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Casting-related failures

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... A design-related failure is one in which even a perfect casting (free from unexpected deficiencies and meeting specified requirements) does not perform to the requirements of the application. Correspondingly, a defect-related failure is one resulting from a condition that falls outside of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... originated in hot tear locations in the castings. Microprobe analysis of fracture surfaces in the hot tear region indicated a much higher silicon-to-aluminum ratio compared with the overload fracture area. No microstructural anomalies related to the failure were found during metallographic examination. It...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001106
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Corrosion-Related Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 868 – 880 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555 Three radiant heating element tubes from an aluminum holding furnace failed within 3 months of service. One side of each of the three...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Corrosion-Related Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 868 – 880 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555 • Becker W.T. and McGarry D. , Mechanisms and Appearances of Ductile and Brittle Fracture in Metals , Failure Analysis and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... operation at the spall. 2.5× Fig. 8 Microstructures associated with the spalled hole ( Fig. 7 ) caused by improper EDM technique. Etched wtih 3% nital In many EDM-related failures, the as-cast layer is not observed, because of the technique used or because of subsequent machining. In these...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... (cast cobalt-base superalloy) References 1. Cramer S.D. , Covino B.S. Jr. : ASM Handbook, Volume 13C—Corrosion: Environments and Industries . ASM International , Materials Park ( 2006 ) 2. Khajavi M.R. , Shariat M.H. : Failure of first stage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the general root causes of failure associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be the common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... creep-related failures, where the mechanical strength of a material becomes limited by creep rather than by its elastic limit. The majority of information provided is applicable to metallic materials, and only general information regarding creep-related failures of polymeric materials is given. The...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... all the negative aspects related to it. Figure 2 ( Ref 2 ) highlights the relationship between the various aspects of the design process and ways in which failure analysis is thoughtfully applied to improve the design process. Legal reasons for conducting failure analyses are also compelling...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... all the negative aspects related to it. Figure 2 ( Ref 2 ) highlights the relationship between the various aspects of the design process and ways in which failure analysis is thoughtfully applied to improve the design process. Legal reasons for conducting failure analyses are also compelling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... not necessarily bear relation to grade/condition determination that is based on separately poured test bars, results were suggestive of the G3000 grade designation for automotive gray cast iron. The typical fracture morphology within the matrix was transgranular cleavage. The microstructure consisted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stainless steels and titanium alloys, which may become accepted implant materials in the future. Additional ASTM standards specify cast and forged conditions for stainless steels and other materials; they are found among other implant-related standards in Ref 8 . Orthopedic implants are exposed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... spalling Impact wear resistance has been related to material properties, as shown in Fig. 26 , which plots the results of bench tests isolating impact of the valve on the seat, where the tougher cast seat insert material has worn less than the sintered seat insert material (both materials are based...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the effects of various material- and process-related parameters on residual stress, distortion control, cracking, and microstructure/property relationships as they relate to various types of failure. It discusses phase transformations that occur...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... presents the steps for failure analysis of sliding bearings. It also reviews the factors responsible for bearing failure with examples. aluminum alloys babbitts bronze contaminants copper-lead bearing alloys elasto-hydrodynamics failure analysis fluid-film lubrication grooves load-carrying...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., the bodies tend to be large and contact in a well-defined location in a controlled way, unlike erosion where the eroding particles are small and interact randomly with the target surface. There are many industrial situations in which impacting bodies are employed where failures due to wear can be...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... acted to change the metallurgical structure of the component (see, for example, the section “Metallurgical Instabilities” in this article). This article briefly reviews the applied aspects of creep-related failures, where mechanical strength of a metal becomes limited by creep rather than by the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... lifting lugs or eyes Built-in members that are the items necessary for the operation of lifting equipment, such as shafts, gears, and drums Most of the failures discussed are related to the more common and critical components of lifting equipment used in steel mills and similar industrial...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... J.E. , and Newman R.C. , The Corrosive Wear of Cast Iron Under Potentiostatically-Controlled Conditions in Sulfuric Acid Solutions , Corros. Sci. , Vol 30 , 1990 , p 813 – 830 4. Pozzo R.L. and Iwasaki I. , Pyrite-Pyrrhotite Grinding Media Interactions and Their Effects...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials with the aid of models and equations. It presents three examples of erosive wear failures, namely, abrasive erosion, erosion-corrosion, and cavitation erosion. abrasive erosion brittle materials cavitation erosion ductile materials erosion erosion corrosion EROSION is the...