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Chromium-molybdenum steels, mechanical properties

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., and reducing the level of power assistance to the wheels to encourage the driver to put the vehicle in motion prior to turning. Chromium-molybdenum steel - 4135 Chromium-molybdenum steels, mechanical properties Crack initiation Fatigue failure Forging defects Steering arms Stress concentration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the type shown in Fig. 2(s) , which had been in the body for 24 years, showed no signs of corrosion. This nail was produced from a low-carbon remelted type 316L stainless steel. Example 2: Retrieved Bone Screw Made From Cobalt-Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy with Casting Defects Portions of the threads...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001599
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... deposits were adhering to the outer diameter of the sheath. A large metallic drip remained on the damaged end of the sheath and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis indicated that the drip was mainly nickel and molybdenum. Small amounts of iron and chromium were also identified in this specimen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... “Mechanical and Physical Properties of Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steels at Ambient Temeratures,” International Nickel Company , 1963 . 3. Spretnak J.W. , Fontana M.G. , and Brooks H.E. , Trans. ASM , Vol 43 , 1951 , p 547 . 4. Henke R.H. , Weld. J. Res...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... includes carbon and low-alloy steels, chromium-molybdenum steels, austenitic stainless steels, and nickel-base superalloys. Carbon steels, owing to their relatively low cost, are used at temperatures of up to approximately 540 °C (1000 °F) in relatively low-stress applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... a profound effect on both the martensite hardness and the steel hardenability. The mathematical estimation for steel surface hardness is based upon carbon content alone. The predominant additional elements of interest in hardenability calculations are manganese, silicon, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... steels with chromium additions such as ASTM A213 Grade T11 or T22, which are resistant to graphitization damage. Boiler tubes Creep (materials) Graphitization, Heating effects Mechanical properties Microstructural effects Overheating ASTM A209 grade T1 UNS K11522 High-temperature corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Fig. 3 Micrograph showing the intergranular morphology of the crack surfaces. 630× Metallographic cross sections of the turbine disk were prepared for examination. The resultant microstructure was bainitic, typical for quenched and tempered nickel-chromium-molybdenum-vanadium steels ( Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that contributed to the high-temperature degradation were also analyzed and are discussed. pressure vessel fracture overtemperature steel bulging rupture x-ray diffraction analysis fracture toughness SA387 grade 11 class 2 (1.25Cr-0.5Mo chromium-molybdenum alloy steel) ASTM B424 (Ni-Fe-Cr-Mo-Cu...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001260
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Selected Reference • Practices in Failure Analysis , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 393 – 417 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524 One percent Chromium-Molybdenum steel a low alloy constructional steel is very widely used for high tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... due to material alteration is very complex. No engineering component is immune from changes in material properties from mechanical strain, gross damage, and change in material microstructure or embrittlement. Complex engineering failures also can result from simultaneous multiple alterations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... temperatures. In typical paper mill recovery boilers, stainless steel superheater banks are often installed because of their superior fireside corrosion resistance, excellent high-temperature strength, and relatively good weldability with chromium/molybdenum low-alloy steel tubing in the system...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... from changes in material properties from mechanical strain, gross damage, and change in material microstructure or embrittlement. Complex engineering failures also may result from simultaneous multiple alterations. Fracture Modes and Mechanisms When dealing with a fracture (not all failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... design. The chromium-molybdenum steels, stainless steels, and Cr-Mo-V steels, which are commonly used in high-temperature service, are considered to be creep-ductile materials with the ability to sustain significant amounts of crack growth before failure. However, most engineering alloys can lose...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... maintenance environment, because it would dictate the planning of future repairs or replacement. Long-term exposure to elevated temperature may affect either short-term or long-term properties. For example, the initial microstructure of creep-resistant chromium-molybdenum steels consists of bainite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and food industries, but suitable only for temperatures up to 760 °C (1400 °F). The carbon in the steel reacted with the chromium to form carbides, removing the chromium from solution and reducing the oxidation resistance of the metal. Carbide growth is most pronounced at 650 °C (1200 °F), and cycling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be chromium plated or may be covered with a sleeve that can be discarded and replaced when worn (rather than throwing away an expensive shaft or replacing the bearings). These methods involve risks, and steps should be taken to avoid or offset their effects. Brittle Fracture of Shafts Brittle fractures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... steel pitting scanning electron fractography corrosion resistance ASTM A193 B16 (chromium-molybdenum-vanadium alloy steel) Cr-Ni (nickel-chromium alloy coating) Introduction Experimental Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion Recommendations Acknowledgments References...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... crystals were mostly chromium with lesser amounts of sulfur and trace amounts of chloride, iron, silicon, and manganese. The dark green-colored crystals had high concentrations of nickel, molybdenum, and sulfur with lesser amounts of chromium and copper. General observation showed that the ID pitting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The outer zone is a single-phase β-NiAl layer saturated with other substrate alloying elements, such as chromium, cobalt, titanium, and molybdenum, that diffuse outwardly with the nickel from the substrate ( Ref 60 ). The content of any foreign element in the outer zone is limited by its solubility in NiAl...