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Abrasive wear

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Wear, a form of surface deterioration, is a factor in a majority of component failures. This article is primarily concerned with abrasive wear mechanisms such as plastic deformation, cutting, and fragmentation which, at their core, stem from a difference in hardness between contacting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Analysis supported the conclusions that the leaks were caused by excessive sleeve wear that resulted from the presence of fine, abrasive silt in the river water. The silt, which contained hard particles of silica, could not be filtered out of the inlet water effectively. Hard surfacing Pumps...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A hypoid pinion made from 4820 Ni-Mo alloy steel was the driving member of a power unit operating a rapid transit car. The pinion had been removed from service at the end of the initial test period because it showed undue wear. The mode of failure was severe abrasive wear. The cause...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence. This article primarily covers the topic of abrasive wear failures, covering the general classification of wear. It also...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Abrasive wear volume at various loads and SiC abrasive papers as a function of volume fraction of short glass fibers (GF) in PEI. Speed 5 cm/s in single pass condition; distance slid 3.26 m. (a) 120 grade, grit size ≃ 118 μm. (b) 80 grade, grit size ≃ 175 μm. Source: Ref 29 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Relative abrasive wear loss of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and composites filled with quartz and glass against abrasives SiC (45 μm), WIB, SiO 2 (10 μm) and CaCO 3 (3 μm) as a function of filler volume fraction, V f . WIB, weak interfacial bond; SIB, strong interfacial bond: 1 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Influence of various properties of reinforcing phase on abrasive wear of composite. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 7 (a) Abrasive wear mechanisms and surface deformation as a function of pressure, P ; material hardness, H ; and fracture energy, G Ic . (b) Curves 1 to 3 correspond to the schematic in (a), possible schematic of the wear rate, W as a function of hardness, H of wearing material More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 30 Bearings that failed because of wear by abrasive material in the bearing. (a) Needle-roller bearing. Note that flats have been worn onto the rollers. (b) Abrasive wear caused by natural diamond dust (≤5 μm) that was deliberately introduced into the lubricant in the laboratory. Deep More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... indicated a heavily deformed surface layer with chip formation at the wear surface. The chemical composition of the liner was found to be Fe-2.74C-0.75Mn-0.55Si-0.51Ni-19.4Cr-1.15M. This alloy is highly resistant to abrasive wear, yet at the same time, prone to chipping because little plastic displacement...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 Abrasive failure of the rolling wear track in thermally sprayed WC-Co coating More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... that the combined effect of vibration and abrasive wear by sand and metal particles removed from the splines damaged the shaft. Case hardened spline teeth surface was recommended to increase resistance to wear and abrasion. Case hardening Wear resistance Case-hardened steel Abrasive wear The fuel pump...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... damage of the worn products after the tribological process. Then, the article describes some examples of wear processes, considering possible transitions and/or interactions of the mechanism of fretting wear, rolling-sliding wear, abrasive wear, and solid-particle erosion wear. The role of tribological...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites, mixed...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 35 Different wearing patterns observed in rolling-element bearings. (a) Smearing of the axial side of rollers and taper-shaped wear. (b) Adhesive wear of rollers under heavy sliding (unloaded roller). (c) Abrasive wear due to sliding in the entry and exit of the loaded zone. (d) Geometric More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... particles. No recommendations were made. Antifriction bearings Nylon-polyethylene blend Abrasive wear Shown in Fig. 1 is the worn surface of an antifriction bearing made from a nylon/polyethylene blend. The bearing was worn in contact with a steel shaft. Movement of the shaft against...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Hard-faced austenitic stainless steel pump sleeve used to pump river water to a brine plant. The sleeve at left, coated with a fused nickel-base hard-facing alloy, shows severe abrasive wear by river-water silt after 3387 h of service. Sleeve at right, coated with plasma-deposited More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigation and corrective action. Fatigue failures in shafts, such as bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, contact fatigue, and axial fatigue, are reviewed. The article provides information on the brittle fracture, ductile fracture, distortion, and corrosion of shafts. Abrasive wear and adhesive wear of metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... drives consists of a metal, glass, ceramic, or plastic substrate coated with a magnetic material. Data errors are classified as ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ depending on their correctability. Examination has shown that hard errors are the result of an abrasive wear process that begins with contact between head...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 9 Images of a bearing and associated axle shaft. (a) Scored inside-diameter surface of the bearing. (b) Severely worn region on the axle. (c) Cross section of a region with stepped abrasive wear More