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Cylinder rods

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract This article discusses the failure of cylinder clamping rods in single cylinder diesel engines. The AISI 4140 hardened and tempered steel clamping rods were failing after 200 to 250 h of operation. The fatigue failures initiated at the root of the last thread on the clamping rod that...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... effects, failure of the thread structure of the clevis occurred. The failure occurred where the cylinder rod screws into the clevis. The rod was manufactured from 1045 steel. Cylinder rods Fretting fatigue Galling Railroad wheels 1045 UNS G10450 Fatigue fracture Fretting wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... compressor cylinder at the time, It is to be expected that the mid-length of the part of the rod moving within the gland would be the part to attain the highest temperature, which would fall in either direction due to heat loss by conduction along the rod, and it is therefore in this zone where ignition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001192
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract The fracture cause had to be determined in a three-cylinder crankshaft made of chrome steel 34Cr4 (Material No. 1.7033) according to DIN 17200. The fracture occurred after only 150 h of operation. The fracture was of the bend fatigue type which originated in the fillet of the main...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract One of the connecting rods of a vertical, four-cylinder engine with a cylinder diameter of 5 in. failed by fatigue cracking just below the gudgeon-pin boss. Failure took place in line with the lower edge of a deposit of weld metal. The fracture surface was smooth, conchoidal, and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract Examination of a connecting-rod shell bearing from a six-cylinder gasoline engine was done after it was returned to the factory. Copper-lead alloy SAE 485 bonded to a low-carbon steel backing was used to make the bearing and the oil used in the engine was the recommended one...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract The gun mount used in two types of self-propelled artillery consists of an oil-filled recoil cylinder and a sand-cast (MIL-I-11466, grade D7003) ductile-iron piston that connects to the gun tube through a threaded rod. The piston contains several orifices through which oil is forced as...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses failures in shafts such as connecting rods, which translate rotary motion to linear motion, and in piston rods, which translate the action of fluid power to linear motion. It describes the process of examining a failed shaft to guide the direction of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (0.5 in.) in diameter, orbit a rotating 9.53 mm (0.375 in.) diameter cylinder test specimen. The thrust load on the bearing cups is applied mechanically by forcing the upper cup toward the lower cup with three precalibrated coil springs in the assembly. The rod specimen is rotated by a direct-drive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... nitride rod that was broken in uniaxial tension. In Fig. 5 , the light was nearly normal to the fracture surface, while in Fig. 6 the light was coming from the side, nearly parallel with the fracture surface. The fracture markings and the location of the fracture origin are much more obvious in Fig. 6...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... abandonment of using stacked aluminum trays to transport food stuffs. Another example involved the transport of live ammunition in aluminum boxes, because the fretting debris was found to be pyrophoric. In a case investigated by the author, high-purity (HP) aluminum “logs” (cylinders 250 mm, or 10 in., in...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... cylinder 3.5, 4.6, 5.1 2 → 5 0.03 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.01 50 → 60 HRC 2300 HV <1.3 (average) 50 (1998) Reactive sputtering TiN M50 bearing steel Three-ball on rod (lubricated) 5.5 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 2, 3, 5 0.05 → 0.1 30 GPa 59–60 HRC >100 (for coating thickness <1 μm) (a) 51...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... differ among the various expansion joints because several different suppliers were used and design details differed among the manufacturers. The fabrication of all designs includes roll forming a cylinder from 1.25 mm thick (0.050 inch) austenitic stainless steel, longitudinal seam welding and cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... deformation of the connecting rod, fretting damage occurs at the interface of the thin-shell bearings ( Ref 8 – 11 ) ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1 Example of fretting and related visible imprint on the main bearing shell. Adapted from Ref 10 . Reprinted with permission from MAN Energy Solutions Flexible...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... apparatus, in self-contained underwater breathing apparatus cylinders ( Ref 8 , 9 ), and in piping at a NGL plant ( Ref 10 ). The latter case involved two half-pipe headers on a finned plate heat exchanger in a natural gas liquids plant after 13 years of service. A 28 cm (11 in.) long crack was found...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... have been observed in self-contained breathing apparatus, in self-contained underwater breathing apparatus cylinders ( Ref 9 , 10 ), and in piping at an NGL plant ( Ref 6 ). The latter case involved two half-pipe headers on a finned plate heat exchanger in an NGL plant after 13 years of service. A...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... The wall thickness below the shoulder is 0.060 in. The plug is a hollow circular cylinder closed at the top and bottom. It is 4.507 in. in diameter, 0.75 in. tall, and has a wall thickness of 0.120 in. There is a screw fitting in the top center of the plug for attaching a positioning rod. With the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... solid surface caused by fracture arising from material fatigue in a corrosive environment. This wear mode is also termed tribocorrosion fatigue ( Ref 8 , 9 ). Components in machinery, such as cylinder piston rods and slide bearings, and facilities used in an offshore corrosive environment can suffer...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-polished. 100× A connecting-rod shell bearing from a six-cylinder gasoline engine was returned to the factory for examination. The bearing was made of copper-lead alloy SAE 485 bonded to a low-carbon steel backing. The recommended lubrication oil was used in the engine. The length and type of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... from 650 °C (1200 °F). (b) and (e) Quenched from 850 °C (1560 °F). (c) and (f) Tempered at 650 °C (1200 °F) Figure 16 and 17 ( Ref 14 ) show the example of stress relief by tempering. A solid cylinder, 40 mm (1.6 in.) in diameter and 100 mm (4 in.) in length, was examined for analyses and...