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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0047917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract The support bearing of a hydrofoil vessel failed after only 220 h of operation. The bearing consisted of an outer ring made of chromium-plated AISI type 416 stainless steel and an inner ring with a spherical outer surface made of AISI type 440C stainless steel, with a plastic material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract The bottom flange of a vertical pipe coupled to an isolating valve in a steam supply line to a turbine failed. Steam pressure was 1,500 psi and the temperature 416 deg C (780 deg F). Multiple cracking occurred in the bore of the flange. A quarter-segment was cut out and examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the possibility of inhibitor buildup and the eventual clogging of the hole. A change in the manufacturing process to include a cadmium plating on the hole inside surface was recommended. This was to be accomplished in accordance with MIL specification QQ-P-416, Type II, Class 1. A material change to 300-series...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A coupling in a line-shaft vertical turbine pump installed in a dam foundation fractured after a very short time. The coupling material was ASTM A582 416 martensitic stainless steel. Visual, macrofractographic, and scanning electron microscopic examination of the coupling showed...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Microstructures of stainless steel bolts that failed from SCC. (a) Branched intergranular cracking in a type 410 stainless steel bolt from lot 1 (see Example). Etched with picral plus HCl. 250×. (b) Microstructure of a type 416 stainless steel bolt typical of those in lots 2 and 3 (see More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 9 Microstructures of stainless steel bolts that failed from SCC. (a) Branched intergranular cracking in a type 410 stainless steel bolt from lot 1 (see Example 4 ). Etched with picral plus HCl. 250×. (b) Microstructure of a type 416 stainless steel bolt typical of those in lots 2 and 3 More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 9 Microstructures of stainless steel bolts that failed from stress-corrosion cracking. (a) Branched intergranular cracking in a type 410 stainless steel bolt from lot 1 (see Example 4). Etched with picral plus HCl. Original magnification: 250×. (b) Microstructure of a type 416 stainless More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... environment and creating conditions favorable to hydrogen stress cracking. This paper describes the analysis of the fracture of the coupling and provides an example of how biologically induced corrosion can result in unexpected fracture of a relatively basic machine part. Biological organisms 416 UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091893
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of Rolling-Element Bearings, Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 10, Metals Handbook , 8th ed., American Society for Metals, 1975, p 416–437. Selected Reference Selected Reference • Bayer R.G. , Fundamentals of Wear Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001380
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Pertinent Specifications The pitch horn bolt was fabricated from AISI 4340 steel in accordance with AMS 6414, and subsequently heat treated to attain an ultimate tensile strength range of 1241 to 1379 MPa (180 to 200 ksi). The bolts were electrolytically cadmium plated per QQ-P-416. The bolts were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... treated to a tensile strength of 1240 to 1380 MPa (180 to 200 ksi) and a hardness of 39 to 43 HRC and then cadmium plated per QQ-P-416 type II class 2 (23 h bake). Visual Examination of General Physical Features The bolt fractured through the head-to-shank fillet, a type of failure usually...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... bolt from lot 1 (see Example). Etched with picral plus HCl. 250×. (b) Microstructure of a type 416 stainless steel bolt typical of those in lots 2 and 3 (see Example). Same etchant as (a). 100×. (c) to (e) Typical fracture surfaces of the bolts showing carbide particles (c), intergranular fracture (d...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... D. J. : How Components Fail , ASM , Metals Park, Ohio , 1966 . 11. Phillips A. , Kerlins V. , and Whiteson B. V. : Electron Fractography Handbook , ML-TDR-64-416, Af Mat. Lab. , Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio , 1965 . 12. Brothers A. J. and Yukawa S...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of an outer ring made of chromium-plated AISI type 416 stainless steel and an inner ring with a spherical outer surface made of AISI type 440C stainless steel, with a plastic material between the two. The plastic material was bonded to the outer ring. Fig. 8 Plastic-lined stainless steel spherical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , Materials Park, OH , 1164 pages 13. Azevedo C.R.F. , Cescon T. : Análise de Falha e Metalografia, Casos Selecionados (1933–2003) (Failure Analysis and Metallography, Selected Cases (1933–2003)) , IPT (Technology Research Institute) , Sa˜o Paulo , Brazil , 1st ed. , 416 pages ( 2004...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... be observed, Fig. 8b . In Fig. 8b , the wave numbers around 416 and 568 cm –1 are, respectively, ascribed to the peaks of copper and molybdenum oxides, i.e., they correspond to the wear debris of the cage and the oxidation products of the MoS 2 additives in the grease. Meanwhile, 1335, 1681, 1767...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... , October 1967 2. Philips A. , Kerlins V. , and Whiteson B.V. , Electron Fractography Handbook , Technical Report ML-TDR-64-416, January 1965 3. Hudgins C.M. et al. , “Hydrogen Sulfide Cracking of Carbon and Alloy Steels,” Corrosion , Vol. 22 , August 1966...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... … … Wood 220–264 428–507 260–416 500–781 Cotton 230–266 446–511 254 489 Source: Ref 5 Flame Spread Flame spread, or propagation, can be defined as the rate of travel of a flame front under given conditions of burning ( Ref 10 ). It can also be viewed as a series of progressive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Method,” Fatigue Crack Growth Threshold Concepts , Davidson D.L. and Suresh S. , Ed., Met. Soc. AIME , 1984 , pp. 399 – 416 . 19. Phoplonker M.A. , Byrne J. , Duggan T.V. , Scheffel R.D. , and Barnes P. : “Near-Threshold Fatigue Crack Growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... type 416 stainless steel and an inner ring with a spherical outer surface made of AISI type 440C stainless steel, with a plastic material between the two. The plastic material was bonded to the outer ring. The inner ring had failed in four places, as shown, and several less serious cracks had begun...