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Combustion chambers

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Pinhole defects were found in a main combustion chamber made from NARloy-Z after an unexpectedly short time in service. Analysis indicated that the throat section of the liner had been exposed to very severe environmental conditions of high temperature and high oxygen content...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Equipment in which an assembly of in-line cylindrical components rotated in water at 1040 rpm displayed excessive vibration after less than one hour of operation. The malfunction was traced to an aluminum alloy 6061-T6 combustion chamber that was part of the rotating assembly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract The case and stiffener of an inner-combustion-chamber case assembly failed by completely fracturing circumferentially around the edge of a groove arc weld joining the case and stiffener to the flange. The assembly consisted of a cylindrical stiffener inserted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... the brittle intergranular phase, resulting in failure by brittle fracture at low impact loads during handling and storage. Recommendation included manufacture of the pipe with aluminized instead of galvanized steel sheet for the combustion chamber. Galvanized steels Heating equipment Intermetallic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A backwell tube situated in the combustion chamber of a 100 atm boiler, which had been in service for many years, failed. The temperature of the saturated steam was about 300 deg C. Two pipe sections with attacked areas in the circumferential welding joint were examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., refractory-lined combustion chamber and a lower water quench chamber. The gasifier feed is a high concentration water slurry of petroleum coke containing minor additives. This slurry is injected into the top of the gasifier where it reacts with oxygen at high pressure and temperature, producing synthesis gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... both combustion products from the cartridges and corrosion products from the chamber, were analyzed using elemental analysis and x-ray diffraction techniques. Electrochemical polarization techniques were also utilized to estimate corrosion rates. Aerospace engines Aircraft components Breech...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the most important components in engines which are exposed to thermo-mechanical cyclic loads from the combustion chamber (thermal stresses) and bolts (mechanical stresses). Owing to these loads, the important parameter in the design of cylinder heads is known as thermo-mechanical fatigue strength. Also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... At the bottom the shell is connected to a horizontal combustion chamber where hydrocarbon is combusted with air to form a flue gas of 1250 °C (2280 °F). This flue gas flows into the reformer shell and passes through the annular channel between the flue gas tube and the reformer tube to the flue gas outlet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... as a first step in the investigation. No abnormalities were noticed in fan, compressor, and combustion chamber. Heavy damage was noticed on all the outer platform of HP NGVs. One of HP turbine blades (HPTB 1) was found broken from the dovetail of the blade. The broken portion of the turbine blade could...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... There is no continuous flow within this volume and after pressurization it acts as a dead air space or thermal barrier to prevent excessive temperatures from occurring on the external surface of the dome. Cartridge combustion products can deposit between the heat shields and the chamber dome making cleaning and removal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... present to the gas a surface area considerably greater than that of a homogeneous material. Chlorine gas Combustion Compressors Corrosion environments Ignition Lubrication Piston rods Fe-0.35C (Other, general, or unspecified) corrosion It is known that under suitable conditions iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The discussion covers the operating principles, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of optical emission spectroscopy (OES), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), X-ray spectroscopy, and ion chromatography (IC). In addition, information on combustion analysis and inert gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., CA. in accordance with previously successful procedures. The combustion chamber assembly proof pressure testing is conducted upon completion of the manufacturing operations. A. Proof Test B. Post Test Evaluation C. Nozzle Insulation Manufacturing History A failure analysis team...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in a Simulated Gas Turbine Combustion Environment , Advanced Materials and Coatings for Combustion Turbines , Swaminathan V.P. and Cheruvu N.S. , Ed., ASM International , 1994 , p 113 22. Swaminathan V.P. and Lukezich S.J. , Degradation of Transition Duct Alloys in Gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of On-load Waterside Corrosion in Power Boilers,” Combustion , vol. 50 , No. 2 , 1978 , p 29 – 37 . 2. Metals Handbook , Vol. 10 : Failure Analysis and Prevention , 8th ed. , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, OH , 1975 , p 93 . 3. Ibid. , p 236 . 4. Ingel I...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... nozzles Casting alloys Coal gasification Co-29Cr-19Fe High-temperature corrosion and oxidation In some coal gasification processes [ 1 ], the reactor burner nozzle is a crucial component. Through it coal slurry and oxygen are injected into the reaction chamber where they react exothermically...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... at least 1.6 mm ( 1 16 in.) thick. Thinner material may burn through during the test, and a smaller flat area will not properly seal the vacuum chamber where the emitted light waves are analyzed. A common requirement for a glow discharge spectrophotometer (GDS) is a 13 mm ( 1 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., cases of component melting have been a result of process upsets related to combustion and cooling systems. The combustion system is designed to produce a flame of a particular size, location, and temperature distribution. Several factors, including the composition of the fuel, geometry/degradation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., or 0.237 in., wall thickness) pipe of ASTM A213, grade T11 (1.25Cr-0.5Mo) ferritic steel. The unit operated at 2410 kPa (350 psi), with a hydrocarbon feed stream (85% propylene) entering at 260 to 290 °C (500 to 550 °F) and leaving at 425 to 480 °C (800 to 900 °F). The temperature of the combustion gas...