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Galling

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract When a roller-bearing assembly was removed from an aircraft for inspection after a short time in service, several areas of apparent galling were noticed around the inside surface of the inner cone of the bearing. These areas were roughly circular spots of built-up metal. The bearing...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Evidence of galling, or adhesive wear, on the inner surface of a carburized 4720 steel inner cone of a roller bearing. Galling was confirmed by the use of electron probe x-ray microanalysis. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Galled surfaces, left: guideway, right: slide 1 4 × More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... modes of adhesive wear including scoring, scuffing, seizure, and galling, and describes the processes involved in classic laboratory-type and standardized tests for the evaluation of adhesive wear. It includes information on standardized galling tests, twist compression, slider-on-flat-surface, load...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001226
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A slide and the two guideways of a pump had to be disassembled already during run-in time after approximately 20 h because they had galled completely, before the rated speed of 800 rpm was reached. Chemical analysis of the slide showed the following composition: 3.60C, 3.22Graphite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... to the member. At failure, the part was receiving a second set of loads up to 103.6% of design load. Visual investigations showed rubbing and galling of the fillet. Microscopic and metallographic examination revealed beach marks on the fracture surface and evidence of cold work and secondary cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... it was reoriented to the plane normal to the major tensile axis by sufficient loading. The shot-peening procedure was altered to create adequate surface compression at all stressed points on the springs. Cracks Galling Orientation Tensile stress Valve spring steel Surface treatment related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0046388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... A maintenance lubrication program was not suggested, but galling could be reduced by periodic application of a solid lubricant. Bolts Galling Molybdenum disulfide Solid lubricants Wear resistance 4140 UNS G41400 Abrasive wear Heat treating-related failures Figure 1 shows a bolt...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... its mounting trunnion and extended during its motion, it interfered with a frame member. This caused both a bending load and a rotational movement. These effects caused a combination of fretting, galling, and fatigue to the internal thread structure of the clevis. As a result of these deleterious...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... 17200. Microstructural examination showed the shaft had ran hot, and there were no material defects. The shaft probably was overstressed by torsion forces. The presence of surface checks on both sides of the cam lobe that were filled with bearing metal proved that overstressing occurred through galling...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Structural member (post) of D-6ac steel that failed by fatigue cracking. The cracking was initiated by rubbing and galling from a mating carry-through box that was bolted to the post. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
B) on shank that had been peened over. A galled area (arrow C) is also visible. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
B) on shank that had been peened over. A galled area (arrow C) is also visible. More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of microscopic welding at the interface between two mutually soluble metals. Adhesion is a major contributor to sliding resistance (friction) and can cause loss of material at the surface (wear) or surface damage without a loss of material at the surface (e.g., galling or scuffing). Adhesive wear typically...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of microscopic welding at the interface between two mutually soluble metals. Adhesion is a major contributor to sliding resistance (friction) and can cause loss of material at the surface (wear) or surface damage without a loss of material at the surface (e.g., galling or scuffing). Adhesive wear typically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... arrows in Fig. 6 from derailment 2. After removal of the bearing from the journal, it was apparent that the journal surface had a pronounced line of galling. In addition, the galling aligned with the fracture-initiation sites being the fatigue cracks for both derailments. Fig. 3 Initiation site...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0092148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and cylinder from a failed valve revealed some burnishing, apparently the result of contact between the spool and the inside cylinder wall. Measurement of the surface profile of the spool showed no evidence of wear or galling. When this profile was compared with that of a spool from a valve that operated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... in inches. (b) Longitudinal score mark (region A) and circumferential scratches (arrow B) on shank that had been peened over. A galled area (arrow C) is also visible. At every overhaul, the spindles were fluorescent-magnetic-particle inspected, and the surface was carefully examined for evidence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... before being plated. (a) Spindle showing fracture region (at fillet between shank and fork). Dimensions given in inches. (b) Longitudinal score mark (region A) and circumferential scratches (arrow B) on shank that had been peened over. A galled area (arrow C) is also visible. Metallographic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with rate of sliding as well as with pressure. If both pressure and sliding speeds are excessive, the frictional heat developed can cause destruction of tooth surfaces. This pressure-velocity factor, therefore, has a critical influence on the probability of galling and scoring of gear teeth. The permissible...