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Excessive internal pressure

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0060097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... was revealed by metallographic examination. The fracture features were found to be characteristic of an overload failure in a ductile material. The ruptured tubes were concluded as a result of examination to have failed as a result of excessive internal pressure. The source of the excessive internal pressure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001743
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., fractures or cracks (or both) were also caused by a combination of unfavorable temperature distribution (and possibly excessive pressures around the cylinder barrel), un-nitrided internal surfaces of cylinder barrels, and inadequate thread contours, which caused high stress concentrations at the thread...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... be limited because the regulating valve was fully open and the safety valve would also open when the temperature became high enough to soften the spring. It is doubtful, therefore, that excessive internal pressure played any part in the failure, and this is borne out by the small extent to which the crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Equipment in which an assembly of in-line cylindrical components rotated in water at 1040 rpm displayed excessive vibration after less than one hour of operation. The malfunction was traced to an aluminum alloy 6061-T6 combustion chamber that was part of the rotating assembly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... in. pressure was passed over the outsides of the tubes, entering the vessel near to the upper tubeplate on one side and leaving it by a branch adjacent to the lower tubeplate on the opposite side. Examination of the vessel showed that the, paint had been burnt off the upper half of the shell. Internally...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... for a reheat treatment. For parts that cracked after pressure testing, excessive dimensional changes precluded the inclusion of a reheat treatment as a manufacturing step, and further failure was averted by carefully employing proper machining practices, avoiding abusive machining. Chromium plating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... type, i.e., shear-fatigue fractures due to excessive surface pressure. The needles too were overstressed by compression. It seemed that the higher pressure necessary for the pressing of thicker paper accelerated the corrosion, which lead to the crack initiations of the parts and possibly also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... – 921 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560 • Corrosive Wear Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 989 – 994 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567 To prevent excessive sleeve wear, the nickel-base hard-facing alloy coating on the sleeves...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... , and the pertinent dimensions are given in Fig. 2 . It is understood that, during operation, the cylinder was subjected to a pressure initially of 750 p.s.i., rising ultimately to 4,480 p.s.i. The appearance of the internal surface of the head and the fracture is shown in Fig. 3 . The cylinder was a steel casting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... lists allowable radial pressures calculated from Eq 1 for three cast, annealed sheave materials. Heat treatment to improve wear resistance will permit greater pressures. The values listed in Table 2 are of necessity approximate, but do represent desirable limits for avoiding excessive groove wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... girth weld was revealed by laboratory examination. Some misalignment of the head to the shell because of radial displacement of the shell and head centerlines was observed which was found to result in excessive clearances between the two parts and a slight difference in the thicknesses of the parts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... a support member about 25 mm thick and attached to the fuselage by a single bolt. Brinelling (plastic flow and indentation due to excessive localized contact pressure) was observed on the upper surface of the spring where the forward and rear edges of the spring contacted the support member...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by thick-edged fracture lips, little ductility or tube swelling, excessive internal scale, and other evidence of oxidation or corrosion. The fracture is normal to the tube surface and parallel with the tube axis ( Fig. 6a ). The microstructure ( Fig. 6b and c ) exhibits evidence of creep damage, creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Failure of a case hardened steel shaft incorporated fuel pump in a turbine-powered aircraft resulted in damage to the aircraft. The disassembled pump was found to be dry and free of any contamination. Damage was exhibited on the pressure side of each spline tooth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... studies ( 14 ), however, have shown that hard spots may have tensile stresses from 40% to 100% greater than the nominal tensile stress due to internal pressure alone. Residual stresses may develop in the region of a hard spot during the fabrication of flat plate into round pipe as a result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... psi) (normal pressure of 14 to 20 kPa, or 2 to 3 psi); turbine speed, 62000 rev/min; vane pass frequency, 13,433 cycles/s. Scanning Electron Microscopy/Fractography Metallography The bellows material contained an abnormally high degree of titanium-base stringers. Excessive amounts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., which caused ductility loss and grain-boundary separation. The excessive oxygen content in the liner was attributed to diffusion from an oxygen-rich environment that had resulted from nonuniform mixing of propellants. The internal oxygen embrittled the alloy and reduced its thermal conductivity, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0045992
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract After two weeks of operation, a poppet used in a check valve to control fluid flow and with a maximum operating pressure of 24 MPa (3.5 ksi) failed during operation. Specifications required that the part be made of 1213 or 1215 rephosphorized and resulfurized steel. The poppet...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting process, casting material, and design with examples. The casting processes discussed include gravity die casting, pressure die casting, semisolid casting, squeeze casting, and centrifugal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... the hardness from 153 to 179; this specimen was then skidded, under pressure, over a hard steel plate and this had the effect of increasing the hardness to 205. Sundry other specimens tested in the same manner gave similar results; the most severe deformation and abrasion failed to produce a hardness in excess...