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Engineering expert litigation

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The purpose of this article is to assist the reader in understanding the role that an engineering expert witness plays in evaluating incidents related to product liability, so that he or she may become better acquainted with the role that an engineer plays in such litigation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... testing. Engineering expert litigation Manufacturing standards Products liability Quality control Metal Brittle fracture Often the first reaction of an expert or lawyer receiving a case from a client is simply a question or two. How can a strategy be developed to work this issue...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., a sales representative, an insurance consultant, an attorney in products liability, outside “experts” (be sure they are truly expert!), and so on. Members of the design review board should not be direct participants in day-to-day design and development of the product under review, but the engineers should...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... twistdrill. (a) End view. (b) Top view. A second drill from the same lot was also examined. There was carbide banding but to a significantly lesser degree. Hardness was measured as 63 to 64 HRC at both the flute edge and in the bulk of the drill. Plaintiff's expert concluded that the failed drill...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... engineers, failure analysts cannot cross the line and issue opinions counter to what they know based on the data, regardless if the report is likely to be involved in litigation. It is incumbent upon the failure analyst to form unbiased conclusions based on the evidence and not be swayed or influenced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... require the assessment of a materials engineer. This is because many design engineers are not very familiar with the natural variations within a material grade. Evaluation of the adequacy of a material or process specification is often best performed by a materials engineer. Thus, materials experts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a material or process specification is often best performed by a materials engineer. Thus, materials experts have been in an excellent position to gain experience in the failure analysis process. The advent of more powerful and widely available scanning electron microscopes has helped provide a more fact...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the attention of the investigator, because they reduce production efficiency, waste critical materials, and increase costs. In some instances, they cause considerable damage or personal injury. Finally, failures can result in costly litigations. The need to develop and encourage the science (and art...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... While the part, along with any evidence on it, is being flooded with coolant during cutting, a meeting is held with all possible experts concerned, or none of the experts, and a single theory as to the root cause of the failure is developed. Sometimes there is no meeting, because the engineer thinks he...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Reconstructing an accident often requires consulting with highly specialized experts to address specific aspects of the failure. For example, an automotive accident investigation may point to the failure of a driveshaft U-joint. The automotive accident investigator would benefit from consulting a metallurgist...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., weather, or other potential factors in aircraft failures. Metallurgical and materials engineering is only one of many disciplines that are important in the field of aviation accident investigation. It is essential for metallurgical and materials engineers to work with pilots, human factor experts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was attempting to loosen exhaust system bolts on a large diesel engine using the open end portion of a 3/4-inch (19 mm) wrench. The open end wrench was required because the design of the exhaust system prevented the use of a box end wrench. When the worker applied his full strength, the jaw of the wrench...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... relevant. Some of the specifications are: E 620. Standard Practice for Reporting Opinions of Technical Experts E 678. Standard Practice for Evaluation of Technical Data E 860. Standard Practice for Examining and Testing Items That Are or May Become Involved in Litigation E 1020. Standard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Interdisciplinary Nature Reconstruction of an accident rarely deals with only a single engineering discipline. In most cases, the issues involved in the accident are not limited to materials, mechanical, chemical, or structural engineering. The issues often extend to other engineering disciplines as well...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... understanding of the complex engineering issues involved in the failure analysis and redesign effort. This better understanding in turn enhanced the attorneys' ability to present the expert testimony at the trial in a readily comprehensible manner. The outcome of the lawsuit was a court determination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article briefly introduces the concepts of failure analysis, including root-cause analysis (RCA), and the role of failure analysis as a general engineering tool for enhancing product quality and failure prevention. It initially provides definitions of failure on several different...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and service is an essential engineering process for continual improvement in product reliability. This article describes the general procedures, techniques, and precautions employed in the investigation and analysis of metallurgical failures that occur in service. The stages of investigation are discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and for technical discussions, terms such as discontinuities , defects , and flaws are more commonly used; such terms are discussed in this section. Failure analysis may be performed for the purpose of litigation. The terminology used in courts by lawyers may be different from that used by engineers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... That is, certain metals and alloys become essentially inert and function as though they were noble metals such as platinum and gold. Fortunately, from an engineering standpoint, the metals most susceptible to this type of behavior are the common engineering and structural materials, including iron, nickel, silicon...