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Bonding strength

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A femoral knee implant was returned to the casting vendor for analysis after exhibiting poor bond strength between the cast substrate and a sintered porous coating. Both the coating and the substrate were manufactured from a cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy. Metallographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.../throat section, it may be said that the EPON 934 bond is stronger than the interlaminar strength of the MX-2646 silica phenolic laminate. Post-test examination of Nozzle Liner Assembly S/N 018 revealed two circumferential cracks in the convergent phenolic liner, one approximately one inch forward...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... defect (indicated by a blue dashed line). The hot forging was carried out at high temperature (750–800 °C). Consequently, oxides probably occurred on the forging surface. Once overlap occurred in the forgings, the oxides would evolve. Generally, the bonding strength in the overlap regions was less than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001612
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... that the premature failure of the fan was due to inadequate bonding between the sheets at the weld nugget. The fracture was initiated from the nugget-plate interface. The inadequate penetration and lack of fusion between the steel sheets during resistance spot welding led to poor weld strength and the fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Evaluation of Bonding Strength of Thin Hard Films by Spherical Rolling Test , Surf. Coat. Technol. , Vol 97 , 1997 , p 295 – 298 70. Xu K. , Hu N. , and He J. , Evaluation of the Bond Strength of Hard Coatings by the Contact Fatigue Test , J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. , Vol 12...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... caused failing yield strength, elongation, and reduction of area results. Another example of an optical replica is shown in Fig. 44 , along with an actual micrograph of the same area. The specimen is from a nitrided AISI 4150 chuck jaw that broke prematurely in service due to the presence of a heavy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... The zone of metal and carbon has lower atomic bonding strength. This condition can be seen by the height of metal and carbon zone, which is lower compared to carbide zone. After a certain time, at the attacked position, the pipe surface start to spall. The spalled metal becomes dusts, which gets blowed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., individual atoms exhibit differences in the number of electrons in the various electron shells. This results in different types of bonding and bond strength. Bonding may be covalent (strong), ionic (strong), metallic (intermediate), or van der Waals (weak). Metallic materials are metallically bonded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is that properties are a function of structure and structure is a function of processing. At the atomic structure level, individual atoms exhibit differences in the number of electrons in the various electron shells, resulting in different types of bonding and bond strength. Bonding can be covalent (strong...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... abrasive for ferrous alloys, and SiC is the preferred abrasive for nonferrous metals and minerals. Wheels have different bond strengths and are recommended based on the suitability of their bond strength and abrasive type for the material to be sectioned. In general, as the hardness of a material increases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... The largest use of coatings on superalloys is on components in the hot gas section of turbines, that is, on the combustors, blades, and vanes. Experience has shown that substrate compositional requirements for improved high-temperature strength are not compatible with the requirements for optimal high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and contraction of the silver carrier plate during soldering and encapsulation exceeded the strength of the mechanical bond between the termination and the resistor substrate. These failures were the easiest to cull out, because intermittent performance or abrupt failure was often revealed during thermal shock...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in Figure 2 . Fig. 1 The APS storage ring vacuum chamber. Three small round cooling holes are seen here. Fig. 2 Transition assemblies made from 3003 aluminum roll-bonded to stainless steel (top). SEM and x-ray EDS was used to survey the corrosion regions ( Figs. 3 and 4 ). Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... , Vol 45141 , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 2012 10.1115/IPC2012-90043 13. Bruce W.A. , Pipeline Girth Weld Strength Matching Requirements , Weld. J. , Oct 2019 , p 56 – 60 14. Clark E.B. , Leis B.N. , and Eiber R.J. , “ Integrity Characteristics...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... stringers, characteristic of resulfurized grades of steel, have on the mechanical properties of steels. The effects of elongated inclusions of other chemical composition may be assumed to be similar, since all will have lower interface bonding strength than the bulk material to itself. A comparison...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., as indicated in Table 1 , which accounts for the low melting temperatures, low stiffness, and low strength exhibited by many thermoplastic polymers. Thermoplastics can be melted by heating and will resolidify when cooled. In thermosetting polymers, covalent cross links or strong hydrogen bonds occur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... If there is no macro- or microscale evidence of deformation, it is tempting to assume brittle behavior. However, considerable evidence suggests that is not a workable distinction. Estimates of the yield strength of materials by simultaneous rupture of all of the bonds across a plane quickly were determined...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Institute , Dallas 2. “Specification for Line Pipe,” API 5L, 35th ed. , American Petroleum Institute , Dallas 3. Kiefner J. F. and Duffy A.R. , “Summary of Research to Determine the Strength of Corroded Areas in Line Pipe,” American Gas Association , Arlington, VA , July...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that that is not a workable distinction. Estimates of the yield strength of materials by simultaneous rupture of all of the bonds across a plane quickly were determined to be in serious disagreement with experimental observations and indicated that a different model had to be created to explain the discrepancy between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and filler metal and often of the entire joint. Thus, in addition to the two different materials present in the simplest example given previously, a complicated transitional or even completely different zone must be considered. In determining the strength of such heterogeneous joints, the simplified...