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Concrete construction

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract During the construction of a prestressed concrete viaduct, several 12.2 mm diam wires ruptured after tensioning but before the channels were grouted. They were made of heat treated prestressed concrete steel St 145/160. While the wire bundles, each containing over 100 wires, were being...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0007736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in the concrete. Chlorides Concrete construction Reinforcing steels Wire Steel wire Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Pitting corrosion Single 6.4-mm (0.25-in) posttensioning wires failed in a parking garage in the southern portion of the United States. A typical anchorage with a broken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... have been eliminated if a killed steel of quality groups 2 or 3 according to DIN 17 100 had been used. Bars Concrete construction Cracking (fracturing) Steelmaking St 34 (Other, general, or unspecified) processing-related failures In a concrete structure a ceiling was hung on flat bars...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A special eyebolt was used to lift prefabricated concrete panels weighing approximately 16 cwt. Two eyebolts were used with a spreader bar to give a vertical lift on each eyebolt. Following failure of one eyebolt, which resulted in dropping of the load and subsequent failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in) thick (equivalent to about 0.8 mm ( 1 32 in) loss of metal); steel rocker assemblies badly rusted. September 1969 - first repairs; damaged concrete removed, steel rebar sandblasted; some rebar primed with epoxy; other rebar coated with inorganic zinc coating; patch constructed; patch...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... installed on a group of recently constructed two-story commercial buildings. Glass spandrel panels are an architectural feature, used in this case to cover the exterior surface of concrete wall panels. The construction behind a glass spandrel panel is shown in Fig. 1 . The aluminum frame supporting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... bar. Chlorides Reinforced concrete Reinforcement bars Zinc coatings Steel reinforcing bar Corrosion fatigue Introduction In a properly designed, constructed, and used structure, there should be no problem of steel corrosion in concrete during the design life. Such protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... plates during annual NBIS inspections and during several load-capacity calculations over the life of the bridge. On the afternoon of the collapse, an estimated 323,000 kg (712,000 lb) of construction equipment and construction aggregates (cement, water, sand, and gravel for making concrete) were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with gloves, due to “fish-hooked” braid wires, or wires from the braid that had broken due to manipulation and dragging on concrete during hose use. On-Site Examination The hoses used for chemical transport were suspended from a structure in a manner similar to hoses at common gas stations. When...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract While a tower crane was slewing with a full load of concrete at an 80 ft radius, the operator applied the emergency brake to avert collision with another crane. One of the main square tubular uprights split over a short distance and a number of the adjacent bracings had broken away...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... weeks after collapse of the silo, and at that time cracking associated with bolt holes was found in the two other storage bins of similar construction located at the site. A survey of the concrete pad after the debris was removed indicated that the pad was not level and that not all stiffeners were...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and corrosion of reinforcing steel. Much of the existing infrastructure, both of steel and reinforced concrete construction, can be internally lined or externally coated to prevent deterioration. Linings can be used to control corrosion of the structure as well as provide structural integrity where leaks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... inspection of construction cranes every six months or at every re-erection. The following cases, which have been investigated by the authors, deal briefly with failures of cranes and their components. In all instances, the presence of fatigue cracks at least contributed to the failure. In most instances...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to fasten chemical plant equipment to concrete foundations. Such applications commonly do not require axial loading of the bolts beyond their initial tightening torque load. The bolts often serve only to ensure the position of the equipment. Circumstances Leading to Failure During a construction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...-plus years since operations began at SRS. Each primary tank sits in a secondary tank or pan that is surrounded by reinforced concrete. The concrete, except for the tank top, is surrounded by dirt so that the tank is essentially a buried structure. The early type I and II tanks experience nitrate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A catastrophic brittle fracture occurred in a welded steel (ASTM A517 grade H) trapezoidal cross-section box girder while the concrete deck of a large bridge was being poured. The failure occurred across the full width of a 57 mm (2 1 4 in.) thick, 760 mm (30 in.) wide flange...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., “Specification for Welding Earthmoving and Construction Equipment.” Fig. 5 Cross member welding diagram showing fillet-welded diaphragm. Performance of other Parts in Same or Similar Service Because this was a newly designed vehicle that required severe service capabilities, no prior service...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a connection. A connection is a combination of structural elements and joints used to transmit forces between two or more members ( Ref 3 ). While welding is used to overlay material and to repair cracks, most manufacturing and construction operations use welding to make connections that are used to transmit...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... input, and high-resolution instrument. IR systems are sensitive to surface emissivity. Rapid examination of large areas. Can be adapted to production inspections Circuit board solder joints, solar cells, heat-transfer equipment, metals, composites, concrete Sonic IR/vibro-thermography, inductive IR...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... A review of failure evidence against new construction codes may reveal design flaws that contributed to the failure. Internal written procedures designed to meet the mechanical integrity requirements of OSHA 1910.119 and other regulatory requirements should be followed. Examples of mechanical integrity...