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Fe-Si system

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... McGill for assistance in the SEM examinations. The extensive corrosion on the surface is easily seen in cross-sectional views of the edge ( Fig. 3 ). The areas A and B had similar analyses, being rich in Co, Cr and Fe, with some S present, and traces of Al, Si, O and Cl. However, the corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Pct) C Cr Ni Mn Si S Fe Others Specimen A 0.06 20.3 ± 0.3 8.3 ± 0.4 0.7 ± 0.2 0.8 ± 0.4 0.06 bal traces of Al, Ca, and Mg Specimen B 0.06 19.9 ± 0.5 8.6 ± 0.5 0.7 ± 0.1 0.7 ± 0.3 0.06 bal — Fig. 1 (a) Optical and (b) SEM micrographs depicting strings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ) became the stable phases for the substantial difference in the diffusion speed of the Fe 2+/3+ and Cr 3+ cations. Steam oxide scale and substrate composition determined by EDS, wt.% Table 2 Steam oxide scale and substrate composition determined by EDS, wt.% EDS-analysis Cr O Si Mo Mn...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...% C 0.4 to 0.6 Mn 16.0 to 20.0 Cr 3.5 to 6.0 Ni 2.5 max Si 0.2 to 0.65. P 0.08 max S 0.025 max Fe rem Several thousand 18 Mn-5Cr rings in service in the United States. No previously reported ring failures of this alloy are reported, though approximately a dozen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... conditions, pure BN may be usable up to 1800 °C (3270 °F). The most valuable characteristic of BN is its resistance to wetting by metals and alloys. Thermodynamic calculations of equilibria in the system Si 3 N 4 -O 2 reveal that several reactions resulting in the formation of solids SiO 2 , Si 2 N 2 O...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 2.6 Point 3, control area 21.4 33.4 nd nd nd 16.7 24.1 4.5 nd, not detected X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy atomic concentrations (at.%) Table 4 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy atomic concentrations (at.%) Sample C N O Si Cr Fe Ni Stainless steel 44.6 1.6...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... (discussed below). Typical chemical compositions of alloys tested Table 1 Typical chemical compositions of alloys tested Alloy Composition, % C Mn Fe Si Cu Ni Cr Al Ti Mo Others 304 0.08 (a) 2.0 (a) Bal 1.0 (a) … 10.0 19.0 … … … … 309 0.08 (a) 2.0 (a) Bal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Constitutional Analyses - Vicinity of Corrosion Pit (see Figure 13 ) Wall of Pit Bulk Weld Si 1.40 0.76 Cr 30.58 20.69 Mn 2.14 1.37 Fe 62.46 68.24 Ni 3.42 8.94 Total 100.00 100.00 In the pit wall, the chromium content was substantially greater than in the bulk weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., wt.% O Si S Cr Mn Ni Ti Fe Ring gasket  On surface 45.8 0.1 8.1 4.7 0.5 7.0 … 33.8  Crack interior 32.4 0.8 4.7 8.4 0.6 4.4 … 48.7 Flange  On surface 28.0 0.4 13.9 8.0 0.6 5.1 0.4 43.6  Crack interior 24.8 0.4 3.2 11.4 1.1 3.3 0.5 55.3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... steel [<xref rid="c9001783-ref3" ref-type="bibr">3</xref>] Table 1 Composition of D2 tool steel [ 3 ] Element C Mn Cr Si V Mo Ni Fe Percentage 1.50 0.5 12.00 0.5 1.10 1.00 0.30 83.0 Through our investigation it was decided that AISI A2 is an air-hardening tool...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to determine qualitatively the species present. The normal components of Type 304 stainless steel, Fe, Cr and Ni, were present with trace amounts of Al, Si, S and Ca present in many of the scans. In addition, chlorine (Cl) was present in trace amounts on the fracture surface near the inner surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the failed splint material (wt.%) Table 2 Chemical compositions of the failed splint material (wt.%) Item Si Ni Zn Fe Cu DIN 2.0855 standards 0.40–0.80 1.60–2.20 &lt;0.50 &lt;0.10 Bal. Splint A 0.60 1.80 0.40 0.07 Bal. Splint B 0.56 1.82 0.41 0.09 Bal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... maximum Ref °C °F Carbon and alloy steels 1010 steel 480 900 1 SA-178, grade A 510 (a) 950 (a) 2 SA-192; SA-210, grade A 510 (b) 950 (b) 2 SA-209, grade T-1A 525 (b) 975 (b) 2 1 1 4 Cr- 1 2 Mo-Si; SA-213, grade T-11 565 (b) 1050 (b...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... stainless steel C Si Mn P S Cr Ni N Mo V Cu W Co Fe 0.02 0.52 1.85 0.02 0.001 23.00 5.7 0.19 3.28 0.07 0.13 0.02 0.02 bal Chemical composition of austenitic stainless steel Table 2 Chemical composition of austenitic stainless steel C Si Mn P S Cr Ni...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in both low-pH and high-pH environments. At high-pH, the magnetite is dissolved in sodium hydroxide: (Eq 1) 4 NaOH + Fe 3 O 4 → 2 NaFeO 2 + Na 2 FeO 2 + 2 H 2 O Once the magnetite is removed, the sodium hydroxide directly reacts with the iron resulting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... by hydrogen in this temperature range, and laboratory tests with 2-14% Cr steel verified this. Boiler tubes Corrosion environments Sodium hydroxide Warships Fe-0.13C Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Introduction Service Environment Failure Analysis Laboratory Tests Selection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in low toughness. It was recommended that fully killed carbon steel with a fine-grain microstructure be used. Redesign of the flap to remove the step in the forging that acted as a notch was also recommended. Electric power generation Forgings Marine environments Weldments Fe-0.10C Fe-0.19C...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... composition of alloys tested in molten chlorides at 650 and 700 °C (1200 and 1290 °F) under nitrogen Alloy Composition, wt% Fe Cr Ni Mn Al Mo Si C Cu Ti Co Ta Nb 310 stainless steel 50.75 25 20.5 2 … … 1.5 0.25 … … … … … 347 stainless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Coarse stringers of Al 7 Cu 2 Fe, evident in optical and SEM IT0011, IT0067, 01344AI, 1316HMW Coarse Al-Si oxide particles, evident in optical and SEM IT0011, IT0067, 01344AI, 1316HMW Fine (E-phase) dispersoids (Al 18 Mg 3 Cr 2 ), evident only in the TEM IT0011, IT0067, 01344AI, 1316HMW...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Composition, % Material C Mn P S Si Ni Cr Mo Fe Tube 0.10 0.56 0.009 0.024 0.15 0.05 0.05 &lt;0.05 bal Werkstoff St35.8 II 0.17 (max) 0.40–0.80 0.040 (max) 0.040 (max) 0.10–0.35 bal EDS Analysis of Inner and Outer Deposits The cross-sectioned fracture surface...