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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... susceptible to deviations in installation practice. Electrical arcs Electrical connectors Electrical wire Fire hazards Wiring 1350 UNS A91350 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure The badly burned electrical panel from incident 1 is shown in Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Canada, 1994 . 12. Birk A.M. and Cunningham M.H. : “ Liquid Temperature Stratification and Its Effect on BLEVEs and Their Hazards , J. Hazard. Mater. , 1996 , 48 , pp. 219 – 237 10.1016/0304-3894(95)00157-3 . 13. Birk A.M. et al. : “ Fire Tests of Propane Tanks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... scene would require substantial documentation. Fig. 2 Remains surrounding an industrial facility after a fire and explosion A safety evaluation is necessary prior to any investigative work being performed on the scene. Examples of potential safety hazards at accident scenes include heavy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... using the model may directly or indirectly give insight to the cause of an accident. References 1. Baker J.S. and Fricke L.B. , The Traffic-Accident Investigation Manual , Northwestern University Traffic Institute , 1986 2. “ Guide for Fire and Explosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract Personnel responsible for laboratory protection at some plants are required to participate in exercises simulating a breach of security at the site. This document reports a metallurgical investigation of blank firing adapters (BFA), one of which exploded during such a training exercise...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... an accident at Napp Technologies on April 21, 1995, OSHA requested us to evaluate a large capacity, Vee-shaped, blender Figures 1 , 2 in which a mixture had reacted and started a fire that destroyed most of the plant. Both OSHA and the EPA investigated the accident and published a joint accident...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001584
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... vessel. Ammonium compounds Chemical processing equipment Explosions Fires Nitrates Spargers Titanium (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure A Case Study from the files of Dr. Charles Rau On 13 December 1994, two massive detonations leveled portions of an ammonium nitrate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A pressure vessel failed causing an external fire on a nine-story coke gasifier in a refinery power plant. An investigation revealed that the failure began as cracking in the gasifier internals, which led to bulging and stress rupture of the vessel shell, and the escape of hot syngas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... a grooved circular cylinder, with the ends of the wire wound several times around fixing pegs. The pegs could be adjusted to vary the tension in the wire. Shock loading was obtained by firing a “bullet” at the rear of the cylinder, as shown in Fig. 1 . The wire was fitted with strain gauges to measure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (possibly) 7. Gas leaks around valve Gas leaks into room Possible explosion, fire, or gas asphyxiation Source: Ref 23 Generally, the analyst also identifies the possible causes of the failure and attempts to either eliminate them from the design or, if that is not possible, mitigate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...., Superalloys: A Technical Guide , ASM International , 1988 50. Reid W.T. , External Corrosion and Deposits: Boiler and Gas Turbines , American Elsevier , 1971 51. French D.N. , Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers , Wiley-Interscience , 1983 , p 203 52. Tien...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...? What aspect of performance should be monitored? How much deterioration should trigger repair work? Most sites have idle assets that are standing by in the event they are needed, such as backup generators or fire safety systems. Being idle, they do not wear out through use and their performance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or reflecting from test object cast shadows or patterns on film or digital imaging plates Manufacturing, weld inspection, finding objects in closed containments, metrology of enclosed objects, thickness Hazardous radiation operation; not sensitive to discontinuities less than 1–2% thickness of total metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the specific circumstances of the failure. Many of the SCC failures that are investigated occur in industrial facilities where the initial focus after the failure is to limit/stop the release of chemicals or process fluids, reduce hazards to life and property, and/or return the system to service as quickly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the fracture surface with water should especially be avoided. However, specimens contaminated with seawater or with fire-extinguishing fluids require thorough washing, usually with water, followed by a rinse with acetone or alcohol before storage in a dessicator or coating with a dessicant. Sometimes cleaning...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the analysis: Determine when, where, and how the failure occurred. Interview all operators involved. How was the part treated after failure? Was it protected? How was the fracture handled? Did the failure involve any fire, which could have altered the microstructure of the weld or of the base metal...