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Fused salts, environment

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... reaction within the tube) and then fractured, which allowed molten salt to flow into the tube. Chemical processing industry Chemical reactors Fused salts, environment Overheating Tubing St 35.8 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Background Visual of General Examination Physical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...–3090) >2000 (>3630) 1800 (3270) Silicon carbide <1400 (<2550) 1500 (2730) 1200 (2190) 1600 (2910) NR, not recommended. Temperature limit not reached for “normal” durability Corrosion resistance of structural ceramics to fused salts, alkalis, and low-melting oxides Table...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... proposed: modification of the processing parameters to reduce the salt deposition and / or change of bar materials to a more resistant alloy. Castings Fluxing Fused salts Hot gas corrosion Ironmaking Pelleting Sintering furnaces HH UNS J93503 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with a thin film of fused salt in an oxidizing gas atmosphere at elevated temperatures. This is known as high temperature or “hot” corrosion where a porous non-protective oxide scale is formed at the surfaces with sulfides in the substrate, and the mechanism of attack does not involve aqueous electrolytes [ 3...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of soluble salts containing certain specific anions can inhibit the crack-producing effect of a given environment on a given alloy. Certain aspects of the metallurgical structure of an alloy (such as grain size, crystal structure, and number of phases) influence the susceptibility of the alloy to SCC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Selected References Selected References • Davies M. , Corrosion by Alkalis , Corrosion: Environments and Industries , Vol 13C , ASM Handbook , Cramer S.D. and Covino B.S. , Ed., ASM International , 2006 , p 710 – 726 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004184 • French D.N...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Coatings Aluminides Hydrogen Interactions Molten Salts Aging Reactions Molten Metal Environmental Cracking Stress-Corrosion Cracking Fatigue Boiler tube cyclic stresses are stresses periodically applied to boiler tubes that can reduce the expected life of the tube through...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of environmentally induced cracking, this article deals only with SCC of metallic components. It begins by presenting terminology and background of SCC. Then, the general characteristics of SCC and the development of conditions for SCC as well as the stages of SCC are covered. The article provides a brief overview...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the material. As the thickness of the film increases, the rate of formation falls and ultimately becomes insignificant. In certain environments a magnetite film possesses self-healing properties and rapidly reforms when damaged, so that if bare metal becomes exposed locally the protective film is quickly...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... environment and a cyclic stress, which results in premature failure of metals by cracking. Neither cyclic stress in air nor environmental attack applied separately produces the same damaging results as combined action. Thus, a precorroded specimen does not necessarily show appreciable reduction in fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Environment 600 Cathodic charge/tensile test C-276, C-4, MP35N, 625, 718 … Pure nickel Cathodic charge H 2 SO 4 K500 Sour oil and gas environment X750 5% NaCl + 5% CH 3 COOH + H 2 S 718, A286, 625 Hydrogen gas (34 MPa, or 5000 psi) charged at room temperature Pure nickel, 600...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Alloy Environment 600 Cathodic charge/tensile test C-276, C-4, MP35N, 625, 718 … Pure nickel Cathodic charge H 2 SO 4 K500 Sour oil and gas environment X750 5% NaCl + 5% CH 3 COOH + H 2 S 718, A286, 625 Hydrogen gas (34 MPa, or 5000 psi) charged at room temperature Pure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Testing Destructive Testing Major anomalies that are the result of a chemical, physical, or metallurgical reaction may not be detectable at braze inspection, because some are caused by operational environments and/or temperatures. Many of these flaws or conditions evolved during the years when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is the combined action of an aggressive environment and a cyclic stress, which results in premature failure of metals by cracking. Neither cyclic stress in air nor environmental attack applied separately produces the same damaging results as combined action. Thus, a precorroded specimen does not necessarily show...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in Steam Equipment Boilers and other types of steam-power-plant equipment are subject to a wide variety of failures involving one or more of several mechanisms. Most prominent among these mechanisms are corrosion, including pitting and erosion; mechanical-environment processes, including stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or corrosive atmospheres and temperatures that vary from extremely low, as in arctic or cryogenic environments, to extremely high, as in gas turbines. In addition, shafts may be subjected to a variety of loads—in general, tension, torsion, compression, bending, or combinations of these. Shafts are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-limiting factors, such as creep or oxidation. The turbine may also be sensitive to the environment in which it operates and the composition of key inputs such as process water and fuel. A number of performance parameters, such as pressures, temperatures, speed, vibration, and power output...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and nondestructive inspection of welds is also described in Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Volume 6 of ASM Handbook. Service failures of welds, similar to those of any other structural component, depend on the operating environment and the nature of the applied load and may include failures from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4