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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0091475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure fractured in service at a hydrogen pressure of 3000 atm. Fracture occurred at room temperature after miscellaneous chemical service that included exposures to hydrogen at temperatures from ambient to 350 deg C (662 deg F). Investigation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract A T-bolt was part of the coupling for a bleed air duct of a jet engine on a transport plane. Specifications required that the 4.8 mm diam component be made of AISI type 431 stainless steel and heat treated to 44 HRC. The operating temperature of the duct is 425 to 540 deg C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of a live round. If a corrosion-resistant material that must meet a toughness requirement is needed, AISI 431 stainless steel probably should be considered. This martensitic stainless steel can be tempered to achieve a wide range of hardness and strength. It contains 0.20 wt % C and is essentially free...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... P. , Robertson I.M. , in Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Hydrogen in Matter , ed. by Myneni G.R. , Hjörvarsson B. ( Uppsala , 2005 ), pp. 64 – 70 9. Dayal R.K. , Parvathavarthini N. , Sādhanā 28 ( 3–4 ), 431 – 451 ( 2003 ) 10.1007...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with a mix of brittle and ductile features, and finally a completely ductile tearing zone) can be clearly distinguished during fractographic examination. Fig. 4 Two views of a fracture from hydrogen embrittlement of a type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure. This is not typical; hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ), 484 – 492 ( 2001 ) 10.1361/105994901770344935 8. Furtado H.C. , Le May I. : Evaluation of an unusual superheated steam pipe failure . Mater. Charact. 49 , 431 – 436 ( 2003 ) 10.1016/S1044-5803(03)00053-6 9. Metals Handbook, Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , 20 , pp. 55 – 71 10.1016/0304-3894(88)87006-7 . 5. Birk A.M. : “ Thermal Protection of Pressure Vessels by Internal Wall Cooling During Pressure Relief ,” J. Pressure Vessel Technol. (Trans. ASME) , 1990 , 112 , pp. 427 – 431 10.1115/1.2929900 . 6. Sumathipala K...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Aug 1981 , p 231 – 243 10.1016/0301-679X(81)90050-5 8. Rhee S.K. , Wear , Vol 16 , 1970 , p 431 9. Kar M.K. and Bahadur S. , The Wear Equation for Unfilled and Filled Polyoxymethylene , Wear , Vol 30 , 1974 , p 337 – 348 10. Viswanath N...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on a transport plane. Specifications required that the 4.8-mm ( 3 16 -in.) diam T-bolt be made of AISI type 431 stainless steel and heat treated to 44 HRC. The operating temperature of the duct was 425 to 540 °C (800 to 1000 °F), but that of the bolt was lower. The T-bolt broke after 3 years of service...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for Stereology , NBS Spec. Publ. 431, 1976 , p 269 – 272 16. Rabinowicz E. , Met. Ind. Vol 76 , 3 Feb 1950 , p 83 – 86 17. Samuels L.E. , Metallurgia , Vol 51 , March 1955 , p 161 – 162 18. Hurdus M.H. , “Taper Sectioning of Tubular Specimens and Its...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 476 – 491 9. Hull D. , Fractography , Cambridge University Press , 1999 10. Broek D. , Practical Use of Fracture Mechanics , Kluwer , 1988 , p 431 , 436 10.1007/978-94-009-2558-8 11. Lin W.S. , “ The Ductile-Brittle Fracture Transformation: A Comparison...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... body of the grain. In wrought martensitic stainless steels, such as AISI types 403, 410, and 431, intergranular cracking is the rule when heat treatment procedures, although not necessarily improper, result in similar carbide precipitation. The path of SCC in some metals is not governed completely...