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ASTM 302 grade B

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Nuclear reactor components Stress-corrosion cracking Welded joints ASTM 302 grade B UNS K12022 Corrosion fatigue Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 1 Copyright © 1992 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul, editor All rights reserved DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001051...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... fracture The double-flange trailer wheel shown in Fig. 1 had been in service on a coke-oven pusher car for about 5 years when it broke. Specifications called for rolled steel track wheels in conformity with ASTM A 186 (since reclassified as A 504), with no grade indicated. Fig. 1 ASTM A186...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... For critical wire ropes, some nondestructive testing techniques have been created that can measure the number of cracks or the reduction in metallic cross section of a rope without removing it from service. Some of these methods are identified in ASTM International E 1571 ( Ref 3 ) and consist...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... will be parallel to the direction of principal service stress. Bolts, nuts, and washers should be made in accordance with ASTM A 325 ( Ref 1 ) or other recognized specifications for applications in which they are used only as fasteners. Pins and bolts used as pivots should be of fully killed fine-grain steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in.) long, and 1.3 mm (0.05 in.) below the surface ( Fig. 1b ). Fig. 1 Valve-spring failure due to residual shrinkage during solidification. (a) Macrograph showing fracture, as indicated by arrow. (b) Fracture surface; pipe is indicated by arrow. Source: Ref 4 The steel had a hardness of 45...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... was 900 °C (1650 °F). Fig. 5 Return bend made of ASTM A213, grade T11, ferritic steel that ruptured because it contained a large number of inclusions. (a) Overall view of the return bend showing rupture. (b) Micrograph of an unetched specimen showing high concentration of inclusions. Original...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-boundary film, coarse plate martensite. and unstable retained austenite ( Fig. 17b ). The Snyder-Graff intercept grain size was 4.5 (ASTM 7), which is quite coarse for this grade. Fig. 17 AISI M2 roughing tool that cracked just after heat treatment. (a) Cracks accentuated with magnetic particles. (b...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... with magnetic particles). Microstructural examination revealed an overaustenitized condition with a heavy grain-boundary film, coarse plate martensite, and unstable retained austenite ( Fig. 17b ). The Snyder-Graff intercept grain size was 4.5 (ASTM 7), which is quite coarse for this grade. Fig. 17 AISI...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Surface finish of journal Surface finish of seal wear rings and bearing press surfaces Fig. 9 Schematic showing increased contact area in the updated seal wear ring design. Note the contact area of the seal wear ring in (a) the conventional design compared to (b) the updated design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... point load (b) 1 fail/360 (a) Charged with H 2 S, as in Table 3 . (b) Tested in strain gated load cell Fig. 13 Microstructure of a vendor B bolt. Structure consists almost entirely of tempered martensite. Prior austenite grain size ASTM 4 and 5. Vilelia etch, 67× Fig. 14...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...: Ref 27 . (a, b) Reproduced with permission from “Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus,” G 99, Corrosion of Metals; Wear and Erosion , Vol 03.02, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International, 2019. (c) Slurry-jet erosion tester. Source: Ref 28 . Reproduced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... can result in undesirable grain growth. Fig. 8 Micrographs of specimens taken from the surface (a) and center (b) of ASTM A537 (grade A) plate normalized by austenitizing at 910 °C (1670 °F) followed by air cooling. Grain size of ferrite (light) and pearlite (dark) is larger at the center...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... with rough surfaces in an area formed by a core Broken or crushed core Cavities B 100 Cavities with generally rounded, smooth walls perceptible to the naked eye (blowholes, pinholes) B 110 Class B 100 cavities internal to the casting, not extending to the surface, discernible only...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... electrode half-cell, such as saturated calomel, as described by the procedure in ASTM G 82 ( Ref 3 ). To prepare a valid galvanic series for a given materials and environment of interest, all the factors affecting the potential must be addressed. This includes material composition, heat treatment, surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the electrolyte of interest against a reference electrode half-cell, such as saturated calomel, as described by the procedure in ASTM G 82 ( Ref 3 ). To prepare a valid galvanic series for a given set of materials and environment of interest, all the factors affecting the potential must be addressed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the contact ellipse. The pressure (normal to the surface) can be calculated for any point on the surface as: (Eq 1) P = 3 Q 2 π ab [ 1 − ( x a ) 2 − ( y b ) 2 ] 1 / 2 where P is the contact pressure, Q is the normal force, a is the half-contact...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with a bar diameter of 36 mm (1 7 16 in.). (a) A step (shown by arrow) is visible at the fracture surface near the inner diameter of the spring. A seam is visible, extending from the step. 0.6×. (b) Higher magnification (1.7×) of thumb-nail position of the fracture. The step is in the center...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Phenolic PF Unsaturated polyester UP Polyurethane PUR Vinyl ester VE Fig. 3 The material selection funneling process Fig. 1 The five facets of a successful product development Fig. 2 (a) Repeating polycarbonate and (b) polystyrene structure Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a homogeneous material surface. Fig. 1 Typical morphology of fatigue spall in rolling-element bearings. (a) Fatigue spall centered on a ball bearing raceway. (b) Fatigue spall on 12.7 mm (0.5 in.) diameter steel ball obtained using rolling four-ball machine Prediction of statistical fatigue life...