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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0090436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract Molded plastic couplings used in an industrial application exhibited abnormally brittle properties, as compared to previously produced components. The couplings were specified to be molded from a custom-compounded glass-filled nylon 6/12 resin. An inspection of the molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract Failures of various types of hydraulic couplings used to connect pipes in a naval vessel are described and used to illustrate some of the general procedures for failure analysis. Cracking of couplings, which were manufactured from nickel-aluminum- bronze extruded bar, occurred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract High-horsepower electric motors were utilized to drive large compressors (made of 4340 steel shafts and gear-type couplings) required in a manufacturing process. The load was transmitted by two keys 180 deg apart. Six of the eight compressor shafts were found cracked...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Several tin plated, low-alloy steel couplings designed to connect sections of 180 mm (7 in.) diam casing for application in a gas well fractured under normal operating conditions. The couplings were purchased to American Petroleum Institute (API) specifications for P-110...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Brass pipe couplings submitted for examination were deep-drawn from disks then annealed and subsequently cold threaded. Chemical analysis confirmed that the specified alloy Ms 63 was used for fabrication. Some of the pipe already showed fine cracks prior to their installation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract Leakage was identified around a coupling welded into a stainless steel holding tank that stored condensate water with low impurity content. The tank and fitting were manufactured from type 304 stainless steel. The coupling joint consisted of an internal groove weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... coupling of an engine is composed of the housing and head, the seal, and the screws and washers. One of the most vital elements of the coupling, the screws contribute a great deal to the wear resistance and reliability of the seal. 1 In this paper, a failed screw from the seal coupling of a 1.8 liter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract A 25 mm (1 in.) copper coupling had been uniformly degraded around most of the circumference of the bell and partially on the spigot end. One penetration finally occurred through the thinned area on the spigot end of the pipe. Investigation supported the conclusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract During a routine start-up exercise of a standby service water pump, a threaded coupling that joined sections of a 41.5 ft (12.7 m) long pump shaft experienced fracture. The pump was taken out of service and examined to determine the cause of fracture. It was apparent early...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract An integral coupling and gear (Cr-Mo steel), used on a turbine-driven main boiler-feed pump, was removed from service after one year of operation because of excessive vibration. Spectrographic analysis and metallographic examination revealed the fact that gritty material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A coupling in a line-shaft vertical turbine pump installed in a dam foundation fractured after a very short time. The coupling material was ASTM A582 416 martensitic stainless steel. Visual, macrofractographic, and scanning electron microscopic examination of the coupling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A trunnion bolt that was part of a coupling in a metropolitan railway system failed in service, causing cars to separate. The bolt had been in service for more than ten years prior to failure. Visual examination showed that the failure resulted from complete fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Six ASTM A-574 steel cap screws from a hydraulic coupling failed after 3 months in service. The screws were replacements for smaller-diameter cap screws that had been installed during an outage. Six new cap screws were examined along with the failed screws. Eight fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001167
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract Visual examination, optical and scanning electron microscopy were used to determine the cause of failure in the connector groove of a marine riser coupling. The specified steel was AISI 4142 (0.40 to 0.45% C; 0.75 to 1.00% Mn; 0.20 to 0.35% Si; 0.80 to 1.10% Cr; 0.15 to 0.25...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract During a routine inspection, cracks were discovered in several aluminum alloy (similar to either 2014 or 2017) coupling nuts on the fuel lines of a missile. The fuel lines had been exposed to a marine atmosphere for six months while the missile stood on an outdoor test stand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract A pinion gear made of AMS 6470 steel, nitrided all over, lost internal splined teeth due to wear. Spline failure of the power turbine gear caused an engine overspeed and disintegration. Excessive spline wear resulted from a new coupling being mated during overhaul with a worn...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... or depressions disposed in an annular manner. When sectioned, the nuts showed a surprising method of construction. The nuts for the bolts had been made by using conventional pipe couplings inserted into sleeves made from hexagonal bar and the coupling secured to the sleeve by welding at each outer face. The ends...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0092155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... and the adjacent splined coupling sleeve. Specifications included that the gear and coupling be made from 4140 steel bar oil quenched and tempered to a hardness of 265 to 290 HB (equivalent to 27 to 31 HRC) and that the finish-machined parts be single-stage gas nitrided to produce a total case depth of 0.5 mm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , with permission from Elsevier Fig. 8 Example bithermal fatigue thermomechanical fatigue waveforms. (a) Bithermal fatigue waveform employed during laboratory testing. Image (a) adapted from Ref 6 , with permission from Elsevier. (b) Coupled high-cycle fatigue and bithermal fatigue waveform Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., nondestructive testing, energy dispersive x-ray analysis, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The tube was made from SA 210A1 carbon steel that had been compromised by wall thinning and the accumulation of fire and water-side scale deposits. Investigators determined that the tube failed due...