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Fatigue failure

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... and depassivation by chloride ions. The first portion of this paper presents information, using metallographic techniques, on the depassivation of reinforcing steel in the presence of Cl − ions. Although there are no reports of failures in primary elements of structural concrete members due to fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... flexing that the apparent between it and the crankcase. These factors would increase the magnitude of the fluctuating stresses to which the shaft was subjected and be conducive to fatigue failure. There were three other compressors of the same make and type at the particular location...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Stress concentration Heat-treated steels Fatigue fracture On page 165 of Volume II of this series of Reports a case was reported of the failure by fatigue cracking of two chromium-plated Diesel-engine crankshafts. Another case of failure from a similar cause has since been investigated. The part...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... , Trans. Inst. Mar. Eng. , v.LX. No. 12 , 1948 . Selected References Selected References • Wulpi D.J. , Failures of Shafts , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1986 , p 459 – 482 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808 • Fatigue Failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Helical springs Medium-carbon steel Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture A medium-carbon helical spring was installed in a machine assembly that was welded into its final location. During welding, which was conducted several inches from the spring, no shield was used to prevent spatter from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... etched 300x magnification) supported the conclusion that the rocker levers failed in fatigue, with casting defects, or spiking, acting as stress raisers to initiate failures in highly loaded engine tests. Recommendations included shot peening of the levers as an interim measure to reduce the possibility...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...), and the ASM Committee on Failure Analysis of Weldments (for Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 10 of Metals Handbook (8th ed.), 1975). Selected Reference Selected Reference • Fatigue Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 700...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...). This fatigue failure was the result of poor design, which incorporated a notch that acted as a stress raiser, leading to fatigue-crack growth. A generous radius was recommended to avoid similar failures. Radii Stress concentration Steel casting Fatigue fracture Figure 1 shows a fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0048350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... surfaces by electron microscopy at high magnification. Fatigue failures were concluded to be caused by vibrations resulting from normal steam flow at high steam demand. Too rigid support near the steam drum resulted in concentration of vibratory strain in the regions of failure. The method of supporting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0047917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... that the failure was caused by fatigue initiated in corrosion pits (caused by seawater). The fracture was found to be transgranular. It was recommended that the inner and outer rings should both be made from the more corrosion resistant 17-4 PH (AISI type 630) stainless steel. Cyclic load Hydrofoils Stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of fatigue failure were present with origins at about the mid-thickness of the pin located each side of the step in the fracture surface. In addition, cracking was evident in the axial direction. The crack ran into one of the radial oil holes near the end of the pin. A further section was taken transverse...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... All of the failures, a total of 14, were of the same type of design, which according to finite-element analysis, produces a significantly higher level of stress. SEM examination of the fracture surface of one of the failed drive shafts revealed fatigue striations near the OD and ductile dimpling near...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract The failure of a spiral bevel gear from the transmission of a helicopter was discovered when the transmission was removed after an in-flight incident. Two adjacent teeth from the carburized AISI 9310 steel gear were found to have undergone fatigue failure. Internal initiation occurred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the approximate percent area of the fracture surface for each screw that is fatigued. Fig. 2 Fracture surfaces of screws No. 1 (a) and No. 2 (b). Small black arrows indicate beach marks. Large white arrows indicate primary failure origin. Each tic mark on scales represents 1 16 , in. (1.6 mm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... observed on the fracture surface. Higher magnification revealed fatigue striations on the fracture surface ( Fig. 7c ). Fig. 7 Scanning electron micrographs of failed wires. (a) Cracking and failure at wire crossover. (b) Interrupted crack growth. (c) Fatigue striations. All of the debris...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The examinations indicated that fatigue cracks had originated at the rim backside and propagated to the rim midsection. Catastrophic failure occurred at a final overland. Fatigue fracture of the wheel rim was attributed to cyclic loading created by improper wheel mounting of a spare tire. Automotive wheels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... that bridged a wide gap. The most probable cause of failure was improper preheat during welding. Agricultural equipment Fillet welds 4140 UNS G41400 Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture Background The 4140 steel steering spindle on a tricycle agricultural field chemical applicator...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001040
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... that a salvage welding repair had resulted in the formation of martensite that developed cracks, leading to fatigue failure of the axle. It was recommended that no weld buildup or repair be permitted on the axles. Repair welding Transportation applications 4140 Fatigue fracture Joining-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to be fatigue cracking that initiated at the toes of the fillet welds. Secondary fatigue cracking occurred at the torque rod mounting holes. Failure was attributed to cyclic stresses at the weld toes that exceeded the lowered fatigue strength at this location. A design change that eliminated the fillet welds...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... for the impeller. Selected Reference Selected Reference • Fatigue Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 700 – 727 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544 Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 2 Copyright © 1993 ASM...