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Bearing races

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0091897
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... diffraction, hardness testing, and microscopic exam) supported the conclusion that shaft failure was initiated by fretting between the bearing race and the bearing surface on the shaft because of improper bearing installation. Once clearance was established between the bearing and the shaft, the shaft began...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A high-speed pinion gear shaft, part of a system that compresses natural gas, was analyzed to determine why it failed. An abnormal wear pattern was observed on the shaft surface beneath the inner race of the support bearings. Material from the shaft had transferred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was precipitated by excessive heating, causing cage disintegration, plastic flow of the races and balls, and eventual separation of inner and outer races. It was recommended that the bearing set be resized to accommodate the large thrust as and that a thermocouple be added to monitor the condition of the bearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... centerline of the body. This assembly condition generated abnormal high loads on the swaged edges, ultimately resulting in fatigue failure. To prevent a recurrence of similar failure in the future, the dimensions of the race in the spherical bearing were changed, no further failure occurred. Bearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... fracture surface revealed striations indicative of fatigue, and EDS analyses corroborated a high incidence of silicate inclusions at crack sites. The study suggests that the failure of the bearing occurred because the hardness difference between the roller bearing and the inner-race surfaces resulted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001467
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... bearings, particularly the inner races of bearings of the ball and roller type, are machined to a dead square corner rather than incorporate a radius to reduce the magnitude of the stress concentration. Methods by which the shoulders required for locating races, bearings, couplings, and similar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract A truck-mounted hydraulic crane had a horizontal thrust bearing with one race attached to the truck and the other to the rotating crane. The outside race of the bearing was driven by a pinion gear, and it is through this mechanism that the crane body rotated about a vertical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of fatigue crack(s) in the inner race. When the crack reached the critical size, the collar of the race fractured, causing subsequent damage. The cage also failed due to excessive stresses in the axial direction, and its material was smeared on the steel balls and the outer race. aircraft bearings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A ball bearing in a military jet engine sustained heavy damage and was analyzed to determine the cause. Almost all of the balls and a portion of the outer race were found to be flaking, but there were no signs of damage on the inner race and cage. Tests (chemistry, hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047975
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... by contact fatigue mechanism (flaking) activated by the subsurface nonmetallic inclusions. Aircraft components Bearing races Flaking Transmissions (sutomotive) Bearing steel Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear The pilot of an aircraft reported illumination of the transmission oil-pressure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Incorrect grounding of an electric motor resulted in electric current passing through a 52100 steel ball bearing and caused multiple arcing between the rolling elements. The multiple arcing developed a pattern on the outer race known as ‘fluting’. A section of ball race outer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047986
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... by metallographic examination of circumferential section of the largest cavity, was exhibited by the second bearing. It was concluded that the fracture of the cage was caused by overheating and misalignment caused excessive stressing of the bearing on the main shaft. Bearing races Gas turbine engines...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-type damage are false Brinelling , which is applied particularly to bearings where the craters caused by the vibration of the ball against the race are circular and resemble Brinell impressions, and “fitting rust,” where gages or shims are clamped together and experience vibration. The terms...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract While in the stationary mode, capillary action at the contact line between roller and race in a steel rolling mill taper bearing caused a concentration of lubricant and moisture to occur. This lead to lines of corrosion pits at roller intervals. During subsequent operation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... races Radar equipment Rockwell hardness 4140 UNS G41400 Heat treating-related failures A large bearing from a radar antenna was replaced because of deformation, surface cracking, and spalling on the raceway of the outer ring. Figure 1(a) shows a sectional view of the bearing. Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... a year prior to failure the inner race of the roller bearing became slack on the shaft and the seating was built up by the metal-spray process. The shaft was machined to form a rough thread to provide the requisite mechanical key for the sprayed-on metal. Part of this sprayed-on layer became detached...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... the rolling.elements (balls or rollers) and the races and, although the resulting stresses may appear to be compressive, they are associated with tensile and shear stresses just below the surface, and repetitions due to rotation of the bearing ultimately lead to the initiation of fatigue cracks, and fragments of metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001740
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract The contamination of lubrication with powdered stone resulted in progressive wear of the internal surfaces of a bearing. Because of the motion of rollers, the inner race exhibited an unusual cyclic washboard wear pattern. Because of a lack of bearing conformity, wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract After being in service for ten years the ball-and-race coal pulverizer was investigated after noises were noted in it. Its lower grinding ring was attached to the 6150 normalized steel outer main shaft while the upper grinding ring was suspended by springs from a spider...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fig. 1 Example of fretting and related visible imprint on the main bearing shell. Adapted from Ref 10 . Reprinted with permission from MAN Energy Solutions Fig. 2 Fatigue crack generated by fretting damage in a rivet hole and fastened assemblies. Bottom two images reprinted from...