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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Several compressor disks in military fighter and trainer aircraft gas turbine engines cracked prematurely in the bolt hole regions. The disks were made of precipitation-hardened AM355 martensitic stainless steel. Experimental and analytical work was performed on specimens from the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... failed within 15 h to 1,254 h of service after being installed in six-cylinder reciprocating engines of airplanes. After the aircraft engine manufacturer analyzed this problem, the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) approved the manufacturer’s issue of Mandatory Service Bulletin 00-5 (MSB 00-5) [ 1 ] listing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... aircraft now supported only by the left landing gear and nosewheel. This caused the right wing tip, the propeller blades of the right engine, and the lower portion of the rear fuselage to scrape along the runway, resulting in substantial damage. Subsequent jacking of the fuselage and wing permitted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Over a period of 2 or 3 years, 40 to 50 premature failures of drawn high-tensile, pearlitic high-carbon (0.8 wt% C) steel wires used as cables for towing targets behind aircraft occurred. Six service failures were examined in detail. Four types of failure characteristics were noted. A...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A 4340 steel piston engine crankshaft in a transport aircraft failed catastrophically during flight. The fracture occurred in the pin radius zone. Fractographic studies established the mode of failure as fatigue under a complex combination of bending and torsional stresses. SEM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and location of the explosion. Because the engines and undercarriage were severed, the aircraft was resting on the underside of the fuselage, beyond the end of the runway ( Fig. 1 ). The front toilet and cockpit areas had suffered extensive damage. The paint on the external skin above the front...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... stereoscopic microscope and/or a borescope. Aircraft components Airplanes Bearing steel Control valves Electric discharge machining Engine components Low-cycle fatigue 52000 Fatigue fracture Metalworking-related failures Brittle fracture A steel relay valve guide component...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Modern fighter aircraft structures often play compound roles by providing paths for multiple loading conditions. In the aircraft under study, the D6ac steel frame ( Fig. 1 ) provides support for the main landing gear, is an integral frame in the engine inlet nacelle, acts as a closure for an engine-mount...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Several cases of embrittlement failure are analyzed, including liquid-metal embrittlement (LME) of an aluminum alloy pipe in a natural gas plant, solid metal-induced embrittlement (SMIE) of a brass valve in an aircraft engine oil cooler, LME of a cadmium-plated steel screw from a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0048169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract A valve-seat retainer spring (made of 0.23 mm thick 17-7 PH stainless steel) from a fuel control on an aircraft engine was found to be broken after 3980 h of service. The two inner tabs were found to be broken off. The part was revealed to be in relative rotation against its contacting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Following the crash of a Mirage III-0 aircraft (apparently caused by engine failure), a small crack was detected in a bolt hole in the wing main spar (AU4SG aluminum alloy). Because this area was considered to be critical to aircraft safety and similar cracking was found in other spars...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract The failure of an ATAR engine accessory angle drive gear assembly caused an engine flame-out in a Mirage III aircraft of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) during a landing. Stripping of the engine revealed that the bevel gear locating splines (16 NCD 13) had failed. Visual and low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... good joining methods. Cranes, particularly tower cranes, are liable to fatigue failure, operating as they do under severe dynamic loading and often dynamic overloading. Inspection, therefore, is as important for a tower crane as it is for an aircraft, particularly after it has seen more than five...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fatigue fracture was caused by engine vibrations during operation of the aircraft. Fracture characteristics indicated that the fatigue would not have occurred if the initial damage had not taken place. Aerospace engines Engine components Gas turbine engines Lubrication systems Tanks Tearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... During flight, the tail rotor blade failed and the outer section of the blade separated from the aircraft. The crew executed a successful emergency landing. Subsequent inspection revealed that the spar of one tail rotor blade had failed and that the entire section from the spar shank outboard had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fatigue crack(s) in the inner race. When the crack reached the critical size, the collar of the race fractured, causing subsequent damage. The cage also failed due to excessive stresses in the axial direction, and its material was smeared on the steel balls and the outer race. aircraft bearings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that the entire air foil section had departed the aircraft. There was no strike damage evident. The outboard departed section was never recovered. The tail rotor blade was constructed of 7075 aluminum alloy heat treated to the T7351 condition. The blade had fiberglass pockets. Chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., the results of the analysis using the model may directly or indirectly give insight to the cause of an accident. The term accident reconstruction has traditionally been used to describe the investigation and analysis of motor vehicle and aircraft accidents. However, the term is also being...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... partial thrust (insufficient to enable an aircraft to take off) is an example of a loss of function. The next level of failure involves a system or component that performs its function but is unreliable or unsafe ( Ref 1 ). In this form of failure, the system or component has sustained a loss of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... aircraft components, high-speed transport systems, and spacecraft. All these critical applications are subject to vibrations that can cause severe structural problems if they are not accounted for in the design. The microelectronic packaging industry has benefited greatly from FEA in the design and...