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Cavitation wear

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Wear surface by cavitation of copper-base alloy in a lubricated gearbox. Courtesy of CETIM More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Wear surface of Al 2 O 3 after vibratory cavitation test. Courtesy of CETIM More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Wear surface of 304 stainless steel after vibratory cavitation test. Courtesy of CETIM More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 8 Wear traces on a plain bearing surface initiated by cavitation. Courtesy of CETIM More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 9 Wear on suction surface of centrifugal pump impeller by cavitation and solid particle erosion. Courtesy of CETIM More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 10 Wear on pressure surface of centrifugal pump impeller by cavitation and solid particle erosion. Courtesy of CETIM More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surfaces. Adhesive wear, the type of wear that occurs between two mutually soluble materials, is also discussed, as is erosive wear, liquid impingement, and cavitation wear. The article also presents a procedure for failure analysis and provides a number of detailed examples, including jaw-type rock...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Erosion - corrosion Cavitation wear A fan support casting failed unexpectedly while running at 1800 rpm in pulp at 65 ° (150 °F). The leading edge of the blade exhibited deep spongy holes leading to reduced section and finally to fracture of the part when the remaining section size was insufficient...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... as erosion-producing conditions. Dynamometers Stator blades CA-6NM UNS J91540 Erosive wear Corrosive wear Cavitation wear Figure 1 shows severely eroded stator vanes of a hydraulic dynamometer for a steam-turbine test facility. The stator was cast from a copper-manganese-aluminum alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with a discussion on correlations between laboratory results and service. bearings brittle materials cavitation erosion cavitation resistance cavitation test centrifugal pumps ductile materials gearbox CAVITATION EROSION is a type of wear in hydraulic turbines, on pump impellers, on ship...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... on the cylinder surface and which is not so easily scoured off during vibration. The effect of the imploding vacuum bubbles is reduced by the oil film which can renew itself from the emulsion. Diesel engines Engine cylinders Pitting (wear) Gray iron Cavitation wear The cylinder lining under...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to the piping system and excluding air from the pump inlet. Impellers Pumps Bronze Cavitation wear Figure 1(a) shows the impeller from one of two water pumps that were taken out of service because of greatly reduced output. Both impellers showed considerable material loss over all the interior...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... situation, consideration should also be given to raising the pressure in the coolant in order to suppress the formation of cavitation bubbles. Cavitation erosion Combustion chambers Pitting (wear) 6061-T6 UNS A96061 Heat treating-related failures Erosive wear Cavitation wear Equipment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Alloy cast iron Impellers Rotary pumps GGL NiCuCr 15 6 2 Cavitation wear The two damaged impellers made of austenitic cast iron came from a rotary pump used for pumping brine mixed with drifting sand. On one of the impellers, pieces were broken out of the back wall in four places...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the dominant failure mechanisms and that the materials and processes used to make the pumps were largely unsuited for the application. pump casing cavitation wear erosion steel shrinkage pits and voids scanning electron microscopy cavitation resistance C30 (low-carbon steel alloy) UNS G10300...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... made to reduce or prevent cavitation damage by the application of cathodic protection, and this has been found to be effective in certain instances of trouble on propellers. Diesel engines Cast iron Cavitation wear The rapid wastage, leading to ultimate failure, of ship propellers, pump...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... vapor environment. However, failure analysis showed that cavitation erosion was the responsible failure mechanism, not corrosion as might be expected. Cavitation erosion Hardness Microstructure SO2 316 UNS S31600 1006 UNS G10060 Erosive wear Erosion - corrosion Cavitation wear...
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Published: 15 January 2021
erosion tester. Source: Ref 28 . Reproduced with permission from “Standard Test Method for Conducting Erosion Tests by Solid Particle Impingement Using Gas Jets,” G 76, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International, 2019. (d) Cavitation-corrosion More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... manager. References References 1. Hansson C.M. and Hansson I.L.H. , Cavitation Erosion , Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Vol 18 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1992 , p 214 – 220 2. Heymann F.J. , Liquid Impingement Erosion , Friction...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials with the aid of models and equations. It presents three examples of erosive wear failures, namely, abrasive erosion, erosion-corrosion, and cavitation erosion. abrasive erosion brittle materials cavitation erosion ductile materials erosion erosion corrosion EROSION...