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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Alloy 430 stainless steel tube-to-header welds failed in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) within one year of commissioning. The HRSG was in a combined cycle, gas-fired, combustion turbine electric power plant. Alloy 430, a 17% Cr ferritic stainless steel, was selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0065826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
..., failed after a week by transgranular SCC. Annealed type 430 ferritic stainless steel was subsequently suggested to prevent further failures. Basic oxygen furnaces Materials selection Precipitator wires 304 UNS S30400 430 UNS 54300 1008 UNS G10080 Corrosion fatigue Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0046388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Recommendations included hardening and tempering the bolts to the hardness range of 375 to 430 HRB. The thimbles should be heat treated to a similar microstructure and the same hardness range as those of the bolt. Molybdenum disulfide lubricant can be liberally applied during the initial installation of the bolts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract The failure during use of a seat on a heavy-duty swing set at an elementary school was investigated. The seat contained a perforated reinforcing sheet metal (galvanized type 430 stainless steel) insert covered by an elastomeric material. Specimens of the reinforcing sheet from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... … 0.72 0.028 486 … 0.80 0.031 456 … 0.88 0.034 472 … 0.96 0.037 434 … 1.04 0.041 430 390 1.12 0.044 434 … 1.20 0.047 430 390 1.28 0.051 425 390 1.36 0.054 434 … (a) With a 500 gf load at 20 µm/s. (b) From ASTM E 140-88 The basic cause...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to temperatures of around 430 °C or above. Despite the favorable thermodynamic driving force, the reaction is rarely observed in modern steels as the kinetics of the transformation are slow, and steels containing over 0.7% Cr by weight are considered immune to this reaction. The spheroidization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the thinning by erosion-corrosion and scale formation, the stress levels increased from 430 MPa (62 ksi) at the central portion (where the crack occurred) to 550 MPa (80 ksi). From Fig. 2 , it is seen that this change in stress would reduce the time to rupture by a factor of 1000. The columnar grains...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in <xref rid="c9001307-f4" ref-type="fig">Fig. 4</xref> Table 2 Microhardness measurements made on the metallographic section shown in Fig. 4 Location Hardness, VPN Base metal 153, 185, 141, 146, 156, 1129 155, 143, 130, 140, 131 Weld bead on inner surface 430, 426, 401 Weld bead on outer surface 366, 385, 397 ...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 0.7 0.5–0.8 C 0.3 0.25–0.32 S 0.0054 … Vicker’s hardness testing was performed on the circumference of the tube in the deformed region. It was observed that the hardness remains same throughout the scan. The obtained hardness was in the range of 430–450 Hv. In order...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... This type of fracture is apparently controlled by the ligament net stress. Estimation was based on several techniques, including the fatigue test results and consideration of the pipe as a through-crack in a semi-infinite plate. The critical crack size obtained varied between 400 and 430 mm (15 and 17...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) Introduction Chemical Composition Conclusions Acknowledgments References References 1. Yang Z. , Liu D. , Zhang X. , Appl. Mech. Mater. 29–32 , 697 – 702 ( 2010 ) 2. Li L.J. , Huo X.D. , Guo L. , Adv. Mater. Res. 430–432 , 229 – 232 ( 2012...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... (tearing) at arrow D due to model III loading, with the crack growing from left to right as this section moves up and down with respect to the mating half of the fracture. 430×. Fig. 9 SEM micrographs of arrow K in Fig. 8 , showing model III fatigue features and rubbing. (a)756×. (b) Center...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... For electronic manufacturing, solder alloys with lead or copper are commonly used; they have a relatively low melting point (~180 to 220 °C, or 355 to 430 °F), good mechanical properties for impact and fatigue resistance, and decent thermal and electrical conductivity ( Ref 1 , 2 ). However, the risks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... where the cracking occurred was approximately 430 MPa. The formation of 1 mm thick deposits over the lower face of the shroud, thinning of the shroud due to erosion/corrosion resulted in stress levels increasing to approximately 520 and 550 MPa. Such a stress increase significantly reduced alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... load damage results in intergranular failure. Increased susceptibility to stress corrosion has been reported for the high sulphur free machining grades ( 2 ). The rare occurrences of stress corrosion in ferritic stainless steel (including alloy 430) are associated with material which has been heavily...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... , 1970 . 19. Burger C. P. , “Thermal Modeling,” Experimental Mechanics , pp 430 – 442 , November 1975 . 10.1007/BF02410343 20. Honegger E. , Brown Boveri Rev. , Vol. 14 , p 94 . 21. Jastrzebski Z. D. , Engineering Materials , John Wiley &amp; Sons, Inc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and pearlite have formed along the rolling direction. The relationship between increasing percentages of reduction by hot rolling and the intensity of banding in type 430 stainless steel is demonstrated by Fig. 4 . Fig. 2 Longitudinal section through a hot rolled 1041 steel bar showing a carbon-rich...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.../BF02706442 10. McMahon C.J. Jr , Eng. Fract. Mech . 68 , 773 – 788 ( 2001 ) 10.1016/S0013-7944(00)00124-7 11. Whiteman M.B. , Troiano A.R. , Phys. Stat. Sol . 7 , K109 ( 1964 ) 10.1002/pssb.19640070241 12. Slaughter E.R. , J. Met ., 430 – 431 ( 1956...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , and Robinson J.N. , What Is a Warning and When Will It Work? Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society , 1989 , p 426 – 430 10.1518/107118189786759615 11. Wogalter W.S. and Laughery K.R. , WARNING! Sign and Label Effectiveness , Curr. Direct. Psycholog. Sci. , Vol 5...