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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Cracking in gas turbine blades was found to initiate from a mechanism of low-cycle fatigue (LCF). LCF is induced during thermal loading cycles in gas turbines. However, metallography of two cracked blades revealed a change in microstructure at as-cast surfaces for depths up to 0.41 mm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract The hot gas casing of a gas turbine used for peak load power production had developed extensive cracking during operation. The operating time was 18,000 h, and it had been subjected to 1,600 operating cycles. The gas temperature on the hot side was 985 deg C, on the cold side 204 deg C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Several compressor diaphragms from five gas turbines cracked after a short time in service. The vanes were constructed of type 403 stainless steel, and welding was performed using type 309L austenitic stainless steel filler metal. The fractures originated in the weld heat-affected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Turbine buckets in a 37.5-MW gas turbine made of Udimet 500 superalloy failed in service. The power plant was located 1 km (0.6 miles) from the Pacific Ocean and operated on No. 2 diesel fuel, which was supplied by tanker ship. Turbine bucket failures occurred on three units after 2500...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Fig. 1 Schematic of the gas turbine [ 13 ] Fig. 2 Regimes of high-temperature attack; temperatures are approximate [ 1 ] Fig. 3 Macrograph showing the bucket from the first stage in as-received condition Fig. 4 Macrograph showing the hot corrosion cavities found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Operating Hours of the Gas Turbine Table 1 Operating Hours of the Gas Turbine Item Data Total operating hours 95,000 hours Total number of starts 4,785 times Operating hours prior to repair 77,000 hours Operating hours after repair 18,000 hours Chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0090030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Gas turbine engines Microcracking Phase transformations Rotors Titanium Fatigue fracture Brittle fracture In 1989, a United Airlines DC-10 in transit from Denver to Chicago experienced failure of the center engine. The titanium compressor disk burst and severed the hydraulics of the plane...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A transition duct was part of a 100-MW power-generation gas turbine. The duct was fabricated from several panels of a modified nickel alloy, IN-617. After six years of operation, two such ducts failed during the next two years, causing outages. Failure was in the form of a total...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract The first-stage nozzles of a high-pressure turbine section of an industrial gas turbine exhibited leading and trailing-edge deterioration. The nozzles were made of X-40, a cobalt-base alloy, and were aluminide coated. Failure analysis determined that the deterioration was the result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... A contributing factor was the length of time spent in the packaging, 21 years. Cracking (fracturing) Heat shields Residual stress Weld defects 321 UNS S32100 Stress-corrosion cracking The standard depot level maintenance of Pratt & Whitney/U.S. Navy J52-P-6, J52-P-8, and J52-P-408 gas...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 High-temperature degradation of a gas turbine transition duct. (a) Carbide, carbonitride precipitates, and oxide pentration along grain boundary. (b) Creep cracking along grain-boundary precipitates (arrows) on IN-617 panel. Creep cavities along grain boundaries link up and lead More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Ti-5Al-2.5Sn gas-turbine fan duct that failed because of contamination of a repair weld in an arc weld in the front flange-duct segment. (a) The circumferential 75-mm (3-in.) crack in the repair weld in the arc weld. 1.5×. (b) Longitudinal section through the repair weld showing More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Resulting fracture surface when gas turbine blade trailing edge crack is broken open in laboratory. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Metallographic cross section through gas turbine blade. Note differences in etched structure near surfaces. Etch: electrolytic, 20% sulfuric acid in methanol. 28× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Schematic of first-stage gas turbine blade that experienced cracking after 32,000 h in service. (a) Sectioning planes at three locations on the blade airfoil. (b) Cross-sectional view of the blade airfoil showing the cooling holes and numbering sequence More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 The 37.5 mW gas turbine third stage bucket tip shroud fracture More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 1 Schematic of the gas turbine [ 13 ] More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 6 Macrograph showing the first-stage nozzle segment from an MS5001 gas turbine in the as-received condition together with a close-up showing the cracks on the first-stage nozzle More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 1 Overall view of the failed gas turbine More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 2 Schematic of gas turbine damaged components and location of the marriage bolts More