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Chromium-nickel steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the austenite, and therefore with increasing nickel content. Austenitic chromium-manganese steels and ferritic chromium steels are considerably more resistant. As a rule, however, these steels are unsuitable as replacement because of their greater sensitivity to pitting. Specifically effective corrosive media...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...; the latter causes flake-like spalling. Measures to prevent SCC include stress reduction, use of austenitic steels or nickel alloys not susceptible to grain boundary attack, use of ferritic chromium steels, surface slag removal, control of temperature and chloride concentration, and cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A corrosion resistant chromium nickel steel (X 2 Cr-Ni-Mo 18 10) worm drive used in a chemical plant at 80 deg C and 100 to 200 atm pressure to transport media containing chloride failed during normal operation. Visual inspections showed that the entire surface of the gear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The corner of a welded sheet construction made from austenitic corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel steel showed corrosive attack of the outer sheet. This attack was most severe at the points subjected to the greatest heat during welding. Particularly large amounts of weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., and Inco alloy C-276) were placed directly in the hot gas stream, containing HCl and Cl2, for in situ testing. Results of this investigation showed that nickel-chromium corrosion-resistant alloys, such as Inconel 600, Inconel 625, and Inco alloy C-276, performed well in this environment. Laboratory testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... temperature reached 1150 deg C. This type of selective oxidation at which the easily oxidized chromium burns, while the nickel is not attacked, is caused by mildly oxidizing gases and is sometimes designated as green rot. Under these conditions, chromium-containing steels and alloys whose oxidation resistance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., and nickel. The iron, chromium, and nickel are likely in the form of dissolution products from the pickling solution. FTIR analysis revealed the presence of polypropylene and poly(ethylene:propylene). The EDS results showed that the discoloration of the tube was associated with oxidation products of the tube...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001744
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Aircraft components Airplane engines Axles Fittings Repair welding Welding defects Chromium-nickel steel Brittle fracture Joining-related failures Two examples of brittle fracture promoted by small fatigue cracks due to welding deficiencies illustrate weld failures. Other parts involving...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... it is possible to crack hardened type 440C during the chromium plating process. An inspection for pitting on the bearing inner diam was also recommended. It was suggested that electroless nickel be used as a coating for the entire bearing. A review of the chromium plating and baking sequence was recommended also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... itself almost 50 years ago when welded austenitic chromium-nickel 18/8 type steels were employed in even mildly corrosive environments. The corrosion that developed led to rapid disintegration of the metal in those areas, adjacent to weld runs, which were heated to within this temperature range during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... because of the load dependence, but may be compared with each other: Spectroscopic examination revealed that the slivers consisted of a chromium-molybdenum-vanadium steel with minor (unintentional) additions of copper, nickel, and cobalt. Microanalysis after dissolution of the alumimum-containing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract High-chromium steel pipes 42.25 x 3.25 mm from a blast furnace gas fired recuperator for the preheating of air were heavily oxidized and perforated in places. It was found that the blast furnace gas had a high sulfur content. Both the carburization and the formation of sulfide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Gear teeth 9310 UNS G93106 Fatigue fracture Background Two adjacent teeth from a carburized AISI 9310 steel spiral bevel gear experienced fatigue failure, which initiated in a chromium-and nickel-depleted region. Applications The power from the helicopter engine is transmitted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... it to be an austenitic nickel-chromium stainless steel, stabilized by titanium and of the free machining type. Multiple transgranular cracking characteristic of failure from stress-corrosion cracking, was present to an extensive degree. It was considered probable that there had been slight leakage of water from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... with explosive violence. The tube approximately 30 ft. long by 6 in. diam, was constructed of three spun cast sections butt welded together. The material specified for tubes for this service was basically a 25% chromium, 20% nickel, cast stainless steel containing 0.4% carbon to optimize creep resistance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to chloride SCC, such as a ferritic steel (AL 29-4), a duplex steel (AL 2205), or a super stainless steel (AL 6XN). References References 1. Standard Specification for Stainless Steel and Heat Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate , Sheet and Strip, ASTM A-167 2. Davison R.M...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... temperatures of 750 to 1200 °C (1400 to 2200 °F). Manganese, silicon, and aluminum additions improve the resistance of nickel alloys to sulfur attack ( Ref 21 ). Scaling rates of high-temperature stainless steels are higher in dry sulfur dioxide environments than in air, due to the formation of chromium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in Table 1 . Composition of weld metal Table 1 Composition of weld metal Element Composition, % Section 1, near weld metal surface Section 2, near weld metal surface Proprietary Filler Metal Iron 52 40 1.0 Nickel 35 44 72.0 Chromium 9 11 20.0 Niobium 2 2 2.5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001705
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., [ 14 ]. Furthermore, high nickel-chromium alloys (such as Inconel) show poor resistance to liquid tin at 300 and 600°C. Nickel-chromium steels suffer rupture failures when stressed in contact with lead and tin, [ 15 ]. Inconel should not be used in continuous contact with various molten metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Clearly, this stainless steel sample has a very poor chromium-to-iron ratio. Well-passivated stainless steel contains a thin chromium oxide layer as the outermost surface, protecting the underlying metallic chromium, iron, and nickel from becoming oxidized. If the chromium oxide surface layer...