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Boiler tubes, mechanical properties

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the steam-drum modifications on tube wall temperatures. Boiler tubes, mechanical properties Cracking (fracturing) High temperature Carbon steel Thermal fatigue fracture Background Visual Examination Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations References...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... system, the same wording is used to describe both the failure mode and mechanism. For example, corrosion pitting describes a damage mode because the surface of a material contains hemispherical pits. Pitting is also a possible damage mechanism in some systems. For example, in boiler tubing a pitting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... common damage mechanisms for boiler tubing Table 2 EPRI common damage mechanisms for boiler tubing Fluidside corrosion Underdeposit corrosion—caustic gouging Underdeposit corrosion—hydrogen damage Underdeposit corrosion—phosphate corrosion Acid cleaning corrosion Internal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Investigations on the failure of economizer tubes in a high pressure boiler . J. Fail. Anal. Prev . 8 ( 1 ), 69 – 74 ( 2008 ) 10.1007/s11668-007-9094-5 11. Ikeda Y. , Nii K. , Mechanism of accelerated oxidation on Fe-Cr alloys in water vapor containing atmospheres . Trans. Natl. Res...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... difference in functioning of subcritical and supercritical boilers Fig. 2 Classification of boiler-tube damage mechanisms Fig. 6 Photograph of a superheater tube showing the thick-lip fishmouth type of stress rupture Fig. 39 Erosion-corrosion damage of economizer tube bend...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to be replaced during a scheduled outage. Boiler tubes Graphitization Mechanical properties ASME SA219-T1A UNS K12023 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Creep fracture/stress rupture Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... interface. Any future chemical cleaning should address the presence of copper in the waterwall tubes. Hydrogen damage can occur in random, discrete locations in boiler tubing; it is not a general mechanism. Severe wastage on the inner diameter surface could be located by ultrasonic testing (UT) methods...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Coatings Aluminides Hydrogen Interactions Molten Salts Aging Reactions Molten Metal Environmental Cracking Stress-Corrosion Cracking Fatigue Boiler tube cyclic stresses are stresses periodically applied to boiler tubes that can reduce the expected life of the tube through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... boiler tube material, carbon steel (SA 210A1) with a Cr, Ni, and Mo containing low alloy steel having better mechanical and corrosion resistance properties may be considered as additional option. ...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analyst to determine the cause and suggest corrective action. The causes of failures include tube rupture, corrosion or scaling, fatigue, erosion, and stress-corrosion cracking. The article also describes the procedures for conducting a failure analysis. boilers corrosion embrittlement erosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A failed SAE-192 carbon steel tube from a 6.2-MPa (900-psig), 200-Mg/h (180-ton/h) capacity refinery boiler was analyzed to determine its failure mode. Optical and SEM examination results were combined with knowledge of the boiler operating conditions to conclude...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and tubing. The article discusses metallurgical instabilities of steel-based alloys and nickel-base superalloys. It provides information on several life assessment methods, namely, the life fraction rule, parameter-based assessments, the thermal-mechanical fatigue, coating evaluations, hardness testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Several 304H stainless steel superheater tubes fractured in stressed areas within hours of a severe caustic upset in the boiler feedwater system. Tests performed on a longitudinal weld joint, which connected two adjacent tubes in the tertiary superheater bank, confirmed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... from dryout/liquid quench operation. Based on the characteristics of the cracking (fracture appearance, location, and mechanism), heat transfer calculations by Ledford [ 3 ], and similar cracking in boiler waterwall tubing [ 4 ], it was concluded that the probable primary root cause of failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of retubing. Boiler tubes Creep rupture Mechanical properties Overheating UNS K21590 UNS K01201 2.25Cr-1Mo ASTM A213 grade T22 ASTM A192 Creep fracture/stress rupture Background Visual Examination and General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... steels with chromium additions such as ASTM A213 Grade T11 or T22, which are resistant to graphitization damage. Boiler tubes Creep (materials) Graphitization, Heating effects Mechanical properties Microstructural effects Overheating ASTM A209 grade T1 UNS K11522 High-temperature corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Original carbon steel and subsequent replacement austenitic stainless steel superheater tube U-bend failures occurred in a waste heat boiler. The carbon steel tubes had experienced metal wastage in the form of caustic corrosion gouging, while the stainless steel tubes failed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... resulting from hydrogen damage. The interior surface displays gouging adjacent to failure lip. Courtesy of Electric Power Research Institute Fig. 9 (a) Short-term and (b) long-term overheating of boiler tubes. Long-term overheating usually is caused by creep as the microstructure of the material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to consider first in detail the mechanism of magnetite formation. Magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ) is one of the oxides of iron—it is black and magnetic in nature. Boiler water will react with the clean surface of a steel tube to form a layer of magnetite, which serves subsequently to confer corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... by hydrogen in this temperature range, and laboratory tests with 2-14% Cr steel verified this. Boiler tubes Corrosion environments Sodium hydroxide Warships Fe-0.13C Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Introduction Service Environment Failure Analysis Laboratory Tests Selection...