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Frictional wear

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... (frictional wear). No recommendations were made. Gears Lubrication Nylon (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) wear Figure 1 shows pitting on the tooth flank of a nylon oil-lubricated driving gear. The pitting produced numerous surface microcracks in association with large-scale fragmentation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0009190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... the consideration and control of many interrelated factors. Bending fatigue Gear boxes Helical gears Lubrication Scuffing Carburized steel Fatigue fracture Abrasive wear In an industrial application, 24 speed-increaser gearboxes were used to transmit 258 kW (346 hp) and increase speed from 55...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... underneath. This led to further wear and an increase in friction between the sleeve and bearing bush. Fatigue crack initiation occurred at the root fillet because of stress concentration and large frictional forces. Insufficient nitriding depth facilitated the propagation of fatigue cracks. bearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was low-cycle rotation-bending fatigue. The bearing sleeve failed as a result of abrasive and adhesive wear. Detailed metallurgical analysis indicated that the sleeve and its respective journal had been subjected to abnormally high temperatures, increasing the amount of friction between the sleeve...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0048536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... was a dominant mode of loading. Nevertheless, the fracture surface of the failure-causing crack suggested a tensile-stress component was involved in driving failure. Frictional wear Microcracking Rubber Brittle fracture A brittlelike crack propagation caused failure in a rubber office-chair roller...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Examples of typical wear scar for ASTM International G 98 test. Courtesy of K.G. Budinski, Bud Labs Abstract Abstract Friction and wear are important when considering the operation and efficiency of components and mechanical systems. Among the different types and mechanisms of wear, adhesive wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... , USSR Academy of Sciences , Moscow , 1943 , pp. 143 (in Russian). 4. Khrushchev M.M. and Kuritsyna A. D. : Friction and Wear in Machines , USSR Academy of Sciences , Moscow-Leningrad , 1950 , pp. 76 – 82 (in Russian). 5. Sosnovsky L.A. : Statistical Mechanics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in designing as well as in failure analysis for explaining the possible reasons of a given wear failure and thus adopting the most suitable countermeasures. It is also fundamental in basic research to help focus toward the goals, such as the reduction of wear rate or the optimization of friction. Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., mixed composites (SFRP and particulate-filled), unidirectional FRP composites, and fabric reinforced composites. Friction and wear performance of the composites, correlation of performance with various materials properties, and studies on wear-of failure mechanisms by scanning electron microscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such as metals. A polymer-polymer sliding pair, except in few instances, usually produces undesirable high friction and high wear conditions due to enhanced adhesion between the polymer. Also, poor conductivity of the polymers results in elevated temperature at the polymer/polymer interface, leading to melting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...Abstract Abstract A 58.4 cm (23 in.) diam heavy-duty brake drum component of a cable-wound winch broke into two pieces during a shutdown period. Average service life of these drums was two weeks; none had failed by wear. The drums were sand cast from ductile iron. During haul-out, the cable...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and contact surfaces. Chemical and thermal properties of the bearing grease were also examined. The investigation revealed that the failure was caused by wear due to dry friction and impact, both of which worsened as a result of high-temperature degradation of the bearing grease. Fatigue cracks initiated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-element bearings are designed on the principle of rolling contact rather than sliding contact; frictional effects, although low, are not negligible, and lubrication is essential. The article lists the typical characteristics and causes of several types of failures. It describes failure by wear, failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0065827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... with superior properties was initiated. The nominal composition of Fe-0.50C-0.30Mn-0.40Si-5.00Cr-2.00Mo was developed which achieved the goals of edge retention, resistance to softening under frictional heating, wear resistance, ease of heat treatment, dimensional stability in heat treatment, grindability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001575
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... to compartment 5 brg was found frozen with upper and lower spacers. Gear teeth side faces and fillet radius area showed thermal discoloration by the friction effect occurred between gear and spacer surfaces [ Figure 2 ]; - accessible surfaces of spacer showed wear effect caused by mutual contact with gear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract The flanged bearing bush carrying the drive shaft of a feed pump suddenly fractured after about two years of service. The chemical composition was normal for high chromium ledeburitic cast steel, which was corrosion and wear resistant as well as refractory. For unknown reasons...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... References References 1. Rabinowicz E. , Friction and Wear of Materials , 2nd ed. , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , 1995 , p 5 – 7 2. Colangelo V.J. and Heiser F.A. , Analysis of Metallurgical Failures , 2nd ed. , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , 1987 , p 1 – 10 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Classification of Wear Abrasive Wear Mechanisms Wear Failure Analysis References References 1. Rabinowicz E. , Friction and Wear of Materials , 2nd ed. , John Wiley & Sons, Inc. , 1995 , p 5 – 7 2. Colangelo V.J. and Heiser F.A. , Analysis of Metallurgical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... contact. Adapted from Ref 45 , 46 Fig. 12 Illustration of the fretting map approach. PSR, partial slip regime; MFR, mixed fretting regime; GSR, gross slip regime. Adapted from Ref 42 Fig. 13 Comparison between (a) Archard approach and (b) friction energy wear approach to quantify...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Surface Roughness Prediction of Erosion Rate Concluding Remarks Acknowledgments References References 1. Heymann F.J. , Liquid Impingement Erosion , Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Vol 18 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1992 , p 214 – 220 2...