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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... 13 and 14 ( 1988 ). 4. Sims C. T. , “High-Temperature Alloys in High-Temperature Systems” , High Temperature Alloys for Gas Turbines , Applied Science Publishers , London , p. 13 ( 1978 ). 5. Kanyluk S. , Dragel G. M. and Dubis D. , “Materials Problems...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... mm in. 1 10 36.9 FeS 1.08 FeS 1.1 0.5 0.02 1 and 2 (composite) … 41.7 FeS 1.15 FeS 1.1 + FeS 1.2 … … 2 … … … FeS 1.2 (c) 2.0 0.08 2 and 3 (composite) 6 45.0 FeS 1.46 FeS 1.2 + FeS 2 … … 3 … … … FeS 1.2 + FeS 2 (c) 2.0 0.08 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... (discussed below). Typical chemical compositions of alloys tested Table 1 Typical chemical compositions of alloys tested Alloy Composition, % C Mn Fe Si Cu Ni Cr Al Ti Mo Others 304 0.08 (a) 2.0 (a) Bal 1.0 (a) … 10.0 19.0 … … … … 309 0.08 (a) 2.0 (a) Bal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Operating Pressure,” Trans. ASME, July , 1947 , pp. 479–486.F. G. Straub, “Wall Tube Corrosion in Steam Generating Equipment operating around 1,300 p.s.i.,” Trans. ASME , July , 1947 , pp. 493 – 503 . 6. Potter E. C. , “Chemistry and Industry,” 159 , p. 308 . 7. Potter E. C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... = 540 °C, pressure = 3.9 MPa) for only 3000 h before failure. The tube is fabricated from low-alloy steel T12 (15 CrMo) with dimensions of ϕ38 × 4 mm 2 . The composition of the alloy is 0.160% C, 0.290% Si, 0.610% Mn, 0.019% S, 0.016% P, 0.950% Cr, 0.054% Ni, and 0.440% Mo, consistent with ASTM A213...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Committee on Corrosion, 1976 , p 185 36. Elliott P. , Materials Performance in High-Temperature Waste Combustion Systems , Mater. Perform. , Vol 32 , 1993 , p 82 37. Mazur Z. , Kubial J. , and Marino-Lopes C. , Failure Analysis of Gas Turbine Last Stage Bucket Made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... at four weld locations, identified as A, B, C, and D in Fig. 1 . The welded system consisted of Incoloy 800 (Fe-32Ni-21Cr-0.05C) pipe and fittings. The exterior surfaces of the system were insulated with rock wool that did not contain weatherproofing. On-site visual examination and magnetic testing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... concentrations (at.%). 1.5 nm sputter removed Table 3 Auger electron spectroscopy atomic concentrations (at.%). 1.5 nm sputter removed Sample C O Na S Ca Cr Fe Ni Point 1, large defect 13.1 30.2 3.5 nd 38.0 3.4 10.0 1.9 Point 2, small defect 8.6 35.2 5.6 0.5 nd 9.7 37.9...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Nitrite in a Produced Water System , Proceedings of the SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry , April 20–22, 2009 ( The Woodlands, TX ), Society of Petroleum Engineers , 2009 , p 292 – 299 , 10.2118/121463-MS 71. Hubert C. , Nemati M. , Jenneman G. , and Voordouw...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... 3 -Cr 2 O 3 ternary phase diagram at 1650 °C was used to present the data on the (Fe, M)O-Al 2 O 3 -Cr 2 O 3 system; here, M = Mn or Mg ( Figure 5 ). Fig. 5 (a) Isothermal section of FeO-Al 2 O 3 -Cr 2 O 3 ternary phase diagram at 1650 °C and (b) (Fe, M)O-(Cr, Al) 2 O 3 -SiO 2 ternary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... applications Table 2 Chemical composition of alloys used in subcritical boiler-related applications Grade specifications C Si Mn Cr Ni Mo V Nb Others Remarks SA210 grade A1 0.27 max 0.10 min 0.93 max … … … … … 0.035 max S and P … SA210 grade C 0.35...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ), but the corrosion rate observed depends on the concentration of FeS involved ( Fig. 5 ). Consistent with the importance of this corrosion process in industrial facilities, commercial test kits have been developed for enumerating or assessing the activity of SRB in operating systems ( Ref 25 ). Fig. 5 Rate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... it to be primarily Fe 3 O 4 plus Fe 2 O 3 . No other elements were found, except in trace amounts. It is thus unlikely that the sealing compound introduced into the system contributed to the failure. Chemical composition of scale Table 2 Chemical composition of scale Element Composition, % Iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is open to the atmosphere. (b) Structural members should be designed to avoid retention of liquids; L-shaped sections should be used with the open side down, and exposed seams should be avoided. (c) Incorrect trimming or poor design of seals and gaskets can create crevice sites. (d) Drain valves should...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... will be given later to support the postulate that these voids are formed because of the formation of methane, not because of the large amount of hydrogen per se . The methane is formed by the reaction Fe 3 C + 2 H 2 → CH 4 + 3 Fe which is sometimes referred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...% C 0.4 to 0.6 Mn 16.0 to 20.0 Cr 3.5 to 6.0 Ni 2.5 max Si 0.2 to 0.65. P 0.08 max S 0.025 max Fe rem Several thousand 18 Mn-5Cr rings in service in the United States. No previously reported ring failures of this alloy are reported, though approximately a dozen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Reference • Warke W. R. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 823 – 860 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553 Military aircraft use a cartridge ignition system for emergency engine starts. A solid propellant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... mm in. 1 10 36.9 FeS 1.08 FeS 1.1 0.5 0.02 1 and 2 (composite) … 41.7 FeS 1.15 FeS 1.1 + FeS 1.2 … … 2 … … … FeS 1.2 (c) 2.0 0.08 2 and 3 (composite) 6 45.0 FeS 1.46 FeS 1.2 + FeS 2 … … 3 … … … FeS 1.2 + FeS 2 (c) 2.0 0.08 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... used in the flap. Etched in 2% nital. 100× Chemical analysis of both the plate and the forging materials was performed. Results are presented in Table 1 . Results of chemical analysis Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Material Composition, % C Mn Si S P...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... such as may occur after welding, alloy 430 is considered a nonhardenable material. By comparison, martensitic alloy 410 with 12% Cr and 0.12% C is fully air hardenable, while 12% Cr ferritic alloy 405 with 0.08% C is not. 1 , 2 Fig. 3 Fe-Cr alloy phase diagram 15 Similar to standard 18Cr-8Ni...