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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... cracking arising from the combined effect of residual stresses and the corrosive effect of the material being centrifuged. If the shell had been stress-relieved after fabrication, the failure likely would not have occurred. Corrosion environments Extraction plants Extractors Hydro extractors...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A microstructural analysis has been made of a burner nozzle removed from service in a coal gasification plant. The nozzle was a casting of a Co-29wt%Cr-19wt%Fe alloy. Extensive hot corrosion had occurred on the surface. There was penetration along grain boundaries...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract The repeated failure of a welded ASTM A283 grade D pipe that was part of a 6 km (4 mi) line drawing and conducting river water to a water treatment plant was investigated. Failure analysis was conducted on sections of pipe from the third failure. Visual, macrofractographic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Equations for the Prediction of Erosive-Corrosive Wear in Steam Extraction Piping , Joint ASME/IEEE Power Generation Conf. , 1987 , Pwr-35 59. Keck R.G. and Griffith P. , “ Prediction and Mitigation of Erosion-Corrosive Wear in Secondary Piping Systems of Nuclear Power Plants ,” NUREG...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Radial cracking occurred adjacent to 11 vanes in a 19-vane impeller operating in a chemical plant environment. The impeller vanes were fillet welded to both the disk and the cover Cracks were next to the fillet welds and near the cover outer diameter They generally did...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Admiralty brass (Alloy C44300) cooling tubes which were part of a heat exchanger in a turbogenerator that provided electricity to a manufacturing plant failed. A mixture of non-recirculating city and “spring pit” water flowed through bundles of tubes to cool the oil in which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... to the internal components of a sugar beet diffuser at a midwestern United States processing plant. The slope type diffuser extracts raw beet juice from sliced beets, as highlighted in the simplified diagram of the vessel shown in Fig. 1 . Sliced beets are dropped from a conveyor belt into the bottom...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... in the fillet welds. The absence of cracks in the blocking ring is possibly due to the fact that in this heavy section the residual stresses introduced by welding did not reach such a high value as those in the lighter plates of the pan and shroud ring. It is germane to include an extract from an article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... The turbine manufacturer, whose obligations are normally spelled out in a parts warranty or in a maintenance contract; 2. The insurance company, who has insured the turbine against damage due to the malfunction of some other plant component; or 3. The owner/operator. This paper focuses on the cases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A rupture of a thirty-year-old U-tube on a steam generator for a closed-cycle pressurized-water nuclear power plant occurred, resulting in limited release of reactor water. A typical tube bundle can be over 9 m (30 ft) tall and 3 m (10 ft) in diam with over 3,000 22-mm (7/8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... is discussed. Analyses of four failed components from nuclear plants are then described to illustrate the kinds of failures seen in service. The failures discussed are (1) intergranular stress-corrosion cracking of core spray injection piping in a boiling water reactor, (2) failure of canopy seal welds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., Desulfocapsa ; (5) biofilm at downstream end of treatment plant, Desulfocapsa . Adapted from Ref 22 under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). Copyright © 2014 Mand, Park, Jack, and Voordouw Fig. 13 Microbial community coupled to the corrosion of steel in a biofilm taken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.../asm.hb.v11.a0003546 A 37.5 mW combustion turbine in a power plant located approximately 1 km from the Pacific Ocean operates on #2 diesel fuel transported by tanker ship. Turbine bucket failures occurred in three different units of the power plant after 2500 to 6400 h of operation. The buckets...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and Refining Co. , New Jersey ( 1961 ) 4. Day E. A. , Other Factors and Problems to Consider in the Production of Good Quality Castings, Chap. LX in “A Visit with 500 Die Casting Plants” , American Charcoal Co. , Detroit ( 1959 ) 5. Bosley D. V. , private communication/persönliche...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with catastrophic consequences of failure would be quite different from a pressure vessel that would leak before it breaks. The different ways in which these decisions have been made in the off-shore pipeline, nuclear power plant, and aerospace industries were discussed at a late-1990s European-United States...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at an ethanol plant. The shell side of the economizer was exposed to flue gas with an expected temperature of approximately 450–600 °F. The tubes of the economizer contained process water, which consisted of process condensate with an expected temperature of approximately 95–200 °F. Specific details...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and requirements. Piping and pressure vessel finite element analyses are primarily used in the design and upgrade phases of systems. Before any owner of a power plant, refinery, paper mill, chemical plant, or power piping or pressurized process system accepts delivery, analyses showing code compliance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of operation, the plant produced acid pellets, and the initially specified HH grade stainless steel grate bars had adequate oxidation resistance. Production was then converted to a fluxed pellet process, with limestone and dolomite added to the magnetite ore to react with the residual silica. Concurrently...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-element analyses are primarily used in the design and upgrade phases of systems. Before any owner of a power plant, refinery, paper mill, chemical plant, or power piping or pressurized process system accepts delivery, analyses showing code compliance will be provided. These include analyses of pressure...