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Electrical circuits

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001493
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract An open electrical circuit was found between plated through-holes in a six-layer printed circuit board after thermal cycling. The copper plating was very thin in the failure area but did make an electrical contact during initial testing. During thermal cycling, differential z-expansion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0049838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract An electron probe microanalyzer was applied to the study of service failures (due to severe heating) of aluminum wire connections in residential electrical circuits. Perturbed regions in which the composition underwent a change during the failure were revealed by optical and scanning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... entrance to a single-family home. As illustrated in Fig. 1 , the service entrance is the point at which the electrical lines are connected to the main circuit breakers of the building. These electrical lines come from the power company transformer, through the electrical meter. Fig. 1 Schematic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., and calibration areas be isolated from molding areas. Ammonia, environment Atmospheric corrosion Circuit breakers Electric contacts, corrosion Electrical resistance 50Ag-50Mo 73W-27Ag Uniform corrosion Background During routine quality control testing, electrical switchgear devices exhibited...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Following the fusing of one of the copper leads in the choke circuit of an electric welder, a piece of the affected lead was obtained for examination. The sample had large internal cavities and surface bulges. It is remarkable that a wire containing defects of the magnitude present...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... contact fingers were mounted in each of the two slots of each retainer, and a bank of four to eight retainers held the electrical contacts for a typical circuit breaker system. When a retainer cracked, the usual consequences were open circuits across some contacts, short circuits, and arcing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... circuit is demonstrated in Fig. 24 . Fig. 24 Simplified daisy chain circuit. PCB, printed circuit board; NSMD, nonsolder mask defined; ENIG, electroless nickel and immersion gold Strain Signal Differentiation/Acoustic Emission For solder joint failures without an electrical opening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Electroless nickel plating separation from copper alloy CDA175 retaining clips used on printed circuit boards was caused by a copper oxide layer that reduced adhesion of the nickel plating on the clips. Stresses that developed during module insertion caused flaking to occur...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... information is lacking, e.g. the phase angle at the instant when the breaker was closed. The indications from research work, however, are that the electrical torque due to faulty synchronising is larger than a line-to-line short-circuit torque and that the shaft torque can amount to a maximum of 10 to 15...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... distortions in the eddy current, which in turn cause distortion in the impedance of the coil. The resulting change in impedance can be detected by attaching the appropriate electrical circuits and a meter. Flaws or cracks will show up as some deflection or fluctuation on the meter. Eddy currents flow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in northeastern US, were subject to analysis. The connectors were located on the outside of the transit car and helped conduct the electric supply from overhead cables to the transit car engine circuit. The connectors were ordered with a tin-bismuth coating, containing 2% bismuth. As noted earlier, bismuth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article addresses electrical testing and characterization of plastics and presents a number of techniques for evaluating the electrical properties of insulating materials, with a special focus on plastics, accompanied by a list of the electrical properties of different types...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... by electric arc processes at some joints and butt welded to flanged fittings at other joints. Some air may have been trapped in the top of this and other pipe runs. Fig. 1 Photograph of the inside of a stainless steel pipe with corrosion pits. The pipe was from a fire-sprinkler system for a car...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... design CBED convergent-beam electron diffraction CCT continuous cooling transformation (dia- gram) CE carbon equivalent CEGB United Kingdom Central Electricity CEGB Central Electricity Generating Board CFR Code of Federal Regulations CFRP carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic cm centimeter CMOD crack-mouth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... from the original casting process. Surface repair welds had been used to fill in or cover over larger shrinkage cavities. It was recommended that more stringent visual and nondestructive examination criteria be established for the castings. A743 Electric power generation Repair welds Rotary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... microscope and/or a borescope. Aircraft components Airplanes Bearing steel Control valves Electric discharge machining Engine components Low-cycle fatigue 52000 Fatigue fracture Metalworking-related failures Brittle fracture Background A steel relay valve guide component operating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0065826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... with type 430 wires, and they performed for more than twenty years (except for failures due to electrical short circuits) until the BOF shop was closed down recently. This is a good example of the problems that can occur in practical failure analyses work. The original carbon steel wire was deemed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the Blazer were on at the time of the collision. Automotive components Electric lamps Lights Tungsten Unalloyed tungsten Brittle fracture Background A 1984 Chevrolet Blazer occupied by three young men and a young woman ran out of gas in an urban area at night. The three young men began...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... polymers, heterochain polymers, and polymers containing aromatic rings. The article also includes some general information on the classification and naming of polymers and plastics. The most important properties of polymers, namely, thermal, mechanical, chemical, electrical, and optical properties...