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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... deflection of the tray handles that had occurred in the failed tray. Full distortion of the handles was obtained experimentally only by dropping a full hot tray on its end onto the floor. The test results indicated that the tray had slipped from the hand of the user. Bending Deflection Food packaging...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... lubrication. The machine manufacturer therefore switched to bearings with shells of a complex bronze. Bearing steel Cracking (fracturing) Food packaging Needle bearings Ball bearing steel Corrosion fatigue Pitting corrosion A needle bearing from a filling- and seating machine for milk cartons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to prevention of corrosion or bacterial degradation due to water. They are used in food packaging and industrial coatings. Some examples are metal oxides, bio-based pullulan, polymer-grafted silica, and filled latex, among many others ( Ref 55 – 58 ). Flow and Leveling Agents Flow and leveling additives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... atoms ( Fig. 4 ). Other common hydrocarbon polymers ( Fig. 13 ) have more complex mer structures than PE. For example, a slightly more complex mer unit is found in PP, which is used as a commodity thermoplastic in items such as medicine bottles, syringes, textile fibers, and packaging films...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... Matching of refractive indexes of PVC and its impact modifier is often used in transparent films for food packaging. Domains (second phases) that are smaller than the 400 to 700 nm wavelengths of visible light will not scatter visible light and thus do not reduce clarity. In impact-modified polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The conclusion of this article presents several case studies illustrating the various failure modes discussed throughout. bone plates bone screws cardiovascular implants corrosion failure analysis fracture orthopedic implants surgical tools wear History and Benefits The United States Food...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... quality index (HQI), the library used for the match (DB, sublibrary; FX, food additives), and the spectrum identification number (ID) in the database. During the investigation, it was determined that the contamination was likely due to either a cleaning solution or corrosion inhibitor. Courtesy of P...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... operation; not sensitive to discontinuities less than 1–2% thickness of total metal; complex shapes are difficult to analyze Permits visual analysis of buried discontinuities or components in assembly. Also possible to measure near-surface strain Metals, foods, films, nonmetals, composites, assemblies...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... sheets into three-dimensional (3D) shapes. Thermoformed parts can be classified as packaging/disposable products, which account for approximately two-thirds of all thermoformed products, with major markets in food packaging, consumer products, medical and pharmaceutical, electronics, and personal care...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to be water-clear, or can it be translucent? What regulatory requirements need to be met? For example: NSF/ANSI for water contact FDA for food contact USP for pharmaceuticals RoHS that restricts the use of 10 substances in plastic Flammability requirements such as those specified under UL 94...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in-house identification. In-detail photographic documentation should be made in the as-received condition. Next, samples are thoroughly examined in the as-received condition after removing any packaging and so on. During examination, areas requiring further in-detail examination should be marked up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... oilfield, failure costs were found to be inversely related to the residual concentrations of treatment chemicals used to control corrosion, as one would hope. The chemical treatment package included a filming amine corrosion inhibitor and ammonium bisulfite as an oxygen scavenger. Closer inspection...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... alignment Imbalance Inadequate bearing contact Inadequate testing Preparation for shipment Oil system not clean Inadequate drainage Protective coating not applied Wrong coating used Equipment not cleaned Protection Insufficient protection Corrosion by salt Corrosion by rain or humidity Poor packaging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4