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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... daunting given the ever increasing operating stress and temperatures that must be sustained by the engine components without failure. This is especially true in the high pressure (HP) turbine region of the engine where actual metal surface temperatures of the turbine blades (buckets) can exceed 2000...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... loading; the comparison is being made with the polished surfaces and the tensile specimen fracture surfaces. The inclusions in the failed retaining ring were compared with the ones in a similar component obtained from a used engine. In the case of the latter, a large number of fine and elongated (Mn, Cr...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Fatigue failure of engineering components and structures results from progressive fracture caused by cyclic or fluctuating loads. Fatigue is an important potential cause of mechanical failure, because most engineering components or structures are or can be subjected to cyclic loads...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Engineering component and structure failures manifest through many mechanisms but are most often associated with fracture in one or more forms. This article introduces the subject of fractography and aspects of how it is used in failure analysis. The basic types of fracture processes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (PFA). The article describes the damage tolerance approach to life management of cyclic-limited engine components and lists the commonly used nondestructive evaluation methods. It concludes with an illustration on the role of NDE, as quantified by POD, in fully probabilistic life management...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Engineered components fail predominantly in four major ways: fracture, corrosion, wear, and undesirable deformation (i.e., distortion). Typical fracture mechanisms feature rapid crack growth by ductile or brittle cracking; more progressive (subcritical) forms involve crack growth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047860
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... measure, ultrasonic inspection was used in addition to magnetic-particle inspection to detect discontinuities. Engine components Reciprocating engines Stress concentration 1040 UNS G10400 Fatigue fracture The crankshaft in a reciprocating engine had been in operation for less than one year...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at region 2 Abstract The failure of HP turbine blades in a low bypass turbofan engine was analyzed to determine the root cause. Forensic and metallurgical investigations were conducted on all failed blades as well as failed downstream components. It was found that one of the blades fractured...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... were returned to the manufacturer after failing in service well short of the component design life. Spring design specifications required conformance to SAE J157, “Oil Tempered Chromium Silicon Alloy Steel Wire and Springs.” Each spring was installed in a separate heavy truck engine in an application...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Fig. 1 Defective ATAR engine accessory angle drive splined shaft and gear assembly. The bevel gear (arrow) was free to rotate on the shaft. ∼.34×. Fig. 2 Accessory angle drive components: S, splined shaft; G, bevel gear, R, support ring, N, castellated nut. Note severe fretting wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... detailed SEM examination of the fractured surface of a high temperature turbine engine component, the use of a surface cleaning treatment is generally necessary to remove some of the adherent oxidation and/or corrosion products formed during service. Techniques such as ultrasonic cleaning and/or repeated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... (3000 mi) of normal operation. Engine components Low-carbon steel Brittle fracture Heat treating-related failures Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 1 Copyright © 1992 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul, editor All rights reserved DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001037...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Materials selection is an important engineering function in both the design and failure analysis of components. This article briefly reviews the general aspects of materials selection as a concern in proactive failure prevention during design and as a possible root cause of failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... electroetched marking of the articulated rods was discontinued as a corrective measure. Aerospace engines Engine components Identification Marking 4337 UNS G43370 Fatigue fracture Surface treatment related failures The articulated rod in an aircraft engine fractured after being in operation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of such deposits on the endurance of parts so treated. The following extracts from a Ministry of Supply Specification dealing with chromium-plating of engineering components may be of interest to those readers who do not happen to be acquainted with it. The specification in question is entitled: “Hard Chromium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The intent of this article is to assist the failure analyst in understanding the underlying engineering design process embodied in a failed component or system. It begins with a description of the mode of failure. This is followed by a section providing information on the root cause...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... use. In some applications it is also not feasible to change the material. At this point a design-based failure analysis may be performed to understand the specific cause of failure. This consists of an engineering review of the component design and service application to determine the loads...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... induced by severe vibration in service. Additional tube clamps were provided to damp the critical vibrational stresses. No further fuel-line fractures were encountered. Engine components Heat affected zone Tubes Vibration 347 UNS S34700 Fatigue fracture Joining-related failures A weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... components Airplanes Bearing steel Control valves Electric discharge machining Engine components Low-cycle fatigue 52000 Fatigue fracture Metalworking-related failures Brittle fracture Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 2 Copyright © 1993 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001032
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... from the leak was apparent on the exterior surface. The heat pipe failed after only 2 h of operation because of local overheating. Failure occurred at the leading edge of the evaporator fin because of ineffective sodium cooling. Sodium heat pipes are a key component in Stirling engines...