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Die castings

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Near-surface porosity in zinc die castings that were subsequently plated with copper, nickel, and bright chromium was causing blemishes in the plating. Identifying die casting turbulence and hot spots were keys to process modifications that subsequently allowed porosity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A segment from a premium-quality H13 tool steel die for die casting of aluminum failed after only 700 shots. The segment was subjected to visual, macroscopic, hardness, and metallographic testing. The investigation revealed that failure occurred as a result of fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract A die-cast zinc adapter used in a snowthrower failed catastrophically in a brittle overload manner. The component had a chemical composition similar to standard zinc alloy ZA-27 (UNS Z35840), although the iron content was much higher and the copper slightly lower...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Cluster bomb tailcone assemblies each containing two aluminum die-cast components were rejected because of the poor surface condition of the die castings. Numerous heat checks were found on the surfaces of the tailcones and radiographic inspection revealed inclusions, gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048620
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of this type of defect. Fasteners Intergranular corrosion Zinc-aluminum die casting alloy Stress-corrosion cracking The two nuts shown in Fig. 1(a) and (b) were used to secure the water-supply pipes to the threaded connections on hot-water and cold-water taps. The nut used on the cold-water...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting process, casting material, and design with examples. The casting processes discussed include gravity die casting, pressure die casting, semisolid casting, squeeze casting, and centrifugal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract A full lift disk, made of die cast brass, which served as a lifting aid in a safety valve, had cracked in service at a number of locations in the vicinity of the threaded hole. During microscopic examination, agglomeration of oxide inclusions were noted in the region...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Compound bow handle risers that had failed in service and during assembly along with an unassembled riser were submitted for analysis. The risers were die cast from magnesium-base alloy AM60A. Inspection of the failed risers and metallurgical investigations conducted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Lakes in zinc die castings are areas encompassed by irregular lines or waves on flat or slightly contoured surfaces which are intended to look uniform. The laked areas have to be removed by polishing before the castings can be plated. This adds considerably to the overall cost...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A new supplier for aluminum die castings was being evaluated, and the castings failed to meet the durability test requirements. Specifically, the fatigue life of the castings was low. Initial inspection of the fatigue fracture surfaces revealed large-scale porosity visible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Extensive cracking was found in a batch of die-cast ZAMAK 3 solenoid valve seats during commissioning of the system in which they were installed. Scanning electron microscopic and chemical analyses conducted on one of the failed valve seats showed that the composition...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the characteristics of tools and dies and the causes of their failures. It discusses the failure mechanisms in tool and die materials that are important to nearly all manufacturing processes, but is primarily devoted to failures of tool steels used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., approximately 30% of its expected life. The disk, cut from the mandrel, was macroetched (10% aqueous nitric acid), revealing a heavily decarburized surface. The decarburization occurred during service. Fig. 48 Runner block made from a proprietary hot work tool steel that was used to die cast aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of die castings Heat-checked die A 114 (a) Thin projection parallel to a casting surface, in re-entrant angles Fillet scab A 115 Thin metallic projection located at a re-entrant angle and dividing the angle in two parts Fillet vein A 120 Metallic projections in the form...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ) 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.03.015 8. Dowling N.E. : Mechanical Behavior of Materials : Engineering Methods for Deformation, Fracture, and Fatigue , 2nd edn. Prentice-Hall , NJ ( 1999 ) 9. Wallace J.F. , Schwam D. : Improved life of die casting dies of H13 steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., or flat initially produced from ingots or, in some cases, made from the product of a continuous casting operation. Primary deformation processes, such as hot rolling, extrusion, and open-die forging, are then used for converting the cast structure to a fine-grained wrought structure while reducing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... spectrometer (MAXx LMM04, SPECTRO Analytical Instruments) was used to analyze the elemental breakdown of the alloy. The spectrometer uses the Spark Analyzer Vision Software and is well suited for applications like die cast or injection molding and for standard requirements in steel or non-ferrous foundries...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... molds or by continuous casting techniques. Primary deformation processes, such as hot rolling, tube piercing, extrusion, and open-die forging, are then used for converting the cast structure. Many large open-die forgings are forged directly from ingots, while most closed-die and upset forgings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Dietzel W. : Dry sliding wear behaviour of a conventional and recycled high pressure die cast magnesium alloys . Mater. Charact . 60 , 843 – 847 ( 2009 ) 10.1016/j.matchar.2009.01.014 12. Abedini M. , Ghasemi H.M. , Nili Ahmadabadi M. : Tribological behavior of NiTi alloy...