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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Metal-framed polycarbonate (PC) ophthalmic lenses shattered from acetone solvent-induced cracking. The lenses exhibited primary and secondary cracks with solvent swelling and crazing. A laboratory accident splashed acetone onto the lenses. The metal frames gripped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... is promoted by crazing of the protective oxide film. It was learned that minor changes in the testing procedures could inhibit or accelerate the reaction. Recommendations included replacing the methanol with a suitable alternate fluid. Isopropyl alcohol was chosen after considerable testing. This incident...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 3 Typical creep and creep rupture behavior of nonductile, or brittle, polymers Fig. 4 Crazing fibrils in linear polyethylene (density, 0.964 g/cm 3 ) Fig. 5 Isometric tensile creep curves for unplasticized polyvinyl chloride at 20 °C (68 °F), 50% relative humidity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... were coated with thin, sooty, black deposits which appeared to be an iron oxide. Both tubes exhibited localized, periodic bulging with numerous circumferential, parallel cracks along the fireside ( Fig. 2 and 2 ). Associated with the fireside cracking were numerous secondary fissures and craze...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... Examination of the inner surface of the elbow revealed that it was covered with a crazed pattern of cracks. The pattern was not uniform, being barely visible in some areas and quite deep in others. The area immediately around the leak was severely cracked. Metallographic sections were prepared from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... of the cross sectional transition. No bend fractures could be expected at this place because the incipient cracks were located at the compression side of the shaft. The finish of the fillet was good. Grinding checks could again be observed at the side of the cam lobe, i.e. in the characteristic crazing pattern...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of Heliostat Facets , The ERDA Solar Thermal Projects Semiannual Review , 23–24 Aug 1977 ( Washington ), ERDA 20. Fractography and Atlas of Fractographs , Vol 9 , Metals Handbook , 8th ed. , American Society for Metals , 1974 , p 83 Plastic Deformation Crazing Fatigue Thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.../Intermetallics Selection of Metallurgical Samples Ceramic Materials<xref rid="a0006757-fn2" ref-type="fn">[2]</xref> Plastic Deformation Crazing Fatigue Thermal and Residual Stress Physical Aging Moisture-Related Degradation Photolytic Degradation Degradation from Organic Chemicals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... brittle fracture features without signs of significant microductility. Secondary crazing was also apparent at the crack origin location. A typical crack initiation site is shown in Fig. 1 . The overall features were suggestive of cracking caused by a relatively high strain rate event and/or very high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... can appear as discoloration, crazing, and softening to complete breakdown of the polymeric materials. The most common environments that cause degradation of polymers are ultraviolet radiation, industrial chemicals, humidity, ozone and oxygen, microorganisms, and temperature. A combination of two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was situated between the toilet wall and the pilot's seat. The backrest of the pilot's seat also had a hole pierced through it ( Fig. 2d ). In the passenger cabin, the plastic panel in front of the left front row of seats had a hole pierced through it ( Fig. 2e ), with distinct crazing. The cabin crew's...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to be the result of defective materials. The components examined were all within reasonable material tolerances. No evidence of defects was found, nor was there any of the usual evidence of rubber degradation: crazing, swelling, embrittlement, or softening. Caraful review of the installation history of the pumps...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 43 Die failure caused by severe wear. (a) Die made from air-hardening tool steel that exhibited a crazed and eroded condition. Areas A and B are shown in (b) and (c), respectively. Both 10×. (d) Microstructural examination of area B revealing a layer of as-quenched martensite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001709
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to relaxation of surface stresses. After a sufficient number of thermal cycles, a random or a crazed crack pattern appears on the surface. On repeated action, one or more of the surface fatigue cracks would propagate completely through the tube wall thickness. Hardness measurements have shown that the outside...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... #1, pin #2 showed that substantial abrasive wear and heat had affected the bearings causing them to mushroom, craze crack, and generally deteriorate. Abrasive wear was present on both sides indicating the bearings were spinning within the connecting rod end. In one set of bearings, a very deep groove...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... behavior. (c) Cold drawing behavior. (d) Rubbery behavior. Curve (a) could represent testing below the glass transition temperature. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 20 Craze formation in a polycarbonate polymer in tension under alcohol. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 22 Example of plastic deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of Engineering Plastics , Academic Press , 1980 30. Pulos G.C. and Knauss W.G. , Nonsteady Crack and Craze Behavior in PMMA Under Cyclical Loading , Int. J. Fract. , Vol 93 , 1998 , p 145 – 207 31. Stumpff P.L. , Fractography , Composites , Vol 21 , ASM Handbook , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... and Manson J.A. , Fatigue of Engineering Plastics , Academic Press , 1980 32. Pulos G.C. and Knauss W.G. , Nonsteady Crack and Craze Behavior in PMMA Under Cyclical Loading , Int. J. Fract. , Vol 93 , 1998 , p 145 – 207 10.1007/978-94-017-2854-6_8 33. Stumpff P.L...