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Copper pipe

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A welded joint between lengths of 4 in. OD x 13 SWG copper pipe which formed part of a cold-water main failed by cracking over one-third of the circumference. Microscopic examination of the filler metal showed that it had a structure corresponding to a brass of the 60:40 type commonly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract A 25 mm (1 in.) copper coupling had been uniformly degraded around most of the circumference of the bell and partially on the spigot end. One penetration finally occurred through the thinned area on the spigot end of the pipe. Investigation supported the conclusion that although...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract In a copper hot water system, a bent pipe was soldered into a straight pipe with twice the diameter. The neighborhood of the soldered joint was covered with corrosion product predominantly blue-green in color, presumably carbonates. When these corrosion products were scratched off...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Copper piping in a closed-loop water heater system was found to be corroded with MIC and erosion of the weak oxide layer. Investigation (visual inspection, bacterial corrosion cultures, and 20x/400x micrographs) supported the conclusion that the corrosion was caused by microbiological...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of five case histories on the failure of copper and steels as used in potable and non-potable water systems. The case histories cover a range of applications in which copper and steel products have been used. Copper and steel pipes are the two most commonly used materials in residential, commercial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001698
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract A residential subdivision near Tampa, FL was constructed in 1984 through 1985. Several sections of copper pipe were removed from one residence that had reported severe leaking. Visual examination revealed extensive pitting corrosion throughout the ID surfaces of the sample. Microscopic...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Micrograph of 19 mm (0.75 in.) copper piping in a closed-loop water system with MIC and erosion of the weak oxide layer. 20×. Courtesy of MDE Engineers, Inc. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract Soft-soldered copper pipe joints used in refrigerating plants failed. The solder had not adhered uniformly to the pipe surface. In addition, there were some longitudinal grooves on the pipe surfaces, parts of which were not filled with solder. The unsoldered areas formed cavities...
Image
Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 9 Golden-yellow color copper-alloy streaks on pipe OD surface More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... consistent with MIC. The large amount of copper found on the ID surface, and in some of the deposits in these tubes, indicated that other equipment in the water system was also corroding, perhaps copper piping. This evidence indicated that corrosive conditions existed throughout the system...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Induction coil of copper Fig. 10 Cu-alloy plates in wear condition at JCO mill Fig. 9 Golden-yellow color copper-alloy streaks on pipe OD surface Fig. 11 Hard lubricated teflon pads Fig. 1 Crack photos observed on the extrados portion of the bend Abstract...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract A T-piece from a copper hot water system failed. Microscopic examination of a polished section revealed a main crack and branching transcrystalline cracks running from the outer surface of the pipe into the pipe wall. The crack appearance indicated disintegration by stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... quality-control personnel per ASTM A380, “The Copper Sulfate Test” (section 7.2.5.3). No hardness or tensile specifications were cited. Specimen Selection Several pipe flange assemblies were submitted for analysis—both unused and used, and both old and new. Visual Examination of General Physical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... be seen immediately after etching with copper ammonium chloride solution according to the Heyn method, that the weld-jointed conduit pipes consisted of different materials ( Fig. 2 ). While the uncracked pipe showed the light etch shading of a low-carbon steel in which the zone heated during welding...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ) and a chelating water-treating chemical Example 3: Uniform Corrosion of a Copper Pipe Coupling The 25 mm (1 in.) copper coupling shown in Fig. 10 has been uniformly degraded around most of the circumference of the bell and partially on the spigot end. One penetration finally occurred through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001700
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... and microscopic analysis revealed several large and small well rounded corrosion pits present at the inner diametral surfaces. The cause of corrosion was attributed to corrosive waters that were not only corroding the copper, but were corroding steel pipes upstream from the tubing. Grinding mills Heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... station condenser tubing cooled by seawater for two copper alloys, an aluminum brass alloyed with arsenic (UNS C68700, ASTM B111, or Cu-Zn-20Al DIN17660), and a cupronickel 70-30 alloy with iron added (C71500, ASTM B111, or Cu-Ni-30Fe DIN17665)) supported the conclusion that the failure was caused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... The process of predicting galvanic corrosion from polarization behavior can be illustrated by the example of a steel-copper system. Steel has the more negative corrosion potential and will therefore suffer increased corrosion upon coupling to copper, but the amount of this corrosion must be predicted from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... Recommendations The piping required replacement with a more corrosion-resistant material. Corrosion By-Products Copper alloys with a copper content greater than 85% are resistant to dezincification. Copper alloys such as red brass (UNS C23000), inhibited Admiralty brass (UNS C44300), and arsenical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... failures. aluminum copper corrosion prevention corrosion-resistant alloys failure analysis heat exchangers microbiologically influenced corrosion microorganisms piping steel tanks MECHANISMS OF MICROBIOLOGICALLY influenced corrosion (MIC) is the focus of this article as a basis...