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Automotive wheels

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract An automotive front-wheel outer angular-contact ball bearing generated considerable noise shortly after delivery of the vehicle. The inner and outer rings were made of seamless cold-drawn 52100 steel tubing, the balls were forged from 52100 steel, and the retainer was stamped...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... neither execute nor permit repair-welds on highly stressed machine parts and especially vehicle components. Automotive wheels Bushings Welded steel Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture One of the rear wheels spun off a sports car of the racing type during a run on the express highway...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001038
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Automotive wheels Trucks Steel Fatigue fracture Background The rear outside wheel of an over-the-road 18-wheel tractor-trailer failed at its bolt holes, permitting the tire and wheel to separate from the hub. Circumstances Leading to Failure A flat tire on the rear outside wheel was removed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001678
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... Automotive wheels Bolts Galvanized steels Medium-carbon alloy steel Fatigue fracture Analysis of service failures is a complicated business because several mechanisms can operate simultaneously or sequentially. For example a structural component, bolt (fastener) holding the wheel of a vehicle can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001306
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... recommendation caused the inner wheel nuts to loosen during break-in and lose the required clamping force. The development and promotion of educational programs on proper wheel tightening procedures was recommended. Automotive wheels Bolted joints Fasteners Mechanical properties 1541 UNS G15410...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Several case-hardened and zinc-plated carbon-manganese steel wheel studs fractured in a brittle manner after very limited service life. The fracture surfaces of both front and rear studs showed no sign of fatigue beach marks or deformation in the form of shear lips that would...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001901
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze an automotive polyoxymethylene (POM) sensor housing that was depolymerizing during service. It was found that a combination of heat, oxygen, and sulfuric acid attacked and caused...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., this situation can cycle progressively, with continued loss of preload and possibly rapid fatigue failure (the effect of preload on steel automotive wheel studs and the fracture that resulted from the preload are described in Example 1 in this article). To eliminate fatigue problems that occur at room...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... is visible in Figure 3 . Automotive components Weld defects Weldments Welded steel Joining-related failures Abstract Abstract A front-wheel drive hatchback automobile was involved in a severe front end impact. Failure analysis of the automobile revealed only a single sound spot weld in each...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., indicating that the axle failure did not initiate the accident. Automotive components Cleavage Trucks Fe-0.30C Brittle fracture Background A rear axle (∼0.30C steel) of a light pickup truck that overturned in an accident had a fracture adjacent to the bearing lock nut ( Fig. 1 ). The other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... joints, bolted flanges, shrink fits, all in the presence of vibrations; reciprocating arms; electrical contacts; wire ropes Rolling-sliding wear Rolling bearings; cam and follower; gears; wheel-rail system Abrasive wear by hard particles Ore-processing machinery; blades and buckets of earth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the wear failure of an antifriction bearing, a nylon driving gear, and a polyoxymethylene gear wheel. antifriction bearing cohesive wear elastomers glassy thermoplastics interfacial wear lubricant mechanical properties nylon nylon driving gear plastics polyoxymethylene gear wheel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Nitrogen Stainless Steel in a Simulated Body Fluid , Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater. , Vol 14 , 2013 , p 025002 10.1088/1468-6996/14/2/025002 11. Park W. , Jung J.P. , and Lee K.Y. , Overview of Fretting Corrosion in Electrical Connectors , Int. J. Automot. Technol. , Vol 7 , 2006...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.9781627082143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is an integral part of the modus operandi of the device is the leaf spring used at one time in automobiles and railway rolling stock. It consists of an assemblage of steel plates, whose purpose is to dampen down vibration transmitted from the wheels to the carriage. Accumulation of debris could result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... conditions. These conditions usually occur in SUVs because of their higher center of gravity. The highest axle stresses occur during loading of the wheel in a severe yaw (or side skid). The tire pavement friction generates a lateral bending force on the axle. The new, larger diameter wheels with high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... requirements (e.g., magnetic, electrical, electronic, or thermal properties) typically supersede the mechanical property requirements. Other design disciplines include industrial, automotive, welding, mining, aerospace, nuclear, and computer engineering. Each type of engineering discipline requires...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., an automotive accident investigation may point to the failure of a driveshaft U-joint. The automotive accident investigator would benefit from consulting a metallurgist when examining the failed U-joint. The investigation and analysis of accidents and failures must be thorough to ensure that all information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of false Brinelling damage in a ball bearing assembly). Adapted from Ref 34 . Reprinted with permission from Elsevier Fig. 44 Severe damage from fretting (false Brinelling) on the surface of a shaft that served as the inner raceway for a needle-roller bearing Fig. 45 Automotive front...