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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0091475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure fractured in service at a hydrogen pressure of 3000 atm. Fracture occurred at room temperature after miscellaneous chemical service that included exposures to hydrogen at temperatures from ambient to 350 deg C (662 deg F). Investigation...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Two views of a fracture from hydrogen embrittlement of a type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure. This is not typical; HE cracking on cylinders is usually circumferential. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 AISI type 431 stainless steel T-bolt that failed by SCC. (a) T-bolt showing location of fracture. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Fracture surface of the bolt showing shear lip (arrow A), fine-grain region (arrow B), and oxidized regions (arrows C). (c) Longitudinal section through More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Two views of a fracture from hydrogen embrittlement of a type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure (Example 1). This is not typical; HE cracking on cylinders is usually circumferential. More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 10 AISI type 431 stainless steel T-bolt that failed by stress-corrosion cracking. (a) T-bolt showing location of fracture. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Fracture surface of the bolt showing shear lip (arrow A), fine-grained region (arrow B), and oxidized regions (arrows C). (c More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A T-bolt was part of the coupling for a bleed air duct of a jet engine on a transport plane. Specifications required that the 4.8 mm diam component be made of AISI type 431 stainless steel and heat treated to 44 HRC. The operating temperature of the duct is 425 to 540 deg C (800...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Intergranular separation in an area of the surface of the hydrogen embrittlement fracture of the type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure of Fig. 4 and 5. When viewed in three-dimension, the somewhat rounded separated-grain surfaces show cavities akin to dimples in appearance More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Intergranular separation in an area of the surface of the hydrogen embrittlement fracture of the type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure of Fig. 4 and 5 . When viewed in three-dimension, the somewhat rounded separated-grain surfaces show cavities akin to dimples in appearance More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Transgranular cleavage in an area of the surface of the hydrogen embrittlement fracture of the type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure shown in Fig. 4. See also Fig. 6. When viewed in three-dimension, this stereo pair shows a massive ridge running from top to bottom at the left More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Transgranular cleavage in an area of the surface of the hydrogen embrittlement fracture of the type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure shown in Fig. 4 . See also Fig. 6 . When viewed in three-dimension, this stereo pair shows a massive ridge running from top to bottom More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of a live round. If a corrosion-resistant material that must meet a toughness requirement is needed, AISI 431 stainless steel probably should be considered. This martensitic stainless steel can be tempered to achieve a wide range of hardness and strength. It contains 0.20 wt % C and is essentially free...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.../matertrans.M2010273 8. Sofronis P. , Robertson I.M. , in Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Hydrogen in Matter , ed. by Myneni G.R. , Hjörvarsson B. ( Uppsala , 2005 ), pp. 64 – 70 9. Dayal R.K. , Parvathavarthini N. , Sādhanā 28 ( 3–4 ), 431 – 451...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., a cathodic current accelerates cracking. Electrochemical methods are also used to determine whether hydrogen can be charged into metal in given solutions. Example 1: Hydrogen Embrittlement of a Type 431 Stainless Steel Mushroom-Head Closure The type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure shown...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... : Evaluation of an unusual superheated steam pipe failure . Mater. Charact. 49 , 431 – 436 ( 2003 ) 10.1016/S1044-5803(03)00053-6 9. Metals Handbook, Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , 10th edn. , vol. 1 , p. 642 . ASM International , Materials Park, USA...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... features, and finally a completely ductile tearing zone) can be clearly distinguished during fractographic examination. Fig. 4 Two views of a fracture from hydrogen embrittlement of a type 431 stainless steel mushroom-head closure. This is not typical; hydrogen embrittlement cracking on cylinders...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ,” J. Pressure Vessel Technol. (Trans. ASME) , 1990 , 112 , pp. 427 – 431 10.1115/1.2929900 . 6. Sumathipala K. , Venart J.E.S. , and Steward F.R. : “ Two-Phase Swelling and Entrainment during Pressure Relief Valve Discharges ,” J. Hazard. Mater. , 1990 , 25 , pp. 219...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Science Handbook , Jenkins A.D. , Ed., North-Holland Publishing , 1972 7. Briscoe B.J. , Wear of Polymers: An Essay on Fundamental Aspects , Tribol. Int. , Aug 1981 , p 231 – 243 10.1016/0301-679X(81)90050-5 8. Rhee S.K. , Wear , Vol 16 , 1970 , p 431 9...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... duct of a jet engine on a transport plane. Specifications required that the 4.8-mm ( 3 16 -in.) diam T-bolt be made of AISI type 431 stainless steel and heat treated to 44 HRC. The operating temperature of the duct was 425 to 540 °C (800 to 1000 °F), but that of the bolt was lower. The T-bolt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1