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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., embrittlement of this type was the primary cause of the breaking off of the type rivet heads. Nothing was observed in the course of the examination that suggested caustic cracking. Aging Boiler plate Rivets Rimming steel Brittle fracture When the lagging was removed from the longitudinal seam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract This case study demonstrates that Alloy 601 (UNS N06601) is susceptible to strain-age cracking. The observation illustrates the potential importance of post weld heat treatment to the successful utilization of this alloy in certain applications. Steam reforming Inconel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... where embrittlement had developed following plastic straining and service at a temperature of 260 deg C (500 deg F) suggested that failure resulted from strain-age embrittlement. Brackets Ovens Rimming steel Brittle fracture A bracket which formed part of the carrier of a chain conveyor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...) and 11 MPa (1600 psi). The valve stem was reported to have been solution heat treated at 1040 +/-14 deg C (1900 +/-25 deg F) for 30 min and either air quenched or oil quenched to room temperature. The stem was then reportedly aged at 550 to 595 deg C (1025 to 1100 deg F) for four hours. Investigation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the appropriate implants and operation technique, not only the type of fracture and its location but also the condition of the soft tissue, the structure and consistency of the bone, the age and condition of the patient, and any present complication must be considered. Even when the best possible reconstruction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... is described in the literature 1 . According to this the strength and hardness are increased by only minute amounts of aluminium and then on ageing — particularly in the case of rolled material — embrittlement commences at the surface which leads to cracks or fracture on bending. This was the behaviour...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of classical and nonclassical creep behavior. The article provides a description of microstructural changes and damage from creep deformation, including stress-rupture fractures. It also describes metallurgical instabilities, such as aging and carbide reactions, and evaluates the complex effects of creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... alloy are mostly produced by extrusion. Some material processed this way has been prone to exfoliation corrosion. Extended aging for 24 h at a temperature of 185 deg C (365 deg F) virtually suppresses the tendency for exfoliation corrosion to develop. Also, the use of a sprayed coating, either...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... structure. In addition, the nature of the fracture and the results of the notched bar impact tests showed that in spite of the high C-content, the eye bolt had become brittle as a result of aging. Cleavage Eyebolts Materials selection Strain aging St 37-2N Brittle fracture After several...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... at the required aging temperature and follow-up mechanical testing. Army aviation Flight safety critical component Metallurgical investigation PH 13-8Mo UNS S13800 Heat treating-related failures Metalworking-related failures Background Governing Specifications and Major Requirements Visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... for a Titan vehicle failed at Cape Kennedy ( Fig. 2 ). They were made of 17-4 PH in the H900 condition — a martensitic, age-hardening alloy. In the H900 condition (solution treated and aged 1 hr at 900 F), the material had nominal strengths of 180,000 psi yield and 200,000 psi tensile. The alloy's composition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...-stress levels after welding. Lamellar tearing Pressure vessels Strain aging Welded joints ASTM A201 Grade B Joining-related failures Brittle fracture A spherical carbon steel fixed-catalyst bed reactor failed after 20 years of service while in a standby condition ( Fig. 1 ). At the time...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Heat Treatment The PH 13-8 Mo heat treatment consists of three steps: solutionizing at 1700°F ± 25°F (927°C ± 14°C) for not less than 30 minutes, quenching in air or oil to below 60°F (16°C), and finally aging ( Ref. 3 ). The standard aging temperatures are 950, 1000, 1025, 1050, 1100, or 1150°F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... processes, namely hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking, are discussed under boiler tube failures, molten salts for energy storage, and degradation and failures in gas turbines. The article describes the effects of environment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of about 1 m onto the opposite support. The fracture was a grainy forced rupture that propagated from one of the fillet welds. Investigation showed a steel was selected for this important construction that was prone to aging and that in fact had aged through cold deformation during straightening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... for the T6 temper and were within the range for 6061-T4 (acceptable hardness, 19 to 45 HRB). This indicated they had been naturally aged at room temperature after solution heat treatment instead of artificially aged as per specs. Edge cracking in two of the T-sections was the result of improper conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... to the desired curvature, preheated, then solution treated, water quenched, and then aged for 8 to 10 h. Analysis (visual inspection, slow-bend testing, 65x macrographic analysis, macroetching, spectrographic analysis, hardness tests, microhardness tests, tension tests, and microscopic examination) supported...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... corrosion and fatigue. The cracking was accelerated because of an inadvertent fit up stress during installation. The age of the crack could not be established. However, a reevaluation of prior x-ray inspections in this area would result in some close estimate of the age of the crack. End grain exposure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Microstructural examination indicated brittle fracture caused by strain aging. Replacement of all studs on the man hole cover and examination of the boiler steel in other places were recommended. Steam engines Strain aging EN2 Brittle fracture Background Visual Examination of General Physical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization and metal dusting, sulfidation, hot corrosion, chloridation, hydrogen interactions, molten metals, molten salts, and aging...