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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... searching for material faults. Several examples of notch-induced vibrational fractures are presented along with guidelines for investigating their cause. Axles Bending fatigue Bolts Cams Crankshafts St 37 Fatigue fracture Vibrational fractures are cracks formed during often repeated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A 4340 steel piston engine crankshaft in a transport aircraft failed catastrophically during flight. The fracture occurred in the pin radius zone. Fractographic studies established the mode of failure as fatigue under a complex combination of bending and torsional stresses. SEM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Results of failure analyses of two aircraft crankshafts are described. These crankshafts were forged from AMS 6414 (similar composition to AISI 4340) vacuum arc remelted steels with sulfur contents of 0.003% (low sulfur) and 0.0005% (ultra-low sulfur). A grain boundary sulfide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract An investigation of a damaged crankshaft from a horizontal, six-cylinder, in-line diesel engine of a public bus was conducted after several failure cases were reported by the bus company. All crankshafts were made from forged and nitrided steel. Each crankshaft was sent for grinding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... arrangement is shown in Fig. 22 . Optical stereomicroscopy of the exemplar crankshaft fatigue fracture surface is shown in Fig. 23 and with high dynamic range in Fig. 24 . Both images illustrate the limited depth of field associated with stereomicroscopic images. Stereomicroscopic photography of a...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Characteristic X-pattern on the surface of a medium-carbon steel crankshaft tested under reversed torsional fatigue. Fatigue initiated on a transverse plane of maximum shear, then propagated on two pair of helical surfaces. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 17 Torsional fatigue failure of boron-containing alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... A broken crankshaft is an obvious failure. However, a specification that contains poorly written requirements that fail to properly discern intended performance criteria may go unnoticed for years. In some cases, the reason things go wrong can be traced back to the culture of a company. Human...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... plate specimen, as shown in Fig. 6 , may be seen if a slice running across from the fracture origin in Fig. 7 is considered. Fig. 5 Fatigue fracture surface appearance of a failed crankshaft, showing “beach marks” on the lower part. The origin of the primary fracture is indicated by the arrow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2