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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head was studied. The attack on the 316LR stainless steel was only shallow. Mechanical grinding and polishing structures were exhibited...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0091897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
..., hardness testing, and microscopic exam) supported the conclusion that shaft failure was initiated by fretting between the bearing race and the bearing surface on the shaft because of improper bearing installation. Once clearance was established between the bearing and the shaft, the shaft began pounding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the general characteristics of fretting wear in mechanical components with an emphasis on steel. It focuses on the effects of physical variables and the environment on fretting wear. The variables include the amplitude of slip, normal load, frequency of vibration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract Wear on a titanium screw head with a lip of material that that was transported by fretting at a plate-hole edge was studied. A flat fretting zone was visible on the screw surface over the material lip. A cellular wear structure containing wear debris was found. No morphological signs...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract A crankshaft flange from a marine diesel engine illustrated a less-common case of fretting-fatigue cracking. The crankshaft was from a main engine of a sea-going passenger/vehicle ferry. The afterface of the flange was bolted to the flange of a shaft driving the gearbox. Cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Fretting and/or fretting corrosion fatigue have been observed on such parts as main rotor counterweight tie rods, fixed-pitch propeller blades, propeller blade clamps, pressure regulator lines, and landing gear support brackets. Microcracks started from severe corrosion pits...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... steel strip. The inner ring, outer ring, and balls were austenitized at 845 deg C (about 1550 deg F), oil quenched, and tempered to a hardness of 60 to 64 HRC. Investigation (visual inspection) supported the conclusion that failure was caused by fretting due to vibration of the stationary vehicle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Fretting is a wear phenomenon that occurs between two mating surfaces; initially, it is adhesive in nature, and vibration or small-amplitude oscillation is an essential causative factor. Fretting generates wear debris, which oxidizes, leading to a corrosion-like morphology...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 35 Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head. (a) Overview of wear on plate hole showing mechanical and pitting corrosion attack. 15×. (b) Higher-magnification view of shallow More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 30 Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head. (a) Overview of wear on plate hole showing mechanical and pitting corrosion attack. 15×. (b) Higher-magnification view of shallow More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 23 Fretting mark generated by fretting an alumina cylinder against an alumina flat More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head. (a) Overview of wear on plate hole showing mechanical and pitting corrosion attack. 15x. (b) Higher-magnification view of shallow More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 7 Schematic of a basic fretting wear test and related fretting cycle. Adapted from Ref 41 . Reprinted with permission from Elsevier More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 8 Schematic illustration of partial slip fretting, gross slip fretting, and reciprocation sliding conditions as a function of the displacement amplitude (e.g., sphere-on-flat contact). Adapted from Ref 43 . Reproduced with permission from P.J. Kennedy, M.B. Peterson, and L. Stallings More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 9 Diagram showing the mixed fretting regime fretting log (i.e., plotting of the fretting cycle as a function of a log scale of the fretting cycles). Adapted from Ref 49 . Reprinted with permission from Elsevier More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 20 Fretting wear weight loss versus fretting cycles for mild steel under gross slip 90 μm displacement amplitude in both dry air and nitrogen atmosphere. Adapted from Ref 74 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 31 Fretting mark generated by fretting an alumina cylinder against an alumina flat More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 42 Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head. (a) Overview of wear on plate hole showing mechanical and pitting corrosion attack. Original magnification: 15×. (b) Higher More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 3 Examples of fretting corrosion. (a) Fretting corrosion in bearings typically occurs in the loose fit between the outer ring and the housing or between the inner ring and shaft. Source: Ref 13 . Reprinted with permission from SKF Group. (b) Fretting corrosion between femoral stem More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 31 Changes in surface roughness as a function of the number of fretting cycles for metal-to-metal contact. (a) As received. (b) 10 3 cycle. (c) 5 × 10 4 cycles. (d) 3 × 10 5 cycles More