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Compressor blades

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract The cause of low fatigue life measurements obtained during routine fatigue testing of IMI 550 titanium alloy compressor blades used in the first stage of the high-pressure compressor of an aeroengine was investigated. The origin of the fatigue cracks was associated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Rotor blades in the compressor section of a J79 engine had failed. Optical, stereoscopic, microhardness testing, and SEM examinations were conducted to determine the cause. The blades were made of STS403 and were used uncoated. They were damaged over an extensive area, from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of compressor and turbine blades ( Ref 1 ). Creep failure of turbine blades, mostly related to issues with cooling, was found to be the second-most costly damage mode. The failure of rotating components tends to be more costly because their significant kinetic energy results in greater collateral damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001576
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... caused blade failure. Air compressors Burrs Fan blades Stress concentration Cold-rolled steel Fatigue fracture Overview of Blade Failure Fracture Surface Materials of Blade Shape of Stress Concentrating Section Fracture Crack Propagation Fatigue Crack Starting Test...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... metallurgical approach to failure analysis to confirm that the cracking was caused by a caustic stress-corrosion cracking mechanism is presented. Caustic cracking Chemical processing equipment Compressor blades Sodium hydroxide, environment 4320 UNS G43200 Stress-corrosion cracking Background...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Numerous cracks observed on the surface of a forged A470 Class 4 alloy steel steam turbine rotor disc from an air compressor in a nitric acid plant were found to be the result of caustic induced stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). No material defects or anomalies were observed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001470
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract One 49-in. impeller of a two-stage centrifugal air compressor disrupted without warning, causing extensive damage to the casings, the second impeller, and the driving gear box. Prior to the mishap, the machine had run normally, with no indications of abnormal vibration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... corresponds to the high-pressure (HP) turbine blades of a low bypass turbofan engine with afterburner. It is a twin spool engine of 40-kN thrust class with multistage axial fan and compressor each driven separately by single stage turbines. It has an annular type combustion system incorporating duplex...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... an austenitic filler metal because of the difference in coefficients of thermal expansion between the weld metal and base metal when the compressor is operating. The compressor is part of the combustion system in the gas turbine. It compresses air between the rotating blades and the stationary diaphragms...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the situation and the risk associated with additional failures. In most cases, one desires to identify root causes that are reasonably correctable. An example of the variety of possible root causes of an electric motor driven compressor assembly is provided in Table 3 ( Ref 22 ). Possible causes of electric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that causes “g” forces that are outside of the operating envelope of the aircraft. Another example is inlet-flow blockage on a high-performance air compressor resulting in excessive cyclic loads applied to the blades, causing blade ( Fig. 21 , 22 ) and drive shaft ( Fig. 23 ) failures. Failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... , 1996, and “ Evaluating Corrosion Fatigue ” in Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Volume 13A of ASM Handbook , 2003. Two aircraft engine compressor rotors sustained damage during operation. Blades from both rotors were found sheared off, and several blades were lifted from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Several compressor disks in military fighter and trainer aircraft gas turbine engines cracked prematurely in the bolt hole regions. The disks were made of precipitation-hardened AM355 martensitic stainless steel. Experimental and analytical work was performed on specimens from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 559 – 586 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537 Part I—Special Cases Part II—Turbines, Pumps, and Compressors Part III—Fans and Motors Case #1: Vibration in Hydroelectric Dam Case #2: Vibration of Steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the accident was fatigue failure of a retaining ring located in the third-stage compressor of the turbine engine. 1 The ring was meant to keep the compressor blades from sliding along the axis of the engine. The metallographic and spectrochemical investigations of the ring material revealed material defects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract An A-470 steel rotor disk was removed from the high-pressure portion of a steam turbine-powered compressor after nondestructive testing revealed cracks in the shoulder of the disk during a scheduled outage. Samples containing cracks were examined using various methods...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract An 18-MW gas turbine exploded unexpectedly after three hours of normal operation. The catastrophic failure caused extensive damage to the rotor, casing, and nearly all turbo-compressor components. Based on their initial review, investigators believed that the failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...” rotor as shown in Fig. 5 . Work cannot be extracted from a “corn-cobbed” HP turbine rotor to help turn the HP compressor rotor (the two are connected by a shaft) with the typical result being an engine shutdown. The ability to establish at least a partial root cause for the airfoil separation during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Vibration and Failures in Gas Turbines, Part B: Compressor and Turbine Airfoil Distress ,” Paper 95-GT-419, American Society of Mechanical Engineers , New York , 1995 10.1115/95-GT-419 95. Kolagar A.M. , Tabrizi N. , Cheraghzadeh M. , and Shahriaari M.S. , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to be occurring in the HPT section. Damage of this type had not been seen before in this engine. The compressor section of the engine was washed on-line with water every day. Every other day, a chemical wash solution was added to the water. The chemical wash was followed by a plain-water rinse. The water wash...