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Creep (materials)

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... loss in wall thickness due to corrosion or scaling, and the tube wall was thinned to a knife edge at the rupture. Metallographic examination showed the condition of the material was satisfactory. The failure was mechanical in nature, typical of short time creep rupture. The localized oxidation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... showed that the cracking could not be caused by creep. It was found that the cracking was confined to a 4-mm deep coarse-grained zone (ASTM 0-1) at the outer diameter. The cracking appeared to be caused by strain-induced intergranular oxidation. When the cracks reached the fine-grained material, the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... creep-related failures, where the mechanical strength of a material becomes limited by creep rather than by its elastic limit. The majority of information provided is applicable to metallic materials, and only general information regarding creep-related failures of polymeric materials is given. The...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0048303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... increased the actual operating stress. Tube wastage and high operating temperatures hastened the failure. A better understanding of the material condition of this superheater was recommended to verify all the suspect hot tubes. Overheating 2.25Cr-1Mo Creep fracture/stress rupture This example...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090114
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... approximate elastic stress analysis was conducted to determine the nominal elastic stress distribution through the thickness of the airfoil. In addition, the local strain at the edge of the hole (crack initiation location) was estimated using Neuber's rule and stress-strain-creep properties of the material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001000
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Fig. 1 Schematic showing where failure occurred in superheated steam transfer line. Metallographic analysis of the material disclosed an advanced stage of creep damage accumulation in the form of local cracks, microcracks and aligned damage centers which show up as voids following upon...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... elastic limit for a given alloy. Creep deformation may produce sufficiently large changes in the dimensions of a component to either render it useless for further service or cause fracture. When excessive creep deformation causes the material to reach or exceed some design limit on strain, the term creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... tube life can be considered exhausted. Figure 1 shows a plot of the level of accumulated creep damage along the tube length ( 3 ). It may be seen that the life of the tube is exhausted only in the two upper butt welds, whereas the spindle cast material shows a damage level B, corresponding to half...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... identified as Tube 3 and Tube 4. Tube 3 contained a longitudinal rupture. Graphitization had reduced the creep resistance of the tube material, and the failure of Tube 3 was due to creep. The microstructure of the adjacent tube also exhibited graphitization. The deformation observed in Tube 4 was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... detected. Reference 1. Ostrofsky B. and Heckler N.B. , Detection of Creep Rupture in Ammonia Plant Reformer Headers , in Materials Engineering and Sciences Division Biennial Conference , American Institute of Chemical Engineers , 1970 , p 472 – 476 Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... All the tubes were measured for evidence of outside diameter growth, and the suspect areas were strapped to identify the hottest zones. Growth to failure in HK-40 material having a rough exterior surface is difficult to measure, because total creep of only about 1% has occurred by the time of failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...- J.A. “Proyecto Fin de Carrera” (MS Thesis). ETSI Minas de Madrid, ( 1998 ). 2. Pero-Sanz J.A. , Materials Science and Engineering , p 555 , Editorial Dossat, Madrid ( 1996 ). 3. Larson F. & Miller J. - “A Time-Temperature Relationship for Rupture and Creep...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...? Tolerances Is the configuration such that functionality will be especially sensitive to the actual tolerances that can be expected in a production situation? Are too many special (tight) tolerances required to make the part work well? Creep If creep is a possibility, will it result in loss of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0090454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... general, increased levels of crystallinity result in higher levels of molded-in stress and the corresponding warpage. The significant reduction in the modulus of the HDPE material, which accompanied the saturation of the resin with the aromatic hydrocarbon-based solvent, substantially decreased the creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., the material being AISI 321 stainless steel. The purpose of the present study was to determine optimum repair welding procedures on the premise that the material was basically sound and undamaged by creep. The cracking was the result of thermal fatigue, and such cracks can propagate at elevated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Creep crack growth and fracture toughness tests were performed using test material machined from a seam welded ASTM A-155-66 class 1 (2.25Cr-1Mo) steel steam pipe that had been in service for 15 years. The fracture morphology was examined using SEM fractography. Dimpled fracture was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in secondary creep (which is an indication of superplasticity) [ 17 ]. Fig. 3 True stress–strain curves at different temperatures and 5 mm/ min crosshead speed ( L 0 = 57 mm) Once 800 °C was determined as a temperature at which the material may present superplastic behavior, tensile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... violence. The tube approximately 30 ft. long by 6 in. diam, was constructed of three spun cast sections butt welded together. The material specified for tubes for this service was basically a 25% chromium, 20% nickel, cast stainless steel containing 0.4% carbon to optimize creep resistance. Failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Using Nondestructive Metallographic Measurements ,” Creep and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures , Pineridge Press , Swansea, U.K. , pp. 617 – 627 ( March 1981 ). 6. Lonsdale D. and Flewitt P. E. J. , “ Statistical Considerations for Accelerated Test Programme...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Two superheater tubes from a 6.2 MPa (900 psig) boiler failed in service because of creep rupture. One tube was carbon steel and the other was carbon steel welded to ASTM A213 Grade T22 (2.25Cr-1.0Mo) tubing. The failure in the welded tube occurred in the carbon steel section. Portions...