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Aluminum Association

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract A stamped coin exhibited visible discolored areas, seen as a tan haze on the surface. The discoloration was considered merely cosmetic. The nonstained and stained regions were studied using SEM/EDS. Greater amounts of aluminum and magnesium were found in the stained area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A type 17-4PH stainless steel tube exhibited brown discoloration after a pickling operation. EDS analysis of the extracted substance revealed relatively high levels of iron and chromium, along with lower amounts of aluminum, silicon, sulfur, chlorine, calcium, manganese...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract The right landing gear on a twin-turboprop transport aircraft collapsed during landing. Preliminary examination indicated that the failure occurred at a steel-to-aluminum (7014) pinned drag-strut connection due to fracture of the lower set of drag-strut attachment lugs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...: Aluminum Alloys , Forge , May 2 , 2012 8. “ Four Kinds of Common Aluminum Forging Defects ,” CFS Forge , http://dropforging.net Selected References Selected References • Copper Development Association, Inc. , copper.org • Donachie M.J. , Selection of Titanium Alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... boundaries, and SCC when exposed to an environment containing injurious ions such as chlorides and a tensile stress. In some aluminum alloys, the precipitation of Mg 2 Al 3 at grain boundaries resulting from metal processing is associated with increased corrosion activity and, when exposed to a chloride...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... 3 Corrosion deposits and pitting in the 3003 aluminum. Fig. 4 Severe pitting in the 3003 aluminum. The corrosion deposits were composed of calcium and silicon carbonates and were associated with sulfur and chlorine. In general, there are eight forms of corrosion, but all...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) has termed the dealloying phenomenon associated with aluminum-copper alloy systems as “dealuminization.” NACE further emphasizes that although color changes may be associated with dealloying, no cracks, pits, dimensional changes, grooving, or obvious metal loss...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... It discusses the degradation of various protective systems, such as corrosion inhibitors and lubricants. The article describes the failure analysis of steel, iron, copper, aluminum, and their alloys. It also discusses the probes available to monitor conditions relevant to MIC in industrial systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the galvanic series for seawater is not necessarily valid in nonsaline solutions. For example, aluminum is anodic to zinc in an aqueous 1 M sodium chromate (Na 2 CrO 4 ) solution and cathodic to iron in an aqueous 1 M sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) solution ( Ref 4 ). Electromotive Force Series...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in seawater is greatly reduced wherever the seawater is deaerated. The criterion for cathodic protection of aluminum in soils and waters has been published by the National Association of Corrosion Engineers ( Ref 7 ). The suggested practice is to shift the potential at least −0.15 V, but not beyond...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A piece of wheel flange separated from the main landing gear wheel of a C130 aircraft as it taxied on a runway. The wheel was a 2014-T61 aluminum alloy forging and had been in service nearly 20 years. Fractographic evidence indicated that the initial crack growth was caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... contained adherent debris. The EDS findings are summarized in Table 1 . The painted surface was found to contain higher levels of silicon, aluminum, and magnesium as compared with the substrate, along with a significant level of phosphorus, which was not detected in the substrate. The overall blemished...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in Underground Brass Pipes ; Biologically Induced Corrosion , Dexter S.C. , Ed., National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1986 , p 102 – 108 2. Yoffe P. , Microbiologically Influenced Failures of Cupronickel and Aluminum Brass Condenser Tubes: Comparison of Real Cases , Proc. 1995...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... be a short circuit between the power lines or a short circuit to ground. Three instances of service entrance arcing faults associated with aluminum wiring are known to the authors. Incident 1 A fire occurred at a residence. Associated with the fire was an electrical outage in the homes on the same...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the soft spots, creating a weak link that may fail in high-stress and high-strain applications. Increasing feed rate during the x - y - z axis changes and installing back-up plates will eliminate soft spots in aluminum alloys such as AA 390 ( Ref 14 ). Fig. 10 Typical end mill defect associated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the susceptibility of aluminum to hydrogen damage. Hydrogen damage in aluminum alloys may take the form of IG or transgranular cracking or blistering. Blistering is most often associated with the melting or heat treatment of aluminum, in which reaction with water vapor produces hydrogen. Blistering due to hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and its alloys was considered as SCC; however, testing in specific hydrogen environments has revealed the susceptibility of aluminum to hydrogen damage. Hydrogen damage in aluminum alloys may take the form of IG or transgranular cracking or blistering. Blistering is most often associated with the melting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Wang Y.-B. , and Chu W.-Y. , “Mechanism of Liquid Metal Embrittlement for Aluminum in Hg+3 at.% Ga,” Corrosion 98 , 22–27 March 1998 ( San Diego, CA ), National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1998 • Turissini R.L. , Bruno T.V. , Dahlberg E.P. , and Setterlund...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Localized Corrosion in Underground Brass Pipes , Biologically Induced Corrosion , Dexter S.C. , Ed., National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1986 , p 102 – 108 131. Yoffe P. , Microbiologically Influenced Failures of Cupronickel and Aluminum Brass Condenser Tubes: Comparison...