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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... hardened metal in the bores, and a variable pattern of residual stress. Bursting strength Electric generators Forgings Retaining rings Fe-0.65C-8Ni-8Mn-4Cr Intergranular fracture Brittle fracture The year 1954 seems to have been a peculiarly unlucky one for large electrical generators...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... because of its wide industrial usage for similar bearing applications and because of the alloy's mechanical properties and general corrosion resistance in the intended service environment. It was, however, also recognized that type 440C heat treated to Rc 50–55 can be susceptible to hydrogen stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0045911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
...Abstract Abstract Within the first few months of operation of an 8 km (5 mile) long 455 mm (18 in.) diam high-pressure steam line between a coal-fired electricity-generating plant and a paper mill, several of the Inconel 600 bellows failed. The steam line operated at 6030 kPa (875 psi) and 420...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A shrunk-fit 18 Mn-5Cr steel retaining ring failed without warning during normal unit operation of a 380 MW electrical generator. The cause of the ring failure was determined to be intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (IGSCC) because of the high strength of the ring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract In Nov. 1998, the west superheater outlet header at an electricity generating plant began to leak steam. Subsequent investigation revealed the presence of a crack that extended for 360 deg around the full circumference of the header and through the full cross-sectional...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract The shaft of an exciter that was used with a diesel-driven electric generator broke at a fillet after ten hours of service following resurfacing of the shaft by welding. The fracture surface contained a dull off-center region of final ductile fracture surrounded by regions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract A set of plastic grips from an electric consumer product failed while in service. The grips had been injection molded from a general-purpose grade of ABS resin. The parts had cracked while in use after apparent embrittlement of the material. Investigation (visual inspection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract Beveled weld-joint V-sections were fabricated to connect inlet and outlet sections of tubes in a type 347 stainless steel heat exchanger for a nitric acid concentrator. Each V-section was permanently marked with the tube numbers by a small electric-arc pencil. After one to two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Alloy 430 stainless steel tube-to-header welds failed in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) within one year of commissioning. The HRSG was in a combined cycle, gas-fired, combustion turbine electric power plant. Alloy 430, a 17% Cr ferritic stainless steel, was selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... by the presence of a cadmium plating and operating temperatures at approximately the melting point of cadmium. It was recommended that components exposed to the cadmium be replaced. Cadmium, coatings Electroplates Steam electric power generation Steam pipes Steam turbines Turbogenerators ASTM A193...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... International , 2002 , p 587 – 626 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538 In 1955 Sir Claude Gibb of C. A. Parsons & Co., the British engineering firm, presented a paper to the Institution of Mechanical Engineers discussing the failures of two 100,000-kw. electric generators. An eight-page summary...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Institution , London , March 1980 3. Milne I. , Ainsworth R.A. , Dowling A.R. , and Stewart A.T. , “Assessment of the Integrity of Structures Containing Defects,” R/H/R6, Revision 3, Central Electricity Generating Board , Leatherhead, Surrey , May 1986 4. Kumar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... Metal Induced Embrittlement , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 861 – 867 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554 The failed locomotive axle was used in conjunction with a General Electric traction motor SD40-2T. See Figures 1 , 2 . For proper...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... frequently, such as one operating in an electrical utility providing power in peak demand periods, may have turbine components that are life limited by thermal-mechanical fatigue. Those same components operating in a base load application, such as a pipeline compressor station, may have different life...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Electricity Generating Board , Oct 1987 104. Pendlebury R.E. , “Unlubricated Fretting Wear of Mild Steel Surfaces in Air at Room Temperature,” Report TPRD/B/0674/N85, AGR/CIF/TWG/P(85)164, Central Electricity Generating Board , June 1985 105. Beard J. , The Rational Selection...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Contaminant Particles Failure Analysis Procedure Bearing Failures Wear Mechanisms in General Fatigue Electrical Erosion Fretting Corrosion Example 1: Corrosion of Copper-Lead Alloy Sliding Bearings by Sulfur Compounds Corrosion Fatigue Example 2: Corrosion-Fatigue Failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , “ Assessment of the Integrity of Structures Containing Defects ,” R/H/R6, Revision 3, Central Electricity Generating Board, Leatherhead, Surrey , England , May 1986 39. Kumar V. , German M.D. , and Shih C.F. , “ An Engineering Approach for Elastic-Plastic Fracture Analysis ,” EPRI NP...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of an electrical current can occur, then a pattern of fluting can develop on the roller and raceway surfaces. Electrical fluting is a phenomenon where the bearing surface is partially melted by sparks (arcing) generated when electric current enters the bearing and passes through an extremely thin oil film...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... are less susceptible to deviations in installation practice. Electrical arcs Electrical connectors Electrical wire Fire hazards Wiring 1350 UNS A91350 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure Background Visual Examination and General Physical Features Testing Procedure...