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Cavitation wear

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surfaces. Adhesive wear, the type of wear that occurs between two mutually soluble materials, is also discussed, as is erosive wear, liquid impingement, and cavitation wear. The article also presents a procedure for failure analysis and provides a number of detailed examples, including jaw-type rock...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... piping system and excluding air from the pump inlet. Impellers Pumps Bronze Cavitation wear Figure 1(a) shows the impeller from one of two water pumps that were taken out of service because of greatly reduced output. Both impellers showed considerable material loss over all the interior...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... situation, consideration should also be given to raising the pressure in the coolant in order to suppress the formation of cavitation bubbles. Cavitation erosion Combustion chambers Pitting (wear) 6061-T6 UNS A96061 Heat treating-related failures Erosive wear Cavitation wear Equipment in...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with a discussion on correlations between laboratory results and service. bearings brittle materials cavitation erosion cavitation resistance cavitation test centrifugal pumps ductile materials gearbox CAVITATION EROSION is a type of wear in hydraulic turbines, on pump impellers, on...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... success. Attempts have been made to reduce or prevent cavitation damage by the application of cathodic protection, and this has been found to be effective in certain instances of trouble on propellers. Diesel engines Cast iron Cavitation wear The rapid wastage, leading to ultimate failure, of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials with the aid of models and equations. It presents three examples of erosive wear failures, namely, abrasive erosion, erosion-corrosion, and cavitation erosion. abrasive erosion brittle materials cavitation erosion ductile materials erosion erosion corrosion EROSION is the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... industries. This article describes the processes involved in erosion of ductile materials, brittle materials, and elastomers. Some examples of erosive wear failures are given on abrasive erosion, liquid impingement erosion, cavitation, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the article provides information on...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Alloy cast iron Impellers Rotary pumps GGL NiCuCr 15 6 2 Cavitation wear The two damaged impellers made of austenitic cast iron came from a rotary pump used for pumping brine mixed with drifting sand. On one of the impellers, pieces were broken out of the back wall in four places at the junction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 48 , 2017 , p 2193 – 2206 10.1007/s11661-017-4004-2 7. Szala M. , Walczak M. , Pasierbiewicz K. , and Kamiński M. , Cavitation Erosion and Wear Mechanisms of AlTiN and TiAlN Films Deposited on Stainless Steel Substrate , Coatings , Vol 9 , 2019 , p 340 , 10.3390...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... from a solid surface and produce cavitation damage. Pitting is often the first macroscopic damage, but spalling can eventually occur. Cavitation in spillways of dams often produces spalling of large pieces of concrete. The mechanisms in wear and erosion processes mostly involve the mechanics of the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... describe all other wear situations involving contact between two solid bodies (for example, sliding). The term erosion is used where the wear is caused by a fluid, a stream of particles, or bubbles (in the case of cavitation), not by contact between two solid bodies. The operational classification for...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Classification of Wear” in this article. Sometimes, erosive wear is classified as a third category. Erosive-type wear includes phenomena from liquid impingement and cavitation wear, as discussed in other articles in this Section on “Wear Failures.” Another special type of wear is contact fatigue, where cyclic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the corrosion-wear synergism in aqueous slurry and grinding environments. It describes the effects of environmental factors on corrosive wear and provides information on the impact and three-body abrasive-corrosive wear. The article also discusses the various...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... open rotor (impeller). Both the case and the ductile iron rotor core were covered by natural rubber. Analyses conducted included surface examination of wear patterns, chemical analysis of materials, measurement of mechanical properties, and in-place flow tests. It was determined that the proximate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Erosion - corrosion Cavitation wear A fan support casting failed unexpectedly while running at 1800 rpm in pulp at 65 ° (150 °F). The leading edge of the blade exhibited deep spongy holes leading to reduced section and finally to fracture of the part when the remaining section size was insufficient...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001236
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... forms on the cylinder surface and which is not so easily scoured off during vibration. The effect of the imploding vacuum bubbles is reduced by the oil film which can renew itself from the emulsion. Diesel engines Engine cylinders Pitting (wear) Gray iron Cavitation wear The cylinder...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... erosion-producing conditions. Dynamometers Stator blades CA-6NM UNS J91540 Erosive wear Corrosive wear Cavitation wear Figure 1 shows severely eroded stator vanes of a hydraulic dynamometer for a steam-turbine test facility. The stator was cast from a copper-manganese-aluminum alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... vapor environment. However, failure analysis showed that cavitation erosion was the responsible failure mechanism, not corrosion as might be expected. Cavitation erosion Hardness Microstructure SO2 316 UNS S31600 1006 UNS G10060 Erosive wear Erosion - corrosion Cavitation wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the dominant failure mechanisms and that the materials and processes used to make the pumps were largely unsuited for the application. pump casing cavitation wear erosion steel shrinkage pits and voids scanning electron microscopy cavitation resistance C30 (low-carbon steel alloy) UNS...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to minimize or repair liquid-impact damage. References 1. Hansson C.M. and Hansson I.L.H. , Cavitation Erosion , Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Vol 18 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1992 , p 214 – 220 2. Heymann F.J. , Liquid...