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Cold-drawn high-carbon steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., Materials substitution Cold-drawn high-carbon steel Gross yielding The engine of an automobile lost power and compression and emitted an uneven exhaust sound after several thousand miles of operation. When the engine was dismantled, it was found that the outer spring on one of the exhaust valves...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract The springs formed from 3.8 mm diam cold-drawn carbon steel wire failed to comply with load-test requirements. A split wire in the spring was revealed by investigation. A smooth heat-tinted longitudinal zone was observed in the fracture. It was concluded that the spring failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... often in wires which are metallurgically or chemically out of specification. Figure 6 shows a type of torsion failure which commonly occurs in production during stranding or bunching of cold-drawn, high carbon steel filaments. As in laboratory ductile torsion failures, the outer periphery sheared...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., shown in Table 4 , demonstrate that the short time exposures at 650 °C caused recrystallization of the cold worked steel. 650 °C tensile test results Table 4 650 °C tensile test results Alloy and condition 0.2% YS MPa (ksi) TS MPa (ksi) 304 cold-drawn 58 (8.4) 495 (72) 304...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... pearlitic structure in the longitudinal sections of two Z-profile wires at regions significantly away from the fracture ends. 500× The formation of surface martensite during cold drawing of high-carbon steel wire is reported to be caused by inadequate lubrication, improper die profile, and excessive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0065826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The wires used in a wet precipitator for cleaning the gases coming off a basic oxygen furnace failed. The system consisted of six precipitators, three separate dual units, each composed of four zones. Each zone contained rows of wires (cold drawn AISI 1008 carbon steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of sheaves and drums, conditions producing corrosion and abrasion, and length of rope. Cold-drawn high-carbon steel wire, the type generally used in wire rope, has a modulus of elasticity of approximately 1.93 to 1.99 × 10 5 MPa (28,000 to 29,000 ksi). Modulus of elasticity is the measure of the degree...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and original beam dimensions, divided by yield strength. Fig. 6 Valve springs made from patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire. Distorted outer spring (a) exhibited approximately 25% set because of proeutectoid ferrite in the microstructure and high operating temperature. Outer spring (b...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the microstructure indicated that the material was patented and cold-drawn high-carbon steel wire. The distorted spring had a hardness of 43 HRC, and the longer spring had a hardness of 46 HRC. Both hardness and microstructure indicated that the material in the deformed spring had 10% lower yield strength than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... [ 1 , 2 ]. The tensile strength of individual rope wires is largely dependent on three factors: composition, patenting methods, and amount of cold work [ 1 ]. Generally high-carbon steel wires (C ~ 0.45–0.85 wt.%) are used for rope making because of their high strength [ 1 , 2 ]. Qualities...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to resist pitting corrosion became an important consideration. Data on the properties of cold-worked type 316 stainless steel cold-drawn wire ( Table 2 ) show that the hardness for the “ 3 4 hard” condition and a diameter of 2.6 mm(0.1 in.) should be 29 to 32 HRC. This should be close...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., number and arrangement of sheaves and drums, conditions producing corrosion and abrasion, and length of rope. Cold-drawn high-carbon steel wire, the type generally used in wire rope, has a modulus of elasticity of approximately 1.93 to 1.99 × 10 5 MPa (28,000 to 29,000 ksi). Modulus of elasticity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... As with all engineering materials, the physical and mechanical properties of steel rope wires are a function of the microstructure, which is a function of processing. Rope wires are very heavily drawn, with severely cold-worked microstructures. The typical longitudinal and transverse microstructures of a high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with cold-drawn music wire. In music wire the ferrite grains and pearlite colonies are severely deformed, and any prior austenite grain boundaries are destroyed during the drawing operation. Indeed, longitudinal metallographic sections of the wires revealed highly deformed ferrite and pearlite, the normal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... only be concluded from the investigation that the temperature did not exceed the Ac3 point of the wire material, which should be about 750 deg C, and that the heating lasted a fairly long time. Cables Cracking (fracturing) Galvanized steels Overheating Wire Cold-drawn steel (Other, general...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... hydraulic hoses), the wire reinforcing strands were a medium-carbon steel in the cold drawn condition. Radiographic nondestructive testing (NDT) was recommended to determine when a hydraulic hose should be replaced. Hydraulic hoses Wire reinforcement Carbon steel Ductile fracture Crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of divorced cementite in the grain boundaries of low-carbon steel after cold working. Similar arguments can be used to predict initiation sites for various kinds of bending loading and torsion loading. For example, for a three-point loaded beam, cracking is expected to initiate at the location of maximum...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and a charge was placed across plates and wires. The first zone of each scrubber used barbed wire, and the other three zones used cold-drawn 1008 carbon steel wire. Each was about 3 mm (0.12 in.) in diameter by about 5 m (16 ft) in length and was held taunt with a 7 kg (15 lb) bottle-shaped weight...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was a nominal 0.2% carbon steel having an abnormally high nitrogen content (0.018 to 0.02%), a low aluminum content (0.005%), and a manganese content of approximately 0.8%. Mechanical Properties Hardness Tensile Properties Impact Toughness Stress Analysis Considerable effort was made...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... these methods of producing high-quality steel, problems sometimes arise, particularly if there are no methods available for continuously monitoring metal quality. Hydrogen flaking also is a potential problem for carbon tool steels and for some of the medium-carbon low-alloy steels, such as those used...