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Aluminum wire

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0049838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract An electron probe microanalyzer was applied to the study of service failures (due to severe heating) of aluminum wire connections in residential electrical circuits. Perturbed regions in which the composition underwent a change during the failure were revealed by optical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Several wires in aluminum conductor cables fractured within 5 to 8 years of, service in Alaskan tundra. The cables were comprised of 19-wire strands; the wires were aluminum alloy 6201-T81. Visual and metallographic examinations of the cold-upset pressure weld joints...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Three instances involving the failure of aluminum wiring at the service entrance to single-family homes are discussed. Arcing led to a fire which severely damaged a home in one case. In a second, the failure sequence was initiated by water intrusion into the service entrance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... of improved design were attributed to fatigue cracks initiating at the aluminum oxide inclusions in the flange fillet. Recommendations included retaining the improved design of the flange with the weld approximately 50 mm (2 in.) from the fillet, but changing the metal to a forging of AISI 4140 steel, oil...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... transmission conductor cables are mostly of ACSR construction. Because electrical conductor (high-purity) aluminum cannot bear its own weight over long spans, one or more layers of aluminum wire strands are assembled around a steel wire cable core. The aluminum bears the electrical load, and the steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cooling, a eutectic, rounded structure is formed. Rosettes indicate exposure to excessive high temperatures ( Fig. 23 ). Fig. 23 Rosettes in 3003 aluminum wire Metals become more reactive at higher temperatures, absorbing oxygen and other contaminants into the surface. This alters...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of fatigue cracks in the rotor. These problems in turbines and generators are discussed in Ref 10 . Steel ropes are used widely as mooring ropes, haulage ropes, mining ropes, and on cable cars. Overhead power lines are in effect ropes made up of aluminum wires wound on a steel support rope; more...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... content which. however, should be of no significance from the point of view of crack sensitivity. But most of all higher aluminum and nitrogen contents are discernible. The wire of this shipment may therefore consist of an aluminum-killed fine-grained steel, which possesses a lower sensitivity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... analysis disclosed the presence of chrominum manganese, and oxygen, with some areas containing minor amounts of sulfur, aluminum, and titanium ( Fig. 12 ). Some of the aluminum may have been related to the aluminum polishing compound used during sample preparation. However, most of these inclusions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as hooks, chains, wire rope, slings, beams, bales, and trunnions; and built-in members such as shafts, gears, and drums. chains cranes failed shafts hooks lifting equipment wire rope LIFTING EQUIPMENT is used for raising, lowering, and transporting materials, parts, and equipment, generally...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Investigation of 1350-H19 Aluminum Wires Tested against Treated Surfaces , Wear , Vol 414–415 , 2018 , p 1 – 8 10.1016/j.wear.2018.07.012 22. Said J. , Garcin S. , Fouvry S. , Cailletaud G. , Yang C. , and Hafid F. , A Multi-Scale Strategy to Predict Fretting-Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... Analysis of the corrosion debris by EDS revealed copper from the wire, along with high amounts of sodium and chlorine, in addition to low amounts of silicon, aluminum, calcium, and carbon. The sodium and chlorine are suggestive of sodium chloride (salt), which is known to be corrosive to copper. Similar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001104
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... 1.66 Sulfur <0.010 0.44 Phosphorus 0.014 0.012 Chromium 17.3 16.2 Nickel 35.5 37.0 Molybdenum 0.12 0.11 Copper 0.16 0.16 Titanium 0.12 <0.05 Aluminum … … Niobium <0.05 <0.05 Discussion The failure of the sinter belt material...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... For example, aluminum is anodic to zinc in an aqueous 1 M sodium chromate (Na 2 CrO 4 ) solution and cathodic to iron in an aqueous 1 M sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) solution ( Ref 4 ). Emf Series The emf series is a table that lists in order the standard electrode potentials of specified...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... % In solder. The PETN is pressed into an aluminum cup which is crimped and glued onto the header. The unit is not hermetically sealed. A photomacrograph illustrating the relative size of the disassembled component is shown in Figure 2 . Fig. 1 Sketch of a detonator component illustrating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... electrochemical. Dividing corrosion or other electrochemical reactions into partial reactions makes them simpler to understand. Iron and aluminum, like zinc, are also rapidly corroded by hydrochloric acid. Thus, the problem of hydrochloric acid corrosion is simplified, because in every case, the cathodic reaction...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the galvanic series for seawater is not necessarily valid in nonsaline solutions. For example, aluminum is anodic to zinc in an aqueous 1 M sodium chromate (Na 2 CrO 4 ) solution and cathodic to iron in an aqueous 1 M sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) solution ( Ref 4 ). Electromotive Force Series...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... A and B were rich in chromium and aluminum; the concentration of Al in some cases exceeded 20 pct. Specimen A contained an appreciable number of Si- and Mg-rich inclusions. Inclusions in specimen B were found to contain a high concentration of Mn. In general, they were rich in Al, Mn, and Cr. No major...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Leaks developed at random locations in aluminum brass condenser tubes within the first year of operation of a steam condenser in a nuclear power plant. One failed tube underwent scanning electron microscopy surface examination and optical microscope metallography...