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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... ultrasonic examination of all Yankee dryers of the same type was recommended to look for cracking at the edge of the shell. Modification of the head-to-shell joint was recommended as well. Bolted joints Shells (structural forms) Class 60 Corrosion fatigue Selected Reference...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... is known to be the main cause for life extinction in this class of equipment ( 2 ), whose useful lives may vary from 30,000 to 150,000 h. Creep damage assessment is based on the detection of damage centers in the form of apparent voids distributed along grain boundaries perpendicular to the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... chloride environments, and thus are not recommended for use in marine applications ( 3 ). The stud hardness was 98 Rockwell B. The standard specification for stainless steel metric studs is ASTM F738M, and this particular sample would be designated Property Class F1-60 Condition CW, which refers to studs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... extensive areas of the casting Corner scab A 226 (a) Projections with rough surfaces in an area formed by a core Broken or crushed core Cavities B 100: Cavities with generally rounded, smooth walls perceptible to the naked eye (blowholes, pinholes) B 110: Class B 100...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... extensive use of the British critical flaw document PD 6493 ( 2 ) and yielded critical flaw sizes for vessels in a range of stresses and temperatures from operational (−60°C) to ambient (+25°C). The critical opening displacement (COD) fractured toughness (for the particular 10 mm thick steel plate) was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... “Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels” , American Bureau of Shipping , 1981 . 10. “Guide for Steel Hull Welding” , Document D35–76, American Welding Society , 1976 . 11. Burdekin F.M. , “Lamellar Tearing in Bridge Girders A Case History” , Metal Construction and British...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... port during the evening of the first day. Because the RMS Titanic was too long for the dock, the passengers and mail were transferred from the dock to the ship by the two White Star Line tenders, the SS Nomadic and the SS Traffic. Many of the first class passengers came on board at Cherbourg after...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the high-temperature degradation were also analyzed and are discussed. pressure vessel fracture overtemperature steel bulging rupture x-ray diffraction analysis fracture toughness SA387 grade 11 class 2 (1.25Cr-0.5Mo chromium-molybdenum alloy steel) ASTM B424 (Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was revised from A-296-CA-40, a cast material, to an ASTM A182-82 Grade F6a (Nuclear Class 4), which is a forging and has proven operating history for end fittings of CANDU reactors. Thus, the possibility of defects arising from a casting is eliminated. The heat treatment procedure was very closely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Erlich H.L. : Geomicrobiology: its significance for geology . Earth Sci. Rev 45 , 45 – 60 ( 1998 ) 10.1016/S0012-8252(98)00034-8 3. Kile D.E. , Eberl D.D. , Hoch A.R.V. , Reddy M.M. : An assessment of calcite crystal growth mechanisms based on crystal size...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... polymers unidirectional FRP composites wear performance REINFORCED POLYMERS are used extensively in applications where resistance to adhesive and abrasive wear failure is important for materials selection. Polymers form a special class of materials because of their self-lubricity, which allows them...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... properties could not be obtained except within narrow classes of materials with similar structure ( Ref 5 ). Therefore, equipment builders have relied on empirical comparisons of erosion resistance, such as that compiled by Heymann (Fig. 13 in Ref 2 ) for all types of liquid impact. Fig. 12...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., from ground zero to approximately 195 m (640 ft) away; see Fig. 2 . Approximately 60 major fragments as large as 5227 kg (11,500 Ib) were ejected from the tank car. At the time of tank breach, a vapor space at the top of the car occupied approximately 20% of the tank volume (approximately 24.9 m 3 or...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Precipitation hardening stainless steels (PHSS) form a class of materials that possesses an interesting property. These stainless steels can develop high strengths without the loss of ductility and corrosion resistance that is associated with steels of comparable strength levels ( Ref. 1 ). The high strengths...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... which medium carbon steel would offer some level of protection over low carbon grades. New York Navy Yard correspondence, however, does not identify galvanized sheet steel, class 106, as being a medium carbon grade ( 10 ). Fig. 9 Boat deck locker sample WB3, longitudinal galvanized section, 450...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001471
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... satisfactorily to an angle of 75°, fracture then occurring in a brittle manner. Two test pieces cut from the body of the hook were also heat-treated, notched and tested by slow bending; one, normalised at 875°C. for one hour, fractured in a brittle manner at a bend angle of 60° and the other, annealed at 650° C...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... sectioning plane with respect to the fracture surface, it is possible to generate horizontal ( Ref 8 , 58 , 59 ), slanted ( Ref 60 ), conical ( Ref 61 ), and vertical section ( Ref 17 , 18 , 21 , 22 ) fracture profiles. The vertical section fracture profiles are most widely used as they are easy to...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...-Load Crack Growth in an Aluminium-Silicon Bronze Alloy,” Fracture Control of Engineering Structures , ECF 6, Van Elst H.C. and Bakker A. , Ed., EMAS , Amsterdam , 1986 , pp. 1851 – 60 . 15. Price J.W.H. , Ibrahim R.N. , and Ischko D. : “Sustained-Load Crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... depending on the type, the low-alloying elements of niobium, vanadium, and titanium in the 0.005 to 0.15 wt% range ( Ref 3 , 4 ). While the tensile strength of A36 is specified to be between 58 and 80 ksi (400 and 550 MPa), HSLAs have specified tensile strength between 60 and 80 ksi minimum (415 and 550...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1