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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract The causes of internal cracking that occurred in 9% Ni steel castings during manufacture were investigated using a series of eight laboratory castings containing varying amounts of molybdenum. The effect of mold thickness was also investigated. The laboratory castings were subjected to...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract During a work over of an oil well, the 9% Ni steel production tubing parted three times as it was being pulled from the well. The tubing had performed satisfactorily for more than 30 years in the well A representative failure, a circumferential fracture in a connection, was analyzed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... , 1988 , p. 25 . 8. Horvath P.J. : 22nd Mechanical Working and Steel Processing Conf. Proc., Iron and Steel Society , Warrendale, PA , 1980 , vol. 18 , pp. 238 – 49 . 9. Judd R.R. : Iron Steel Eng. , 1979 , vol. 56 ( 1 ), pp. 51 – 60 . 10. Betts W.H. : 22nd...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Publishers , 1978 , p 197 – 214 9. Nakagawa M. , Hoshi A. , Asano A. , and Nambu Y. , Causes and Countermeasures of Spalling of Cold Mill Work Rolls , Iron Steel Eng. , Vol 58 ( No. 3 ), 1981 , p 44 – 49 10. Gaspard C. , Cosse P. , and Magnee A...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract An extensive metallurgical investigation was carried out on samples of a failed roller bearing from the support and tilting system of a basic oxygen furnace converter used in the steel melting shop of an integrated steel plant. The converter bearing was fabricated from low-carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Two aircraft-engine tailpipes of 19-9 DL stainless steel (AISI type 651) developed cracks along longitudinal gas tungsten arc butt welds after being in service for more than 1000 h. Binocular-microscope examination of the cracks in both tailpipes revealed granular, brittle-appearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0059932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract Field failures, traced to internal cracks that were initiated from gross nonmetallics, were encountered in the upset portion of forged 4118 steel shafts. Ultrasonic inspection was thought to be the best method for detection from the location of these cracks, their orientation, and the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... installed. In one example, the service life of HH stainless steel grate bars dropped from more than 7 years for acid pellets to less than 9 months for fluxed pellets. Stainless steel grate bars are sand cast to 25 × 38 × 25 mm (1 × 1.5 × 1 in.), with C-shaped arms at each end to fit into the frame of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0089752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... temperatures and pressures. The pipe had a 24 mm wall thickness, and the hydrostatic head was 331 m (1085 ft). The air temperature was approximately -13 deg C (9 deg F), the water temperature approximately 0.6 deg C (33 deg F), and the steel temperature approximately -4 deg C (25 deg F). The pipe had been shop...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... Met. Soc. , 1995 , vol. 29 ( 1 ), pp. 34 – 45 . 10.1007/978-1-4757-4366-1_4 8. Rossi A.J. : Trans. AIME , 1892–1895 , vol. XXI , pp. 832 – 67 . 9. Campbell H.H. : The Manufacture and Properties of Iron and Steel , Hill Publishing Co. , New York, NY , 1907 , p. 42...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract To forged AISI 4140 steel trailer kingpins fractured after 4 to 6 months of service. Fractographic and metallographic examination revealed that cracks were present in the spool-flange shoulder region of the defective kingpins prior to installation on the trailers. The cracks grew and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... References 1. Nara Y. , Kyogoku T. , Yamura T. , and Takeuchi I. : Met. Technol. , 1983 , 10 , pp. 322 – 9 . 2. Jones B.L. and Johnson D.L. : Proc. Int. Conf. Steel for Linepipe and Pipeline Fittings , The Metals Society , London , 1981 , pp. 14 – 21 . 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... , and Viramortes R. . Carburization of HP40 and AISI 304 Alloys by Reducing Gas Atmospheres , International Symposium on Low Carbon Steels for the 90's , October 18–21 , Pittsburg, Pennsylvania ( 1993 ). 2. Sims S. , Stoloff N. S. and Hagel W. C. . Superalloys II...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , “The Resistance to Chipping of 1% Cr-Mo Steel Hand Hammers,” internal report, Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. , April 1959 3. McIntire H.O. and Manning G.K. , “A Study of the Spalling of Hand Hammers,” Battelle Memorial Institute, unpublished report, 19 May 1958 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the same alloys, along with Inconel alloys 601, 617, and 690 and stainless steel type 347 was also conducted in a simulated waste incinerator nitrogen atmosphere containing 10% Co2, 9% O2, 4% HCl, 130 ppm HBr and 100 ppm SO2 at 595, 705, 815, and 925 deg C (1100, 1300,1500, and 1700 deg F). The tests...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... been applied. Microscopic examination showed grain disintegration was promoted by the thickness of the weld bead and the amount of heat required to produce it. If nonstabilized austenitic sheet is to be used in the future, one of the particularly low-carbon steels, X2 CrNi 18 9 or X2 CrNiMo 18 10, is...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A case-hardened sleeve made of C 15 (Material No. 1.0401) was flattened at two opposing sides and had cracked open at these places, the crack initiating at a face plane. The wall of the sleeve was 9 mm thick, but the flat ends were machined down to 5.5 mm from the outside. The customer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract In a main range in a power station, steam was conveyed at a pressure of 645 psi, and a temperature of 454 deg C (850 deg F). Pipe diameter was 9 in. and the joints were of the bolted type in which a thin steel ring, serrated on both sides, was inserted between plain flanges. Thin...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0045903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract A 230 mm (9 in.) thick casing, fabricated from ASTM 235-55 low-carbon steel, of a 450 Mg (500 ton) extrusion press failed after 27 years of service. Initial visual examination revealed an area that exhibited multiple origins and classic beach marks radiating out approximately 75 mm (3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Abstract A welded natural gas line of 400 mm OD and 9 mm wall thickness made of unalloyed steel with 0.22C had to be removed from service after four months because of a pipe burst. Metallographic examination showed the pipe section located next to the gas entrance was permeated by cracks or...