1-20 of 64 Search Results for

Annealing furnaces

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001244
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... frequently in round wire conveyor belt links because the round wire neither impresses so sharply nor abrades against the cross bars, and it also exerts less torsion than the flat wire. Annealing furnaces Belt conveyors Glass Torsional fatigue Wire Low-carbon steel Fatigue fracture The cross...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract Heating elements, consisting of strips, 40 mm x 2 mm, of the widely used 80Ni-20Cr resistance heating alloy, and designed to withstand a temperature of 1175 deg C, were rendered unusable by scaling after a few months service in a through-type annealing furnace, Although the temperature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract Three radially-cracked disks that circulated the protective gases in a bell-type annealing furnace were examined. During service they had been heated in cycles of 48 h to 720 deg C for 3 h each time, then were kept at temperature for 15 h followed by cooling to 40 deg C in 30 h, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0047406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract A cast countershaft pinion on a car puller for a blast furnace broke after one month of service; expected life was 12 months. The pinion was specified to be made of 1045 steel heat treated to a hardness of 245 HRB. The pinion steel was analyzed and was a satisfactory alternative...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Chain link, a part of a mechanism for transferring hot or cold steel blooms into and out of a reheating furnace, broke after approximately four months of service. The link was cast from 2% Cr austenitic manganese steel and was subjected to repeated heating to temperatures of 455 to 595...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0065826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... a week by transgranular SCC. Annealed type 430 ferritic stainless steel was subsequently suggested to prevent further failures. Basic oxygen furnaces Materials selection Precipitator wires 304 UNS S30400 430 UNS 54300 1008 UNS G10080 Corrosion fatigue Stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract In a steel foundry, tensile and bend specimens of castings made in a 2-ton basic arc furnace showed, at irregular intervals, regions with coarse-grained fractures where the specimens broke prematurely, so that the specified strength and toughness values could not be reached. Several...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Reheating-furnace chain link, sand cast from austenitic manganese steel, that failed by brittle fracture, because material was not stable at operating temperatures. (a) Chain link showing location of fracture. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Macrograph of a nital-etched specimen from More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 54 Reheating-furnace chain link, sand cast from austenitic manganese steel, that failed by brittle fracture, because material was not stable at operating temperatures. (a) Chain link showing location of fracture. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Macrograph of a nital-etched specimen from More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 30 Reheating-furnace chain link, sand cast from austenitic manganese steel, that failed by brittle fracture, because material was not stable at operating temperatures. (a) Chain link showing location of fracture. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Macrograph of a nital-etched specimen from More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract A recuperator for blast heating of a cupola furnace became unserviceable because of the brittle fracture of several finned tubes made of heat resistant cast steel containing 1.4C, 2.3Si and 28Cr. The service temperature was reported as 850 deg C. This led to the suspicion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... 0,006 0,004 All values correspond to the specifications according to DIN 1654 and 17200. The “good” shipment can be differentiated from the two quench crack sensitive ones by a higher sulphur content which points to the smelting practice in the S. M. furnace. It also shows higher copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... heat boiler to determine the extent of metal damage in other areas by measuring the degree of ferromagnetism, (2) replacement of metal determined to be magnetic, and (3) closer monitoring of temperatures in the region of the reformer furnace outlet. Boilers Chemical processing equipment Erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... that cause a part to fail during heat treatment. The article discusses the problems associated with heating and furnaces, quenching media, quenching stresses, hardenability, tempering, carburizing, carbonitriding, and nitriding as well as potential stainless steel problems and problems associated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001282
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... annealed prior to finish machining. During the annealing treatment, after a 30 min soak at 1050 °C (1920 °F), component A was furnace cooled at a rate of 120 °C/h (215 °F/h), whereas component B was air cooled. Subsequently, the parts were pickled in a solution of 10 to 20% HNO 3 , 2 to 3% HF...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... the height of the problem in an attempt to eliminate the tube embrittlement, including the alkaline dip, pickling operation, furnace atmosphere, drawing lubricant, and temperature control during hot drawing and annealing. Furthermore, tube embrittlement was not always observed, but when present was typically...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...% maximum for alloy 430. This steel is normally supplied in the annealed condition and, with the exception of the rapid cooling such as may occur after welding, alloy 430 is considered a nonhardenable material. By comparison, martensitic alloy 410 with 12% Cr and 0.12% C is fully air hardenable, while 12...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Intergranular oxidation Mechanical properties Thermal stresses Tubing Weldments Incoloy 800H UNS N08810 Intergranular fracture Background Maintenance shutdown inspections regularly showed cracks in the welded outlet pigtail connections of a steam-methane reformer furnace. Applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 0.05–0.15 Si 1.0 0.9–1.2 Mn 0.7 0.5–0.8 C 0.3 0.25–0.32 S 0.0054 … Fig. 1 Schematic showing the dimensions of the tube before and after annealing cycle Fig. 2 Schematic after opening of the tube showing the positions at which the XRD analysis was performed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Detail of boiler Table 1 Detail of boiler Manufacturer Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. Ltd. Type B&W single drum, radiant, natural circulation, non-reheat, pressurized furnace, outdoor, boiler El Paso type (RBE) Design pressure 101.7 barg Main steam flow TSH outlet...