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Ferritic stainless steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Alloy 430 stainless steel tube-to-header welds failed in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) within one year of commissioning. The HRSG was in a combined cycle, gas-fired, combustion turbine electric power plant. Alloy 430, a 17% Cr ferritic stainless steel, was selected because...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... intergranular corrosion a couple of grains deep as a result of sensitization ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 1 Top view of a longitudinal weld in 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) E-Brite ferritic stainless steel plate showing intergranular corrosion. The weld was made with matching filler metal. About 4× Fig. 2...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Cracking of a welded ferritic stainless steel heat exchanger. (a) Diagram showing the heat-exchanger weld joint design. (b) The transverse crack that occurred through the weld. 5.9×. (c) Metallographic profile of the weld near the cracking, showing melt-through, grain growth More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Intergranular corrosion of a contaminated E-Brite ferritic stainless steel weld. Electrolytically etched with 10% oxalic acid. 200× More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 35 Cracking of a welded ferritic stainless steel heat exchanger ( example 15 ). (a) Diagram showing the heat-exchanger weld joint design. (b) The transverse crack that occurred through the weld. 5.9×. (c) Metallographic profile of the weld near the cracking, showing melt-through, grain More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0091048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A welded ferritic stainless steel heat exchanger cracked prior to service. The welding filler metal was identified as an austenitic stainless steel and the joining method as gas tungsten arc welding. Investigation (visual inspection, SEM images, 5.9x images, and 8.9x/119x images etched...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0065826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... a week by transgranular SCC. Annealed type 430 ferritic stainless steel was subsequently suggested to prevent further failures. Basic oxygen furnaces Materials selection Precipitator wires 304 UNS S30400 430 UNS 54300 1008 UNS G10080 Corrosion fatigue Stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... C3/C4, or ferritic stainless steel alloy per ASTM 182, Grade FXM27. Boilers Chlorides Diffuser nozzles Thermal stresses CF-8 Stress-corrosion cracking The desuperheater diffuser nozzle in the steam supply line failed within 9 months of service in a 8.25 MN/m 2 (1200 psig) steam line...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Non-metallic inclusions in the blade material playing a minor part. Cracking (fracturing) Loads (forces) Nonmetallic inclusions Stresses Turbine blades Vibration Ferritic stainless steel (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture The failure described occurred in a 45,000 kW, 3,000...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A cast housing, part of a multi-shaft yoking mechanism, failed during assembly and installation of the equipment in which it was to be used. The housing, or yoke body, was cast from AISI 420 grade ferritic stainless steel. Analysis revealed that the failure was caused by the presence...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Top view of a longitudinal weld in 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) E-Brite ferritic stainless steel plate showing intergranular corrosion. The weld was made with matching filler metal. About 4× More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Precipitator wires from a basic oxygen furnace. (a) Original AISI 1008 carbon steel wire, wrapped around an insulator spool and fastened with a ferrule made from type 430 ferritic stainless steel. One ferrule has been removed. (b) Close-up view showing the fractured wire face inside More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... the chemical composition of the broken spindle, and its associated components.The stud, spacers, and washers were made from alloy AISI 430F (UNS S43020) free-machining stainless steel. Alloy 430F is a non heat-treatable ferritic stainless steel sulphurized to increase machinability. Except in thin sections...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... by grinding, polishing, and etching. The prepared sections were examined using a metallurgical microscope to assess microstructure and internal and external surface conditions. Figure 4 shows the microstructure of the base metal, which was typical of an annealed ferritic stainless steel. Figure 5 shows...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... : Desenvolvimento em ac¸os inoxidáveis feeŕıtico-austeńıticos com microestrutura duplex (Development in the stainless ferritic-austenitic steels with duplex microstructure) . Met. Mater. 48 ( 409 ), 551 – 563 ( Sept 1992 ) (in Portuguese) 3. Lee K.M. , Cho H.S. , Choi D.C. : Effect...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... aluminum alone normally is not polarized to its pitting potential. In many environments, aluminum can be used in contact with chromium or stainless steels with only slight acceleration of corrosion; chromium and stainless steels are easily polarized cathodically in mild environments, so...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to austenitic stainless steel tubing (type 321 stainless steel (ASME SA-213, grade TP321H)). The surface temperature of the tube was found to be higher than operating temperature in use earlier. The ferritic steel portion of the tube was found to be longitudinally split and heavily corroded in the region...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Corrosion of aluminum in contact with more cathodic metals is much less severe in solutions of most nonhalide salts, in which aluminum alone normally is not polarized to its pitting potential. In many environments, aluminum can be used in contact with chromium or stainless steels with only slight...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the wall the tube core. Metallography Microstructural Analysis Microstructural analysis confirmed that the tube sheet was fabricated from E-Brite (ferritic stainless steel) that was explosively bonded to Ferralium (duplex stainless steel). The microstructures of both alloys and of the weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of materials, High-alloy ferritic steels: duplex stainless steels (code 1600) , Sandia National Laboratories Report , Sep 2008 , pp. 1600 – 1601 2. Yagodzinskyy Y. , Todoshchenko O. , Papula S. , Hänninen H. , Steel Res. Int . 82 ( 1 ), 20 ( 2011 ) 10.1002/srin.201000227...