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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Radiant tubes that failed prematurely in an ethylene cracking furnace were analyzed to determine the cause of their early demise. The tubes were made from austenitic heat-resistant steel and cracked along their longitudinal axis. New and used tubes were compared using scanning electron microscopy, energy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... deposit. Note the mercury droplets. 10.26× Abstract The failure mode of through-wall cracking of a butt weld in a 5083-O aluminum alloy piping system in an ethylene plant was identified as mercury liquid metal embrittlement. As a result of this finding, 226 of the more than 400 butt welds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...(ethylene-co-acrylic acid) ethyl cellulose ethylene carbon monoxide electric discharge machining EDS EMI EP EP EPDM EPR ESC ESR EWF FDA FEA FEM FEP FID FMEA FPVC FRP FTIR GEP GF GFRP GPC HDPE HDT HIPS HMC HPLC HPPE HSLC IEC IIR IR IRHD ISO IV LC LCP LEFM LDPE LLDPE LOI LSC LUT LVR Mc Mn MT Mw Mw/Mn Mz...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... showing surface deposits on the cylinder side of a disc exposed to hydrogen/ethylene blend. 271× Fig. 4 Same as Fig. 3 at higher magnification .3087× Fig. 11 Photomicrograph of a cross-section of a failed disc.Intergranular fracture was evident on the cylinder side of the disc (lower...
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 13 EDS spectrum obtained from deposits on the cylinder side of a disc exposed to the hydrogen/ethylene blend. More
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 3 SEM micrograph showing surface deposits on the cylinder side of a disc exposed to hydrogen/ethylene blend. 271× More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... analyzed using micro-FTIR in the ATR mode. The spectra obtained on both sets of parts contained absorption bands characteristic of a thermoplastic polyester, such as PBT or poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). Different types of polyester resins cannot be distinguished spectrally, because of the similar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of plastics Table 4 Abbreviations and names of plastics Abbreviation Plastic family name ABA Acrylonitrile-butadiene-acrylate ABS Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene ACS Acrylonitrile-styrene and chlorinated polyethylene AES Acrylonitrile-styrene and ethylene-propylene rubber AMMA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006866
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Ivanova E.P. , Plastic Degradation and Its Environmental Implications With Special Reference to Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate) , Polymers , Vol 5 (No. 1 ), December 2013 , p 1s – 18s 10.3390/polym5010001 2. Plasticseurope, PlasticsEurope, Plastics—The Facts 2018: An Analysis of European...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... hydrocarbons such as ethane (C 2 H 6 ), propane (C 3 H 8 ), and butane (C 4 H 12 ) to the point where they crack and recombine to form predominantly unsaturated ethylene (C 2 H 4 ). Dimethyl disulfide (CH 3 -S 2 -CH 3 ) and dilution steam are added to the feed in order to reduce coke formation on the internal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., polyvinyl chloride; ABS, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene; SBS, styrene-butadiene-styrene; PA, polyamide; PP, polypropylene; POM, polyoxymethylene. (b) PB, polybutadiene; SBR, styrene-butadiene- rubber ; NBR, nitrile-butadiene-rubber; SAN, styrene acrylonitrile; SEBS, styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene; MA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Polyarylamide PARA Polybutylene terephthalate PBT Liquid crystal polymer LCP Polyoxymethylene POM Polyphenylene sulfide PPS Ethylene vinylacetate EVA Polyetheretherketone PEEK Polytetrafluoroethylene PTFE Polylactide PLA Polymethylpentene PMP Elastomers Thermoplastic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the temperature of the cooling water is stated to be effective where anti-freeze additions based on ethylene glycol are employed. Attempts have been made to reduce or prevent cavitation damage by the application of cathodic protection, and this has been found to be effective in certain instances of trouble...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... (PPA) Polyarylamide (PARA) Polyetherketone (PEK) Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) Polyetherketoneketone (PEKK) Polyetherketoneetherketoneketone (PEKEKK) Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) Poly(ethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) (ECTFE) Fluorinated poly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Chloroisobutylene-isoprene Same general properties as butyl BR Cis-4 Polybutadiene Used principally as a blend in other rubbers Thiokol (PS) Polysulfide Widely used for potting of electrical connectors R EPR Ethylene-propylene Good general-purpose electrical properties R EPT Ethyl-propylene...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-contaminated welds were detected by x-ray radiography and removed, and the mercury absorption material was replaced. A similar failure has been reported in an aluminum alloy piping elbow in a cryogenic unit at an ethylene plant ( Fig. 1 ) ( Ref 6 , 7 ). In this case, the mercury was received in shipments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Understand the Mechanical Behaviors of Polymer Glasses Under Extension and Compression , Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Akron , 2018 , p 23 – 27 48. Tonyali K. and Brown H.R. , Effects of Detergent Concentration and Ethylene Oxide Chain Length of the Detergent Molecule on Stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... at the root of the weld, and led to LMIE crack propagation. Other mercury-contaminated welds were detected by x-ray radiography and removed, and the mercury absorption material was replaced. A similar failure has been reported in an aluminum alloy piping elbow in a cryogenic unit at an ethylene plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... features. (b) Two-dimensional line profile taken from the BOPP image showing features 24 nm wide Fig. 48 Instrumentation for phase measurements Fig. 49 (a) 1 by 1 μm vibrating mode image of a styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene (SEBS) polymer sample. (b) 1 by 1 μm phase image of a SEBS...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006920
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... , 1986 , p 579 10.1021/ma00157a015 24. Singh R.P. et al. , Thermo-Oxidative Degradation of Heterophasic Ethylene-Propylene Copolymers and Their Fractions , Polym. Int. , Vol 32 , 1993 , p 189 10.1002/pi.4990320213 25. Grause G. , Chien M.F. , and Inoue C...