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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract New aircraft wing panels extruded from 7075-T6 aluminum exhibited an unusual pattern of circular black interrupted lines, which could not be removed by scouring or light sanding. The panels, subsequent to profiling and machining, were required to be penetrated inspected, shot peened...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract The torque-arm assembly (aluminum alloy 7075-T73) for an aircraft nose landing gear failed after 22,779 simulated flights. The part, made from an aluminum alloy 7075-T73 forging, had an expected life of 100,000 simulated flights. Initial study of the fracture surfaces indicated that...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A forging of 7075-T6 aluminum alloy, which formed a support for the cylinder of a cargo door, cracked at an attachment hole. Fluorescent penetrant inspection showed the crack ran above and below the hole out onto the machined flat surface of the flange. A 6500x electron fractograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract The lower receiver of the M16 rifle is an anodized forging of aluminum alloy 7075-T6. Degradation of the receivers was observed after three years of service in a hot, humid atmosphere. The affected areas were those in frequent contact with the user's hands. There was no question that...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A routine examination on a seat ejection system found that the catapult attachment swivel fabricated from 7075-T651 aluminum alloy plate contained cracks on opposite sides of the part. This swivel, or bath tub, does not experience extreme loads prior to activation of the catapult...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... hinge brackets in service for cracks and for proper maintenance of paint. Also suggested was replacing the aluminum alloy 2015-T6 with alloy 7075-T6, and surface treatment for the 7075-T6 brackets was recommended using sulfuric acid anodizing and dichromate sealing. Finally, it was also recommended that...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Aluminum 7075 aircraft wing tanks failed in the 1950s. Investigation (visual inspection, biological analysis, and chemical analysis) supported the conclusion that MIC was the cause of the failures. Water condensed into the fuel tanks during flight led to microbial growth on the jet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract This paper summarizes the results of a failure analysis investigation of a fractured main support bridge made of 7075 aluminum alloy from an army helicopter. The part, manufactured by “Contractor IT,” failed component fatigue testing while those of the original equipment manufacturer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Examination of a 7075-T6 aluminum alloy pylon strut revealed cracks in two locations on the ears of the strut. Because the part was still intact, the cracks had to be forced open so that the fractures could be examined. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the opened cracks showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A helicopter tail rotor blade spar failed in fatigue, allowing the outer section of the blade to separate in flight. The 7075-T7351 aluminum alloy blade had fiberglass pockets. The blade spar was a hollow “D” shape, and corrosion pits were present on the inner surface of the hollow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract An AMS 4126 (7075-T6) aluminum alloy impeller from a radial inflow turbine fractured during commissioning. Initial examination showed that two adjacent vanes had fractured through airfoils in the vicinity of the vane leading edges, and one vane fractured through an airfoil near the hub...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... grinding, burning, mechanical damage, or other microstructural conditions. The significant observation was that the failure of the bolt was located in the vicinity of a 7075-T6 aluminum alloy flange which corroded — evidenced by white, chalky corrosion products. Rust spots (pits) were observed along the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001020
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... unavailable; however, this conductivity compares closely with a T651 condition for alloy 7075. It is of interest to note that this temper in alloy 7075 is not considered an optimal condition for resisting SCC. A number of indications pointed to the preexistence of cracks in the drag-strut attachment lugs...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... corrosion cracks on all UH-1 helicopter Main Rotor Blade Grips. Also, all future procurements of this component require manufacturing from forged 7075-T73 aluminum alloy to substantially reduce the susceptibility to stress corrosion. As of now, the design has been forgiving in that the component leaks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001672
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Handbook , 9th Edition , Vol. 1 , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, OH , pp. 283 – 313 ( 1978 ). 3. Swanson R. E. et al. , “Effects of Stress on the Stress Corrosion Cracking of 7075 Aluminum,” Hydrogen Effects in Metals , Proc. of the 3rd Intl. Conf. on Effect of Hydrogen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... as the precursor to other failure mechanisms were significant for all Al alloys, pitting being relatively important for 2014 (especially in wheels) and SCC being the main failure mechanism for 7079-T6. Fatigue was also an important failure mechanism for 7075 components. The failure causes could be...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Pull-type lockbolts 7075 Aluminum Anodized Not recommended Excellent Excellent Not recommended (a) Blind rivets with controlled shank expansion. (b) Blind bolts are not shank expanding. (c) Fasteners can be used with flanged titanium collars or standard aluminum collars. (d...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ( Ref 19 , 21 ). Tying up similar deleterious species at other interfaces may change the microstructural fracture mode. For example, 7075-T651, an Al-Mg-Zn-Cu alloy, fails by IG fracture. Evidence indicates that this may be a hydrogen embrittlement process along grain boundaries with excess magnesium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Steel , Metall. Trans. , Vol 5 , 1974 , p 549 – 554 10.1007/BF02644648 26. Pow E.C. , Gerberich W.W. , and Toth L.E. , Analysis of Stress Corrosion Crack-Tip Surface Chemistries in 7075 Type Aluminum Alloys , Scr. Metall. , Vol 15 , 1981 , p 55 10.1016/0036-9748(81...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Transverse stressing is considerably more detrimental than longitudinal stressing, and short-transverse stressing is more detrimental than long-transverse stressing. For example, Fig. 7 shows a fractured lug of a forged 7075-T6 aluminum alloy with cracks that initiated because of stresses acting across the...